Politics and Policy in Contemporary Argentina
- LAST REVIEWED: 04 May 2015
- LAST MODIFIED: 22 April 2013
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199756223-0064
- LAST REVIEWED: 04 May 2015
- LAST MODIFIED: 22 April 2013
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199756223-0064
Argentina is a fascinating and intriguing case to study politics and policies. Its history is representative of general trends in the Latin American Southern Cone, although, it is also distinctive in paradoxical ways. Its passage from a rich young republic ranked among the top ten economies of the world at the beginning of the 20th century to a declining and crisis-ridden economy ruled by authoritarian and flawed democratic regimes has raised questions about the incapacity to overcome chronic political and economic problems. Within the developing world, Argentina stands out as a case of reversal of development compounded by political instability and violence. As in other Latin American countries, the impact of global trends has highlighted new dimensions of these problems since the 1980s. The annotated bibliography compiled in this essay offers a sample of those old and new academic concerns. It starts with general works that provide background information about politics and policy in Argentina, followed by two sections focusing on the most recent political and economic processes, namely, the transition from authoritarianism to democracy in the early 1980s and from a state-centered economic model to a market-centered one in the early 1990s. From the outset of these dramatic transformations, a number of topics gathered scholars’ attention. Thus, the unfolding of these two transitions encouraged extensive research on their timing, modality, impact, and related processes and actors, such as the new role adopted by the military and political parties; the socioeconomic changes involved in those transformations; the challenges of strengthening democratic institutions; the evolution of the political party system in general and of Peronism in particular; the dynamics of electoral processes; the causes and consequences of the 2001 crisis; the emergence of new forms of social protest and political mobilization; and the implications of new policies being implemented. These issues help to structure the rest of the essay around various sections. Each of them contains a selected number of works in Spanish and English. Rather than a complete, comprehensive list of annotations, each section compiles a selection of studies addressing different dimensions of the topic and presenting complementary and/or contrasting points of view. Two comparative sections are included at the end to provide an overview of works that contextualize the unique features of Argentine politics and policies in the regional and international context. The comparisons also help to identify lessons from the Argentine case that may illuminate other cases in the region and beyond.
There is a considerable number of works that provide broad overviews of Argentina’s history and the evolution of some policy issues. Palacio 1984 is one of the most comprehensive historical overviews available in Spanish, covering major developments since the first settlements in the Río de la Plata area up to 1976. Brown 2002 takes a similar starting point but focuses on the role of agricultural activities in situating the country in international markets competitively by the second half of the 19th century. Rock 1985 goes from the colonial times to the early 1980s, tracing sociopolitical and economic facts to account for Argentina’s erratic path. Romero 2002 offers a comprehensive historical account of Argentina’s history in the 20th century, including a thorough analysis of the role of the state as provider of public goods and guardian of the political order. Randall 1978 provides the background on Argentine economics during the 20th century, giving special consideration to the role of recurrent crises and reversal of economic policies in the explanation of economic development. Haverland 2009 concentrates on political, social, and economic issues, with special emphasis on the socioeconomic impact of globalization in Argentina’s society. A different perspective is offered in Calvert and Calvert 1989: it examines cultural variables to explain Argentina’s political instability and erratic economic performance. Lewis 1990 analyzes the role of the capitalist class, along with its evolution and relation with other key social actors throughout most of the 20th century.
Brown, Jonathan. Historia socioeconómica de la Argentina, 1776–1860. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo XXI de Argentina Editores, 2002.
This research begins with a discussion of the colonial economy in the Río de la Plata area. It then focuses on the industrial markets for Argentine raw materials, the role of Buenos Aires in regional and international trade, the expansion of production in the Pampa, and the socioeconomic situation of the interior.
Calvert, Susan, and Peter Calvert. Argentina: Political Culture and Instability. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1989.
The author presents an account of Argentina, a country blessed with immense natural resources but that has so far failed to justify expectations. The cultural and political heritage is examined to help explain the political instability and economic underdevelopment of the country. Culture, Catholicism, liberalism, and personalism are among the influences discussed.
Haverland, Jeanne B., ed. Argentina: Economic, Political and Social Issues. New York: Nova Science, 2009.
