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Music - R - Oxford Bibliographies

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Messiaen, Olivier

Nigel Simeone

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Olivier Messiaen Introduction Olivier Messiaen (b. 1908–d. 1992) was one of the true originals of 20th-century music: a composer whose innovati...


Alejandro L. Madrid

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2015-03-10

Mexico Introduction The systematic study of music was born out of the European projects of nation building at the end of the 19th century. The...

Monteverdi, Claudio

Linda Maria Koldau

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-02-26

Claudio Monteverdi Introduction Claudio Monteverdi (b. 1567–d. 1643) occupies a prominent position in music history. His innovations in musica...


Jennifer Thomas

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2014-09-29

Motet Introduction The motet, a free-standing work usually for a vocal ensemble, emerged in the late 12th or early 13th century and evolved ov...

Music and Cognition

Ian Goldstein

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-03-31

Music and Cognition Introduction Music and cognition refers to the study of musical thinking. In basic terms, it seeks to understand the mental processe...


Kent Conrad

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-05-28

Musical Introduction The musical is a genre of musical theater that combines singing, spoken dialogue, and dance, with the three elements more...

Musical Instruments, Classification of

Bronia Kornhauser

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2015-09-29

Classification of Instruments Introduction The classification of musical instruments, the oldest system of which dates back at least four mill...

Nationalism in Western Art Music

Jonathan Gentry

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Nationalism in Western Art Music Introduction During the 18th century, music developed the capacity to articulate nationalism. While local and ...

North Africa

Kristy Barbacane

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

North Africa Introduction Also known as the Maghrib, the geographical region of North Africa traditionally describes the present-day nations o...


Micaela Baranello

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-02-25

Operetta Introduction Operetta is a form of musical theater that mixes song with spoken dialogue and dance. It originated in France in the 1850s and spr...

Orchestral Music

D. Kern Holoman

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2012-03-23

Orchestral Music Introduction Music for the concert orchestra that coalesced in 18th-century Europe falls into two major genres: the symphony ...


Thomas Payne

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Organum Introduction As the Latin form of the Greek ὄργανον (organon: “tool,” “instrument,” “systematic principle”), the word organum refers m...

Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da

Noel O'Regan

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Giovanni Pierluigi Da Palestrina Introduction The composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina was already being recognized as an iconic figure du...

Penderecki, Krzysztof

Andrea F. Bohlman

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-02-25

Krzysztof Penderecki Introduction Krzysztof Penderecki (1933–) was one of the most celebrated and, at times, controversial composers from Poland in the ...

Philosophy of Music

Theodore Gracyk

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Philosophy of Music Introduction Narrowly construed, philosophy of music encompasses all theorizing about music that arises within philosophy. ...


Olivia Bloechl

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-01-21

Post-Colonialism Introduction Post-colonialism (postcolonialism) is a form of critical thought that investigates the cultural history of colonialism and...

Poulenc, Francis

Carl Schmidt

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Francis Poulenc Introduction Francis Poulenc (b. 1899–d. 1963) is the most frequently performed, recorded, and studied member of the French gro...

Prokofiev, Sergey

Simon Morrison

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Sergey Prokofiev Introduction Sergey Prokofiev (b. 1891–d. 1953) composed some of the most beloved works in the Western tradition, including Pe...

Puccini, Giacomo

Helen M. Greenwald

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Giacomo Puccini Introduction Giacomo Puccini (b. 1858–d. 1924) composed twelve operas as well as songs, choral compositions, and instrumental works. He ...

Purcell, Henry

Andrew Woolley

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Henry Purcell Introduction Henry Purcell (b. 1659–d. 1695) is considered a major 17th-century composer and a luminary of English musical histor...