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Buddhism - Oxford Bibliographies

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West (North America and Europe), Buddhism in the

Scott A. Mitchell

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Buddhism in the West (North America and Europe) Introduction The study of Buddhism in the West is built on the pioneering work of a handful...

Warrior Monk Traditions

Mikael Adolphson

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Warrior Monk Traditions Introduction Warrior monks in the Asian setting usually refer to members of Buddhist monastic communities who fight fo...


Karma Lekshe Tsomo

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Prātimokṣa/Pātimokkha Introduction The prātimokṣa (Pāli: pāṭimokkha), the Buddhist monastic code of discipline, is a corpus of disciplinary ru...

Wheel of Life (Bhava-Cakra)

Karil Kucera

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-01-11

Wheel of Life (bhava-cakra) Introduction The Wheel of Life (Skt. bhava-cakra)—or, as it is sometimes referred to, the Wheel of Becoming, the Wh...


Bart Dessein

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Sarvāstivāda Introduction The rise of the Sarvāstivāda school of Buddhism as a distinct group dates back to the 2nd to 1st centuries bce. Acco...

History of Buddhisms in China

Albert Welter

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

History of Buddhisms in China Introduction Buddhism is a major religion in China, and its influence extends beyond China to other regions of E...


John M. Thompson

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Huineng Introduction Huineng (also Hui-Neng or Hui Neng; Jpn. Enō; b. 638–d. 713), the legendary “Sixth Patriarch” of Chan (Jpn. Zen), is a se...

Zen, Premodern Japanese

Taigen Leighton

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Premodern Japanese Zen Introduction Japanese Zen developed in distinctive ways after the Chan traditions were imported from China during th...

Thai Buddhism

Justin McDaniel

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-12-19

Thai Buddhism Introduction Thailand’s population is between 93 and 96 percent Buddhist, and Buddhist institutions have been socially and royal...

Culture, Material

John Kieschnick

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-03-23

Material Culture Introduction The study of material culture belongs to a relatively young discipline that examines artifacts as well as ideas ...

Mahayana, Early

David Drewes

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Early Mahayana Introduction In recent decades the study of early Mahayana has witnessed significant upheaval. Western scholars have abandoned ...

Modernism, Buddhist

David L. McMahan

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Buddhist Modernism Introduction Scholars have used a cluster of terms—“Protestant Buddhism,” “modern Buddhism,” and most commonly, “Buddhis...


Jeff Wilson

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Shinran Introduction Shinran (b. 1173–d. 1262) was an obscure figure in his own time, but his teachings became the basis of the largest...

Abhijñā/Ṛddhi (Extraordinary Knowledge and Powers)

David Fiordalis

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-01-28

Abhijñā/Ṛddhi (Extraordinary Knowledge and Powers) Introduction Abhijñā (Pali: abhiññā) is a Buddhist technical term that refers most specific...

Japan, Buddhism in

Lori Meeks

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-11-21

Buddhism in Japan Introduction European missionaries and philologists undertook the earliest Western-language studies of Japanese Buddhism. In...


Galen Amstutz

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Amitābha Introduction The three topics of Amitābha (in Japanese, Amida; in Chinese, Amituo), Pure Land Buddhism, and nembutsu are always lin...

Self, Non-Self, and Personal Identity

Matthew Kapstein

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Self, Non-Self, and Personal Identity Introduction The precise nature of the Buddha’s doctrine, as he himself may have taught it, is subject ...

Nuns, Lives, and Rules

Karma Lekshe Tsomo

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-02-26

Nuns, Lives, and Rules Introduction According to tradition, the order of Buddhist nuns (bhikṣunī sangha) began some five centuries before the ...

Literature, Chan

Jeffrey L. Broughton

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2011-11-29

Chan Literature Introduction In this survey, “Chan” (禪) refers to Chan texts produced in China from the early Tang dynasty (618–907) through t...

Cambodian Buddhism

John Marston

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Cambodian Buddhism Introduction The study of Cambodian Buddhism has less clearly coalesced as a field than studies of Buddhism in the other ma...

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