The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a military alliance of North American and European democratic states founded by the North Atlantic Treaty, signed on 4 April 1949 in Washington, DC. It is a product of both the Anglo-American alliance during World War II and the conflict that emerged after 1945 between the United States and the Soviet Union over the postwar future of Europe. It was preceded by the Treaty of Brussels, signed 17 March 1948 by Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, and the United Kingdom, which was as much a hedge against the reemergence of an aggressive Germany as an anti-Soviet coalition. As the Soviet military threat to Western Europe made the Brussels states anxious to secure an American security guarantee, talks were convened that ultimately led to the creation of NATO, incorporating the five Brussels states plus the United States, Canada, Portugal, Italy, Norway, Denmark, and Iceland. In 1952 Greece and Turkey were added, and in 1955 the inclusion of the Federal Republic of Germany further strengthened NATO and made West Germany the front-line state of NATO’s confrontation with the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Treaty Organization until 1989. Since the end of the Cold War in 1991, NATO has added to its number former member states of the Warsaw Pact and former Soviet republics, so that as of 2010 its membership totals twenty-eight countries. The literature on NATO falls into four categories: journal articles dealing with NATO in all periods since its founding, literature on the Cold War Era, studies of post–Cold War change generally, and growing literature on NATO in the expeditionary era specifically.
With the exception of the NATO Review, which is both a textbook of alliance affairs and a bulletin of news, journal scholarship on NATO is evenly divided between historians and political scientists, and most of the journals listed below feature a healthy degree of cross-fertilization between those two disciplines. Cold War History, however, is dominated by historical enquiry and often engages the matter of the Cold War’s place in international history. At the opposite extreme, Survival offers articles on contemporary events and policy debates. Atlantic Community is a highly informative website on a wide array of contemporary issues. International Affairs has since 1924 routinely published articles and reviews of the widest variety on global politics; its archive therefore covers the entire history of NATO. By contrast, International Security features many more articles dealing with international-relations theory, much of which is of direct or indirect relevance to the alliance. The same can be said of European Security, with the difference that its focus on Europe gives a very high profile to NATO and related concerns. Although the Journal of Transatlantic Studies is comparatively new on the scene, its articles and reviews feature a strong representation of scholarship on NATO and related topics. The RUSI Journal is oriented toward government and military personnel, yet is approachable.
Website covering all aspects of transatlantic relations; essays, bulletins, calls for papers.
Based on the Cold War Studies Programme of the London School of Economics and publishing since 2000 scholarly articles from historians and scholars in other disciplines on every aspect of the Cold War.
Published quarterly since 1991, concerned with all aspects of European security, with many articles and reviews on NATO affairs.
The quarterly journal of the Royal Institute of International Affairs, publishing articles by scholars and policy experts aimed at specialists as well as general readers.
Well-documented articles on war and peace, contemporary security issues, diplomatic and military history, peacekeeping, arms control, nuclear forces, and strategy.
Academic quarterly published since 2002. Multidisciplinary, but dominated by history, international relations, and security studies generally and NATO’s contemporary challenges specifically.
Online journal of the alliance, featuring news, organizational bulletins, and articles on security and defense-related matters; also video and RSS feed.
Journal of the Royal United Services Institute, published since 1857, oriented toward defense and military personnel; extremely useful on NATO expeditionary operations.
Flagship journal the highly respected International Institute for Strategic Studies; routinely publishes articles on NATO and related matters.
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Please subscribe or login.
How to Subscribe
Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions and individuals. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.
Purchase an Ebook Version of This Article
Ebooks of the Oxford Bibliographies Online subject articles are available in North America via a number of retailers including Amazon, vitalsource, and more. Simply search on their sites for Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guides and your desired subject article.
If you would like to purchase an eBook article and live outside North America please email firstname.lastname@example.org to express your interest.
- Academic Theories of International Relations Since 1945
- Arab-Israeli Wars, 1967-1973, The
- Arab-Israeli Wars, The
- Arms Control
- Arms Races
- Authoritarian Regimes
- Balance of Power Theory
- Bargaining Theory of War
- Challenge of Communism, The
- China and Japan
- China's Defense Policy
- China's Foreign Policy
- Civil Society in the European Union
- Cold War, The
- Conflict Management
- Criminal Law, International
- Critical Theory of International Relations
- Cuban Missile Crisis, The
- Cyber Warfare
- Demobilization, Post World War I
- Democracies and World Order
- Democracy in World Politics
- Deterrence Theory
- Diplomacy, History of
- Diplomacy, Public
- Eastern Front (World War I)
- Economics, International
- Embedded Liberalism
- Epidemic Diseases and their Effects on History
- European Migration Policy
- European Security and Defense Policy, The
- European Union as an International Actor
- European Union, International Relations of the
- Fascism, The Challenge of
- Foreign Policy, Theories of
- French Empire, 20th-Century
- Game Theory and Interstate Conflict
- Genocides, 20th Century
- Geopolitics and Geostrategy
- Germany in World War II
- Global Civil Society
- Global Constitutionalism
- Global Environmental Politics
- Global Governance
- Global Justice, Western Perspectives
- Greater Middle East, The
- Hague Conferences (1899, 1907)
- Human Rights
- Human Rights and Humanitarian Diplomacy
- Human Rights Law
- Internal Displacement
- International Conflict Settlements, The Durability of
- International Criminal Court, The
- International Economic Organizations (IMF and World Bank)
- International Health Governance
- International Justice, Theories of
- International Law
- International Monetary Relations, History of
- International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution
- International Nongovernmental Organizations
- International Organizations
- International Relations as a Social Science
- International Relations Theory
- International Security
- International Society
- International Society, Theorizing
- Internet Law
- Interstate Cooperation Theory and International Institutio...
- Intervention and Use of Force
- Just War Theory
- Law of the Sea
- Laws of War
- Leadership in International Affairs
- League of Nations
- Military Science
- Minority Rights
- Multilateralism (1992–), Return to
- National Liberation, International Law and Wars of
- National Security Act of 1947, The
- NATO, Europe, and Russia: Security Issues and the Border R...
- New Multilateralism in the Early 21st Century
- Nonproliferation and Counterproliferation
- Peace of Utrecht
- Peacebuilding, Post-Conflict
- Power Transition Theory
- Preventive War and Preemption
- Prisoners, Treatment of
- Responsibility to Protect
- Russian Revolutions and Civil War, 1917-1921
- Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), The
- Soviet Union in World War II
- Space Strategy, Policy, and Power
- State Theory in International Relations
- Strategic Air Power
- Strategic and Net Assessments
- Sustainable Development
- Theories of International Relations, Feminist
- Theory, Chinese International Relations
- Trade Law
- Transnational Actors
- United Nations, The
- US and Africa
- Vienna Conventions on Diplomacy and Consular Relations
- War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714)
- Western Balkans
- Western Front (World War I)
- Westphalia, Peace of (1648)
- World Economy 1919-1939
- World Polity School
- World War II Diplomacy and Political Relations