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Buddhism - Oxford Bibliographies

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Image Consecrations

Cameron Warner

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Image Consecrations Introduction Buddhists erect shrines within monasteries and temples, at home, or even in the workplace in order to have a ...

New Religions in Japan (Shinshūkyō), Buddhism and

Erica Baffelli

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Buddhism and New Religions in Japan (Shinshūkyō) Introduction The term “new religious movements” (NRMs) is an umbrella term used for movements...


Heather Blair

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Maṇḍala Introduction Glosses and definitions for the Sanskrit term mandala vary considerably, ranging from “circle” to “energy grid” to “psyc...

Tri Songdetsen

Brandon Dotson

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Tri Songdetsen Introduction King Tri Songdetsen (b. 742–d. c. 800) was the monarch responsible for the official conversion of Tibet to Buddhis...


Richard Payne

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Homa Introduction While the ritual practices of tantric Buddhism include many and varied rituals (sadhanas, pujas) and yogic practices, such ...


Michael Sheehy

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Tāranāta, Ta Ra Na Tha Introduction Tāranātha (b. 1575–d. 1635), also known as Jetsun Tāranātha or Kunga Nyingpo, was one of the most conseque...

Asceticism, Buddhism and

Liz Wilson

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2015-03-10

Buddhism and Asceticism Introduction Asceticism consists of practices of self-discipline undertaken voluntarily in order to achieve a higher s...

Archaeology of Early Buddhism

Robin Coningham

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Archaeology of Early Buddhism Introduction The archaeology of Buddhism has been portrayed as the excavation of individual monuments and the ch...


Klaus Pinte

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Vinaya Introduction The disciplinary codes for the training of Buddhist monks (Skt. bhikṣus) and nuns (Skt. bhikṣuṇīs), as well as the instit...

Mantras and Dhāraṇīs

Paul Copp

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Mantras and Dhāraṇīs Introduction Mantras and dhāraṇīs are two of the most prominent genres of incantation in Buddhism. Mantras, which tend t...


Paul B. Donnelly

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-02-06

Mūlamadhyamakakārikā Introduction The Mūlamadhyamakakārikā is generally regarded as the masterwork of the 2nd- to 3rd-century Indian Buddhist m...


Andrew Quintman

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-04-24

Marpa Introduction Marpa Chokyi Lodro (Mar pa Chos kyi blo gros, b. c. 1012–d. 1097), a renowned lay Buddhist master and translator of Sanskrit...

Visualization/Contemplation Sutras

David Quinter

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-02-26

Visualization/Contemplation Sutras Introduction Visualization/contemplation sutras refer to a group of six sutras in the Chinese Buddhist cano...

Saṃsāra and Rebirth

Jeff Wilson

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Saṃsāra and Rebirth Introduction Buddhists conceive of the world as a suffering-laden cycle of life, death, and rebirth, without begi...

Early Modern European Encounters with Buddhism

Frank Usarski

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2015-03-30

Early Modern European Encounters with Buddhism Introduction Unlike the consolidated research of Buddhism in Western countries from the 19th ce...


George D. Bond

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2011-12-15

Arhat Introduction The term arhat (Sanskrit) or arahant (Pali) denotes for Buddhism a being who has reached a state of perfection and enlighten...

West (North America and Europe), Buddhism in the

Scott A. Mitchell

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Buddhism in the West (North America and Europe) Introduction The study of Buddhism in the West is built on the pioneering work of a handful...

Warrior Monk Traditions

Mikael Adolphson

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Warrior Monk Traditions Introduction Warrior monks in the Asian setting usually refer to members of Buddhist monastic communities who fight fo...


David L. McMahan

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Meditation Introduction Buddhist meditation is made up of a wide array of techniques designed to produce heightened states of awareness and c...


Karma Lekshe Tsomo

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Prātimokṣa/Pātimokkha Introduction The prātimokṣa (Pāli: pāṭimokkha), the Buddhist monastic code of discipline, is a corpus of disciplinary ru...

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