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Buddhism - Oxford Bibliographies

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Michael Sheehy

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-12-19

Jonang Introduction Jonang (also known as jo nang, jo nang pa, or Jonangpa) is a distinct order of Buddhism in Tibet. Early forefathers of the...

Gelugpa (dGe lugs pa)

Elijah Ary

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-02-06

Gelugpa (dGe lugs pa) Introduction The Gelugpa (dGe lugs pa) school is the youngest of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism. It traces it...

Mongolia, Buddhist Art and Architecture in

Isabelle Charleux

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-10-28

Buddhist Art and Architecture in Mongolia Introduction Mongolian Buddhist art and architecture were largely unknown in Western academic litera...

Image Consecrations

Cameron Warner

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Image Consecrations Introduction Buddhists erect shrines within monasteries and temples, at home, or even in the workplace in order to have a ...

New Religions in Japan (Shinshūkyō), Buddhism and

Erica Baffelli

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Buddhism and New Religions in Japan (Shinshūkyō) Introduction The term “new religious movements” (NRMs) is an umbrella term used for movements...


Heather Blair

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Maṇḍala Introduction English glosses and definitions for the Sanskrit term maṇḍala vary considerably, ranging from “circle” to “energy grid” t...

Tri Songdetsen

Brandon Dotson

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Tri Songdetsen Introduction King Tri Songdetsen (b. 742–d. c. 800) was the monarch responsible for the official adoption of Buddhism as a stat...


Richard Payne

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Homa Introduction While the ritual practices of tantric Buddhism include many and varied rituals (sadhanas, pujas) and yogic practices, ...


Michael Sheehy

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Tāranāta, Ta Ra Na Tha Introduction Tāranātha (b. 1575–d. 1635), also known as Jetsun Tāranātha or Kunga Nyingpo, was one of the most conseque...


Chaisit Suwanvarangkul

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2015-04-29

Pratītyasamutpāda Introduction The Sanskrit term pratītyasamutpāda (Pāli paṭiccasamuppāda; Tib. rten cing ’brel ’byung རྟེན་ཅིང་འབྲེལ་འབྱུང་; ...

Asceticism, Buddhism and

Liz Wilson

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2015-03-10

Buddhism and Asceticism Introduction Asceticism consists of practices of self-discipline undertaken voluntarily in order to achieve a higher s...

Archaeology of Early Buddhism

Robin Coningham

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Archaeology of Early Buddhism Introduction The archaeology of Buddhism has been portrayed as the excavation of individual monuments and the ch...


Tadeusz Skorupski

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2015-05-29

Sautrāntika Introduction Since the late 1980s, a number of Buddhist scholars have produced a vibrant wave of academic studies on the Sautrānti...


Klaus Pinte

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Vinaya Introduction The disciplinary codes for the training of Buddhist monks (Skt. bhikṣus) and nuns (Skt. bhikṣuṇīs), as well as the instit...

Mantras and Dhāraṇīs

Paul Copp

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Mantras and Dhāraṇīs Introduction Mantras and dhāraṇīs are two of the most prominent genres of incantation in Buddhism. Mantras, which tend t...


Paul Donnelly

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-02-06

Mūlamadhyamakakārikā Introduction The Mūlamadhyamakakārikā is generally regarded as the masterwork of the 2nd- to 3rd-century Indian Buddhist ...


Andrew Quintman

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-04-24

Marpa Introduction Marpa Chokyi Lodro (Mar pa Chos kyi blo gros, b. c. 1012–d. 1097), a renowned lay Buddhist master and translator of Sanskrit...

Visualization/Contemplation Sutras

David Quinter

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-02-26

Visualization/Contemplation Sutras Introduction Visualization/contemplation sutras refer to a group of six sutras in the Chinese Buddhist cano...

Saṃsāra and Rebirth

Jeff Wilson

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Saṃsāra and Rebirth Introduction Buddhists conceive of the world as a suffering-laden cycle of life, death, and rebirth, without begi...

Early Modern European Encounters with Buddhism

Frank Usarski

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2015-03-30

Early Modern European Encounters with Buddhism Introduction Unlike the consolidated research of Buddhism in Western countries from the 19th ce...

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