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Philosophy - Oxford Bibliographies

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A Priori Knowledge

Albert Casullo

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

A Priori Knowledge Introduction Questions about the existence, nature, and scope of a priori knowledge have been central to both the historical...


Michael Tooley

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-05-28

Abortion Introduction Questions concerning the moral and appropriate legal status of abortion are among the most important issues in applied e...


Adrian Haddock

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Action Introduction The philosophy of action shares with its topic a certain uncertainty of location. Is action located inside the mind or outs...

Adorno, Theodor

Lambert Zuidervaart

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-05-29

Theodor Adorno Introduction Theodor Wiesengrund Adorno (b. 1903–d. 1969) was a leading philosopher and social critic in postwar Germany. The o...

Aesthetics, Analytic Approaches to

Peter Lamarque

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Analytic Approaches to Aesthetics Introduction Aesthetics is broadly that branch of philosophy concerned with fundamental questions about the n...

Aesthetics, Continental

Clive Cazeaux

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Continental Aesthetics Introduction Aesthetics in the Continental tradition of philosophy offers some of the most stimulating and influential ...

Aesthetics, History of

Peter Lamarque

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-10-25

History of Aesthetics Introduction The first use of the term aesthetics in something like its modern sense is commonly attributed to Alexander...

Alexander, Samuel

Emily Thomas

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

Samuel Alexander Introduction Samuel Alexander (b. 1859–d. 1938) was one of the leading proponents of British emergentism, an early-20th-centu...

Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Gillian Russell

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-11-21

Analytic/Synthetic Distinction Introduction “The analytic/synthetic distinction” refers to a distinction between two kinds of truth. Synthetic...

Anarchism, Philosophical

William A. Edmundson, Bas van der Vossen

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

Philosophical Anarchism ...

Animal Rights

Mark Rowlands

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-12-19

Animal Rights Introduction The expression “animal rights” is employed in two different ways: one broad, the other narrow. When employed in the...

Anthropic Principle, The

Alasdair Richmond

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

The Anthropic Principle Introduction The enduringly controversial “anthropic principle” was baptized by Brandon Carter in 1974. Seeking a ba...

Applied Ethics

Thomas Søbirk Petersen, Jesper Ryberg

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Applied Ethics Introduction Applied ethics is a branch of ethics devoted to the treatment of moral problems, practices, and policies in perso...

Art and Knowledge

James O. Young

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

Art and Knowledge Introduction A long-standing debate in philosophy of art concerns the question of whether art is a source of knowledge. The ...

Art and Morality

Andrea Sauchelli

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

Art and Morality Introduction A great number of works of art, it is commonly claimed, are aesthetically valuable. Some philosophers have even ...


Maarten Franssen

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

Artifacts Introduction Leaving Aristotle aside, philosophical interest in artifacts as a general class of entities is recent and largely restr...


Matthew Weiner

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Assertion Introduction Assertion is one of the central kinds of speech act, typically carried out by the utterance of a declarative sentence, s...


Matt McCormick

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Atheism Introduction The term “atheist” describes a person who does not believe that God or a divine being exists. The sort of divine being t...

Aurelius, Marcus

John Sellars

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-07-28

Marcus Aurelius Introduction The Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (b. 121–d. 180) was the author of a series of philosophical reflections that ar...

Austin, J. L.

Guy Longworth

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-04-28

J. L. Austin Introduction John Langshaw Austin (b. 1911–d. 1960) was White’s Professor of Moral Philosophy at the University of Oxford. He mad...