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Classics - Oxford Bibliographies

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David Konstan

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Catullus Introduction Catullus, a master of lyric poetry, epigram, and other forms during the late Roman Republic, was born in Verona in 87 bc...

Political Philosophy, Greek and Roman

Jed W. Atkins

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-12-19

Greek and Roman Political Philosophy Introduction In this bibliography “Greek and Roman political philosophy” is taken to mean philosophical r...


Lukas Thommen

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Sparta Introduction Alongside Athens, Sparta is considered as the second mighty polis in the Greek world and has always attracted admiration as...

Languages, Italic

Philip Baldi, Gabriel C.L.M. Bakkum

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Italic Languages Introduction The Italic languages are a group of cognate languages spoken throughout middle and southern Italy before the pre...

Carthage, Punic

Richard Miles

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

Punic Carthage Introduction Founded in the 8th century bce on the North African littoral by Phoenician settlers from Tyre, Carthage had by 500...

Nepos, Cornelius

Rex Stem

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

Cornelius Nepos Introduction Cornelius Nepos (b. c. 110–d. c. 25 bce) is the first biographer in Latin whose works survive and the first biogr...

Economy, Roman

Dennis Kehoe

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-10-25

Roman Economy Introduction As in other preindustrial societies, the economy of the Roman Empire was based on agriculture, which employed the v...


Dylan Sailor

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Tacitus Introduction Publius Cornelius Tacitus (the name Publius is likely, but not certain) was born around 56 ce, probably in Narbonese o...

Novel, Roman

Edmund Cueva

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Roman Novel Introduction “Roman novel?” “Did the Romans have novels?” The Romans did not have a term for what we now consider the “novel” as a...


Catherine Steel

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Cicero Introduction Marcus Tullius Cicero (106–43 bce) was a prominent lawyer and politician, active at Rome during the final decades of ol...


John Palmer

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

Democritus Introduction Democritus of Abdera (c. 460–c. 360 bc) developed the atomist physical theory of Leucippus into a comprehensive philos...


Craige Champion

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Polybius Introduction Polybius is the most important source for the rise of Roman imperialism during the Middle Roman Republic (c. 265–c. 150

Literature, Hellenistic

Dee Clayman

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Hellenistic Literature Introduction The Hellenistic era, so named by J. G. Droysen, begins with the death of Alexander the Great in 323 bce


Zinon Papakonstantinou

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Sport Introduction Sport was practiced in ancient Greece since at least the Bronze Age; however, athletic activities are not extensively docume...

Art, Etruscan

Alexandra Carpino

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-04-14

Etruscan Art Introduction Although Etruscan art has never been accorded the same value or respect given to the material remains of the Greeks o...


Jeffrey S. Rusten

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Thucydides Introduction Thucydides is known as the historian of the “Peloponnesian” war (431–404 bce, between Athens with its subject citie...

Papyrology: Literary and Documentary

Rodney Ast

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Papyrology: Literary and Documentary Introduction Papyrology owes its name to the paper-like writing material produced from the papyrus plant o...


Michael Gagarin

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Demosthenes Introduction Demosthenes (384–322 bce) was one of the leading public figures in Athens in the third quarter of the 4th century—a ...


Lucas Siorvanes

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

Proclus Introduction Proclus (b. 410/412–d. 485 ce) was head of the Athenian philosophy school in Late Antiquity, when Neoplatonism had incorp...

Poetry, Greek: Epigrams

Ruth Scodel

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Greek Poetry: Epigrams Introduction Very soon after Greeks adapted the Phoenician alphabet, they began writing inscriptions in verse, most oft...

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