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William Hutton

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Pausanias Introduction Pausanias was a Greek author of the second century ce (b. c. 115–d. c. 180), whose only known work is the Periegesis Hel...

Architecture, Roman

Janet DeLaine

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-07-27

Roman Architecture Introduction Architecture is the quintessential Roman art, and the well-preserved remains of Roman buildings dominate our vi...

Herculaneum (Modern Ercolano)

Carol C. Mattusch

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-04-14

Herculaneum (Modern Ercolano) Introduction Herculaneum, named after the mythical hero Hercules, was a town of perhaps five thousand inhabitants...

Family, Roman

Mary Harlow

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Roman Family Introduction The history of the Roman family was “reinvented” in the last half of the 20th century by Beryl Rawson, followed clos...

Arena Spectacles

Kathleen M. Coleman

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Arena Spectacles Introduction The staging of various types of violent spectacle characterizes Roman urban culture from the mid-Republic...

Philosophy, Presocratic

Richard D. McKirahan

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

Presocratic Philosophy ...

Slavery, Roman

Theresa Urbainczyk

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-03-02

Roman Slavery Introduction Romans could never escape their slaves. Slaves were always a physical presence: in the city, in the country, in the fo...


K. Sara Myers

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Ovid Introduction All of Ovid’s poetry bears the hallmarks of his distinctive style: humor, wit (often expressed through word play), great ...

Panaetius of Rhodes

Francesca Alesse

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-01-15

Panaetius of Rhodes Introduction Panaetius of Rhodes was a Stoic philosopher of the 2nd century bce. A pupil of the Stoic scholarchs Diogenes ...


Mary R. Lefkowitz

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Pindar Introduction Pindar has been admired since antiquity for the dramatic brilliance of his poetry. Of the various genres in which he wr...

Poverty in the Roman World

Neville Morley

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-01-15

Poverty in the Roman World Introduction “The poor you will always have with you” (Matthew 26:11); the ubiquity of poverty in the ancient world...

Zeno of Elea

John Palmer

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-03-10

Zeno of Elea Introduction Zeno of Elea (c. 490–post-450 bce) is an early Greek philosopher famous for developing a set of ingenious paradoxes ...

Middle Platonism

Mauro Bonazzi

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-03-30

Middle Platonism Introduction The term “Middle Platonism” was created in the 19th century ce to distinguish this movement from the later tradi...

Alexander the Great

Joseph Roisman

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-04-14

Alexander the Great Introduction It has been said about Alexander the Great (b. 356–d. 323 bce) that his name marked the end of an old world ep...

Historiography, Greek

Christopher A. Baron

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2013-10-29

Greek Historiography Introduction The writing of history in ancient Greece, an activity which occurred over a period of one thousand years (50...


Patricia A. Johnston

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2013-11-27

Martial Introduction Most of what we know of the origin and early life of Marcus Valerius Martialis (Martial) has been gleaned from his works:...


Luc Brisson, Richard Dufour

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Plato Introduction Born at Athens in a family of noble descent, Plato (b. c. 428–427– d. c. 348–347 bce), naturally sought throughout his life...


David Konstan

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Catullus Introduction Catullus, a master of lyric poetry, epigram, and other forms during the late Roman Republic, was born in Verona in 87 bc...

Political Philosophy, Greek and Roman

Jed W. Atkins

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-12-19

Greek and Roman Political Philosophy Introduction In this bibliography “Greek and Roman political philosophy” is taken to mean philosophical r...


Lukas Thommen

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Sparta Introduction Alongside Athens, Sparta is considered as the second mighty polis in the Greek world and has always attracted admiration a...

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