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In This Article Domestic Production and Consumption

  • Introduction
  • General Overviews
  • Reference Works
  • Journals
  • Document Collections
  • Treatises and Diaries
  • Newspapers
  • Conceptual Works
  • Domestic Production
  • Marketing
  • Ethnic/Racial Approaches
  • Gender Approaches
  • Ideology
  • Contexts and Comparisons

Atlantic History Domestic Production and Consumption
by
Robert DuPlessis

Introduction

In the past several decades, household production and consumption have emerged as important—and usually linked—historical subjects. Much of the scholarship is concerned with societies located around the Atlantic, though only a minority attempts either to organize research within an explicitly Atlantic framework or to discuss more than one area in the basin. More commonly, works focus on these topics within individual political units (regions, states, empires), social groups, or categories of consumer goods. Many studies encompass more than the early modern period (16th–18th centuries). But that era is typically seen as decisive, the 18th century most of all. Then, it is frequently argued, occurred a “consumer revolution” that accompanied or, in some accounts, preceded factory industrialization. Even when no consumer revolution is postulated, moreover, scholars generally agree that fundamental changes took place between about 1500 and about 1800: the wide diffusion of innovative agricultural and manufactured commodities in areas in which they had previously been unknown; the proliferation of new shopping venues and retailing techniques; the participation in household production and consumption of marketed goods by many more and more varied groups than ever before. The exciting scholarship that investigates these themes is multinational and multidisciplinary. Anglophone historians have been particularly attuned to developments in anthropology and cultural studies, their counterparts elsewhere to economics and sociology—though neither “school” is exclusive in its orientation and cross-fertilization is constant. Research into household production and consumption in the past can also be found in works on economic and cultural history. More often, these consumer and material culture histories overlap; though consumption is often defined as the processes and practices of acquiring and using, and material culture as what is acquired and used, in reality the distinctions are difficult to maintain either theoretically or empirically. This means that a multitude of competing concepts, interpretations, and approaches characterize the historical study of consumption and household production, making it a lively and rewarding field.

General Overviews

Though Braudel 1982–1984 includes much material about developments in the early modern Atlantic world, there are, as yet, no general treatments of household production and consumption in that basin. However, Brewer and Porter 1994, an influential collection mainly concerned with Europe and North America, has helped define relevant approaches, interpretations, and areas of research. Stearns 2001 is a sweeping history that includes the pre-industrial Atlantic, but its main concerns lie in more recent times and trends. More directly pertaining to the early modern centuries, if limited to Europe, Smith 2002 offers a suggestive understanding of the motivations driving changes in consumer behavior.

  • Braudel, Fernand. Civilization and Capitalism 15th–18th Century. 3 vols. New York: Harper and Row, 1982–1984.

    E-mail Citation »

    Massive, highly influential attempt to synthesize histories of economic change, material culture, and consumption on a global scale within an early version of world-systems theory.

  • Brewer, John, and Roy Porter, eds. Consumption and the World of Goods. London: Routledge, 1994.

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    Important collection of historiographical, methodological, and substantive articles on consumer goods of all sorts and the new habits and understandings they generated in the 17th and 18th centuries.

  • Smith, Woodruff D. Consumption and the Making of Respectability, 1600–1800. New York: Routledge, 2002.

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    Argues that concern for respectability and appropriate behavior, which lent a moral and political purpose to consumption, lay behind the rapidly growing demand for tropical foodstuffs (tea, coffee, sugar) and imported textiles in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries.

  • Stearns, Peter. Consumerism in World History: The Global Transformation of Desire. London: Routledge, 2001.

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    Broad-strokes overview that devotes some attention to early modern developments but focuses on the 19th and 20th centuries.

LAST MODIFIED: 05/10/2010

DOI: 10.1093/OBO/9780199730414-0032

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