This book concentrates on the economic, political, and social issues facing Argentina. Specifically, it discusses the social consequences of globalization in Buenos Aires, the socioeconomic effect of the most recent economic crisis, rural development, education, and human rights.
Lewis, Paul H. The Crisis of Argentine Capitalism. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990.
This study describes the Argentine capitalists, their development, and their relationships with other groups that impinge upon them. The period covered is roughly from the turn of the 20th century through the first half of President Raúl Alfonsín’s administration.
Palacio, Ernesto. Historia de la Argentina, 1515–1976. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Abeledo-Perrot, 1984.
This book is a detailed historical narrative of Argentina beginning with the arrival of the first Europeans, through the Spanish colonial period, independence, national consolidation, and the 20th century until 1976.
Randall, Laura. An Economic History of Argentina in the Twentieth Century. New York: Columbia University Press, 1978.
This book gives a general background of the Argentine economy during the 20th century. The author argues that since World War I, Argentina has not been part of any other nation’s economic empire and therefore economically independent in all essentials. She also argues that specific government policies are key variables in explaining past economic development.
Rock, David. Argentina, 1516–1982: From Spanish Colonization to the Falklands War. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.
In this comprehensive history, David Rock analyzes the early colonial history of Argentina, pointing to the colonial forms established during Spanish colonization as the source for Argentina’s continued dependence on foreign commercial and investment partnerships. The collapse of Argentina’s western European ties after World War II is subsequently seen as the underlying cause for her current economic and political crisis.
Romero, Luis Alberto. A History of Argentina in the Twentieth Century. Translated by James P. Brennan. University Park: Pennsylvania State University, 2002.
This book provides an overview of Argentina’s recent history and of the country’s problems. It addresses Argentina’s place in the world in the early 21st century; the characteristics, functions, and instruments that the state must have to ensure social welfare, regulate the economy, and establish justice; and the characteristics of a political system that is capable of ensuring democracy.
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Please subscribe or login.
How to Subscribe
Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.
Purchase an Ebook Version of This Article
Ebooks of the Oxford Bibliographies Online subject articles are available in North America via a number of retailers including Amazon, vitalsource, and more. Simply search on their sites for Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guides and your desired subject article.
If you would like to purchase an eBook article and live outside North America please email email@example.com to express your interest.
- Advanced Democracies, Electoral System Reform in
- Advanced Democracies, Public Opinion and Public Policy in
- Advertising and Election Campaigns in the United States
- Africa, Comparative Politics of
- American Indian Politics
- Arab-Israel Conflict, The
- Arendt, Hannah
- Aristotle's Political Thought
- Australia and New Zealand, Comparative Politics of
- Authoritarianism in Russia
- Bicameralism in Stable Democracies
- Biopolitics and State Regulation of Human Life
- Brazilian Political Development
- Business-State Relations in Europe
- Canadian Foreign Policy
- Candidate Emergence and Recruitment
- Channels of Electoral Representation in Advanced Industria...
- China's One-Child Policy
- China-Taiwan Relations
- Chinese Communist Party
- Chinese Nationalism
- Civil Society in South Asia
- Civil War in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Civil-Military Relations in Asia
- Civil-Military Relations in Latin America
- Class in American Politics
- Comparative Capitalism Theory
- Comparative Industrial Relations in Europe
- Comparative Politics of Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea-Bis...
- Comparative Politics of Chile and Uruguay
- Comparative Politics of Federalism
- Comparative Politics of the Middle East and North Africa
- Congress, Defense, and Foreign Policy
- Congressional Reassertion of Authority
- Conservative Litigation Strategies and Groups in US Judici...
- Corruption in China
- Cosmopolitan Political Thought
- Crisis of European Integration in Historical Perspective, ...
- Critical Theory and the Frankfurt School
- Cuban Political Development
- Cycles of Protest
- Democracy and Authoritarianism in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Democracy and Dictatorship in Central Asia
- Democracy in Latin America
- Democratic Citizenship
- Democratic Peace Theory
- Democratic Theory
- Democratization in Africa
- Democratization in Central America
- Democratization in Mexico
- Development of Survey Research
- Direct Democracy in the United States
- East Africa, Politics of
- Economic Voting
- Election Forecasting
- Election Laws in Democracies
- Electoral and Party System Development in Sub-Saharan Afri...
- Electoral Change in Latin America
- Emotion and Racial Attitudes in Contemporary American Poli...
