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Buddhism - Oxford Bibliographies

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Japan, Buddhism in

Lori Meeks

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-11-21

Buddhism in Japan Introduction European missionaries and philologists undertook the earliest Western-language studies of Japanese Buddhism. In...


Galen Amstutz

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Amitābha Introduction The three topics of Amitābha (in Japanese, Amida; in Chinese, Amituo), Pure Land Buddhism, and nembutsu are always lin...

Self, Non-Self, and Personal Identity

Matthew Kapstein

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Self, Non-Self, and Personal Identity Introduction The precise nature of the Buddha’s doctrine, as he himself may have taught it, is subject ...

Nuns, Lives, and Rules

Karma Lekshe Tsomo

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-02-26

Nuns, Lives, and Rules Introduction According to tradition, the order of Buddhist nuns (bhikṣunī sangha) began some five centuries before the ...

Literature, Chan

Jeffrey L. Broughton

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2011-11-29

Chan Literature Introduction In this survey, “Chan” (禪) refers to Chan texts produced in China from the early Tang dynasty (618–907) through t...

Cambodian Buddhism

John Marston

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Cambodian Buddhism Introduction The study of Cambodian Buddhism has less clearly coalesced as a field than studies of Buddhism in the other ma...

Tibetan Book of the Dead

Casey Alexandra Kemp

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2011-11-29

Tibetan Book of the Dead Introduction The most famous work of Tibetan literature known to the West, the Tibetan Book of the Dead (Bardo Thödol

Body, Buddhism and the

John Powers

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Buddhism and the Body Introduction Unlike some Indian religions that posit an eternal “self” (atman) that serially inhabits bodies during the ...


Alan Sponberg

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-08-29

Maitreya Introduction The Sanskrit epithet Maitreya, or “The Benevolent One” (Pali Metteya; Sinhala Maitrī; Tib. Byam-pa = Jam-pa; Ch. Mi-le; ...

Philosophy, Classical Japanese Buddhist

Masato Ishida

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Classical Japanese Buddhist Philosophy Introduction The word “philosophy,” or tetsugaku in modern Japanese, can be perceived as problematic whe...


Thomas Borchert

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-04-24

Sangha Introduction The Sangha is the Buddhist community; it is the men, women and children who follow the teachings of the Buddha. The term, w...

Art and Architecture in Japan, Buddhist

Heather Blair

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Buddhist Art and Architecture in Japan Introduction When Buddhism entered Japan in the sixth century, its sculpture, painting, architecture, ...


David Gray

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Siddhas Introduction The traditions of literature and practice associated with the siddhas, the “accomplished ones” or great masters (mahāsid...

Perfection of Wisdom

Stefano Zacchetti

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Perfection of Wisdom Introduction The Sanskrit compound Prajñāpāramitā (“Perfection of Wisdom” or “Insight”) may refer to both a set of (prima...

Texts, Dunhuang

Sam van Schaik

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-04-24

Dunhuang, Texts Introduction The archaeological sites of eastern Central Asia (comprising primarily the modern Chinese provinces of Gansu and X...

Shinto, Buddhism and

Mark Teeuwen

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Buddhism and Shinto Introduction The historical relationship between Buddhism and Shinto in Japan has been a hotly debated topic within the fi...

Ajanta Caves

Akira Shimada

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

Ajanta Caves Introduction Ajaṇṭā is a Buddhist rock-cut cave site in Aurangabad District of Maharashtra State, western India. It was discovere...

Miracles, Buddhist

David Fiordalis

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Buddhist Miracles Introduction To many ears, the expression “Buddhist miracles” remains “strangely hybrid,” adopting a phrase that Matthew Kap...

Oral and Literate Traditions

Daniel Veidlinger

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Oral and Literate Traditions Introduction The Indian world in which Buddhism arose was an oral world. The general scholarly consensus is that...

India, Mahāmudrā in

Roger Jackson

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-03-23

Mahāmudrā in India Introduction Mahāmudrā—Sanskrit for the “great seal” (Tib. phyag rgya chen po)—is best known as a system of direct meditati...

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