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Hinduism - Oxford Bibliographies

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Astronomy and Mathematics

Kim Plofker

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2011-01-27

Astronomy and MathematicsIntroduction“Astronomy” and “mathematics” are names of sciences in the Western intellectual tradition that have no exact coun...

Bhakti

Tracy Coleman

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2011-01-27

Bhakti Introduction The Sanskrit term “bhakti” is generally translated as “devotion” and refers to a variety of Hindu traditions in which dev...

Rasāyana (Alchemy)

David Gordon White

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2011-01-27

Rasāyana (Alchemy) Introduction Rasāyana (the way of the rasas) is the overarching Sanskrit term employed in South Asian texts for “alchemy....

Vivekananda

Douglas McGetchin

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

Vivekananda Introduction Narendranath Datta, later known as Swami Vivekananda (b. 1863–d. 1902), was a Hindu missionary who traveled extensive...

Shaktism

June McDaniel

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2011-01-27

ShaktismIntroductionThe term “Shaktism” refers to worship of the goddess or divine female power in South Asian religions. As Saivism is the English wo...

Avatāra

Tracy Coleman

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2011-01-27

Avatāra Introduction The term avatāra is derived from the Sanskrit ava√tṝ cross down or descend, thus commonly referring to a god’s “descent”...

Cosmology

Luis González-Reimann

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2011-01-27

Cosmology Introduction This article deals with Hinduism’s views of the spatial structure and organization of the world as well as the world’s t...

Jainism, Hinduism and

Jonathan Geen

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Hinduism and Jainism Introduction For approximately 2,500 years, Hinduism and Jainism have coexisted in South Asia, leading to a long history o...

Roy, Rammohun

Polly Hazarika

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2015-04-29

Rammohun Roy Introduction Born in 1774 to a family of Brahmins from Radhanagar, Bengal, Rammohun Roy was one of the earliest supporters of the...

Defining Hinduism

Laurie Patton

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2011-01-27

Defining Hinduism Introduction The terms “Hinduism” and “Hindu” are notoriously difficult to define, and partly because of this ambiguity these...

Historical Traditions in Hindu Texts

Adam Bowles

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Historical Traditions in Hindu Texts Introduction “Hinduism has no sense of history,” or so it has been commonly thought in much of the schola...

Ardhanārīśvara

Ellen Goldberg

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Ardhanārīśvara Introduction As the androgynous aspect par excellence of the great pan-Indian god Śiva, Ardhanārīśvara (“the lord who is half w...

Sūrdās

John Stratton Hawley

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2012-04-24

Sūrdās Introduction Sūrdās (Sūradāsa, or for short, Sūr) is among the most important of India’s religious poets. He is traditionally considere...

Deities

Danielle Feller

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Deities Introduction Traditionally, the Hindu pantheon is supposed to consist of thirty-three gods (most commonly termed devas in Sanskrit): “...

Epics, Vernacular Oral

Aditya Malik

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Vernacular Oral Epics Introduction Vernacular oral epics occur in local and regional contexts all over the Indian subcontinent, engaging a ran...

Trimūrti

Greg Bailey

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2011-01-27

Trimūrti Introduction The trimūrti is a theological grouping of three gods in Sanskrit literature bringing together Brahma, Vishnu, and Shi...

Kingship

Lynn Thomas

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

Kingship ...

Nāyaṉmār

Karen Pechilis

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2012-07-24

Nāyaṉmār Introduction The term nāyaṉmār (singular, nāyaṉār) is a Tamil-language word that today generally means “leaders,” but as the term is ...

Caste

Christophe Jaffrelot

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2011-01-27

Caste Introduction Caste is one of the key concepts of Indian civilization. It gives the civilization most of its sociocultural distinctiveness...

Bhairava

Elizabeth Chalier-Visuvalingam

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2013-05-28

Bhairava Introduction Bhairava, literally “the terrifying,” hence the god of terror, has intrigued students of South Asian religion because of...

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