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Buddhism - Oxford Bibliographies

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Bart Dessein

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Sarvāstivāda Introduction The rise of the Sarvāstivāda school of Buddhism as a distinct group dates back to the 2nd to 1st centuries bce. Acco...

History of Buddhisms in China

Albert Welter

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

History of Buddhisms in China Introduction Buddhism is a major religion in China, and its influence extends beyond China to other regions of E...


John M. Thompson

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Huineng Introduction Huineng (also Hui-Neng or Hui Neng; Jpn. Enō; b. 638–d. 713), the legendary “Sixth Patriarch” of Chan (Jpn. Zen), is a se...

Zen, Premodern Japanese

Taigen Leighton

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Premodern Japanese Zen Introduction Japanese Zen developed in distinctive ways after the Chan traditions were imported from China during th...

Thai Buddhism

Justin McDaniel

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-12-19

Thai Buddhism Introduction Thailand’s population is between 93 and 96 percent Buddhist, and Buddhist institutions have been socially and royal...

Dalai Lama

Gareth Sparham

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-10-25

Dalai Lama Introduction Dalai Lama is the honorific title of Tenzin Gyatso (Bstan ‘dzin rgya mtsho, b. 1935), a Nobel Peace Prize winner and t...

Culture, Material

John Kieschnick

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-03-23

Material Culture Introduction The study of material culture belongs to a relatively young discipline that examines artifacts as well as ideas ...

Mahayana, Early

David Drewes

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Early Mahayana Introduction In recent decades the study of early Mahayana has witnessed significant upheaval. Western scholars have abandoned ...

Modernism, Buddhist

David L. McMahan

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Buddhist Modernism Introduction Scholars have used a cluster of terms—“Protestant Buddhism,” “modern Buddhism,” and most commonly, “Buddhis...


Jeff Wilson

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Shinran Introduction Shinran (b. 1173–d. 1262) was an obscure figure in his own time, but his teachings became the basis of the largest...

Abhijñā/Ṛddhi (Extraordinary Knowledge and Powers)

David Fiordalis

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-01-28

Abhijñā/Ṛddhi (Extraordinary Knowledge and Powers) Introduction Abhijñā (Pali: abhiññā) is a Buddhist technical term that refers most specific...

Japan, Buddhism in

Lori Meeks

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-11-21

Buddhism in Japan Introduction European missionaries and philologists undertook the earliest Western-language studies of Japanese Buddhism. In...


Galen Amstutz

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Amitābha Introduction The three topics Amitābha (in Japanese, Amida; in Chinese, Amituo), Pure Land Buddhism, and nenbutsu are always linke...

Self, Non-Self, and Personal Identity

Matthew Kapstein

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Self, Non-Self, and Personal Identity Introduction The precise nature of the Buddha’s doctrine, as he himself may have taught it, is subject ...

Nuns, Lives, and Rules

Karma Lekshe Tsomo

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-02-26

Nuns, Lives, and Rules Introduction According to tradition, the order of Buddhist nuns (bhikṣunī sangha) began some five centuries before the ...

Literature, Chan

Jeffrey L. Broughton

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2011-11-29

Chan Literature Introduction In this survey, “Chan” (禪) refers to Chan texts produced in China from the early Tang dynasty (618–907) through th...

Cambodian Buddhism

John Marston

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Cambodian Buddhism Introduction The study of Cambodian Buddhism has less clearly coalesced as a field than studies of Buddhism in the other ma...

Tibetan Book of the Dead

Casey Alexandra Kemp

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2011-11-29

Tibetan Book of the Dead Introduction The most famous work of Tibetan literature known to the West, the Tibetan Book of the Dead (Bardo Thödol)...

Body, Buddhism and the

John Powers

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Buddhism and the Body Introduction Unlike some Indian religions that posit an eternal “self” (atman) that serially inhabits bodies during the ...


Alan Sponberg

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-08-29

Maitreya Introduction The Sanskrit epithet Maitreya, or “The Benevolent One” (Pali Metteya; Sinhala Maitrī; Tib. Byam-pa = Jam-pa; Ch. Mi-le; ...

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