- Environmental Governance
- Environmental Politics among Advanced Industrial Democraci...
- Ethnic Diasporas and US Foreign Policy
- Ethnic Politics
- Eurasia, Comparative Politics of
- European Social Democracy
- European Union, Politics of the
- Failed and Weak States in Theory and Practice
- Far-Right Parties in Europe
- Federalism in the United States
- Field Experiments
- Filibuster, The
- Gender and Electoral Politics in the United States
- Gender and International Relations
- Gender, Behavior, and Representation
- Global Inequality
- Globalization and the Welfare State
- Globalization, Health Crises, and Health Care
- Governance in Africa
- Governmental Responses to Political Corruption
- Gridlock and Divided Government in the U.S.
- Historiography of Twentieth-Century American Conservatism,...
- Hobbes’s Political Thought
- Hume’s Political Thought
- Hybrid Regimes
- Identity and Political Behavior
- Immigrant Incorporation in Canada
- Immigrant Incorporation in Western Europe
- Immigration and International Relations
- Impact of Campaign Contributions on Congressional Behavior...
- Implicit Attitudes in Public Opinion
- Income Dynamics and Politics in North America and Europe
- Income Inequality and Advanced Democracies
- Income Inequality in the United States, The Politics of
- Indian Democracy
- Indigenous Rights and Governance in Canada, Australia, and...
- Informal Practices of Accountability in Urban Africa
- Institutional Change in Advanced Democracies
- Intellectual Property in International Relations
- Interest Groups and Inequality in the United States
- Interest Groups in American Politics
- International Conflict Management
- International Criminal Justice
- International Law
- International NGOs
- International Political Economy of Illegal Drugs
- Internet and Politics, The
- Iran, Political Development of
- Israeli Politics
- Judicial Supremacy and National Judicial Review
- Kant's Political Thought
- Labor Politics in East Asia
- Land Reform in Latin America
- Latin America, Democratic Transitions in
- Latin America, Environmental Policy and Politics in
- Latin America, Guerrilla Insurgencies in
- Latin America, Social Movements in
- Legal Mobilization
- LGBT Politics in the United States
- Liberal Pluralism
- Local Governments in the United States
- Machiavelli’s Political Thought
- Marx's Political Thought
- Mechanisms of Representation
- Media Effects in Politics
- Media Politics in South Asia
- Minority Political Engagement and Representation in the Un...
- Modern Dynastic Rule
- Modern Elections and Voting Behavior in Europe
- National Interbranch Politics in the United States
- NATO, Politics of
- Neoclassical Realism
- New Institutionalism Revisited, The
- North America, Comparative Politics of
- Oil, Politics of
- Origins and Impact of Proportional Representation, The
- Outcomes of Social Movements and Protest Activities
- Partisan and Nonpartisan Theories of Organization in the U...
- Partisan Polarization in the US Congress
- Partisan Polarization in the US Electorate
- Party Networks
- Peace Operations
- Personality and Politics
- Plato's Political Thought
- Policy Responsiveness to Public Opinion
- Political Economy of Financial Regulation in Advanced Ind...
- Political Economy of Taxation, The
- Political Geography in American Politics
- Political Obligation
- Political Parties and Electoral Politics of Japan
- Political Thought, Hegel's
- Political Thought of the American Founders, The
- Politics and Policy in Contemporary Argentina
- Politics of Anti-Americanism
- Politics of Disaster Prevention and Management
- Politics of Financial Crises
- Politics of Foreign Direct Investment in South Asia
- Politics of Higher Education in the U.S.
- Politics of Internal Conquest in the United States and Can...
- Politics of Japan
- Politics of Natural Disasters, The
- Politics of North Korea
- Politics of Science and Technology
- Politics of South Africa
- Politics of Southern Africa
- Postcolonialism and International Relations
- Post-Communist Democratization
- Preferential Trade Agreements, Politics of
- Presidential Persuasion and Public Opinion
- Presidential Primaries and Caucuses
- Public Opinion in Advanced Industrial Democracies
- Public Opinion in New Democracies and Developing Nations
- Qualitative Methods, The Renewal of
- Race in American Political Thought
- Regime Transitions and Variation in Post-Communist Europe
- Regional Integration in Latin America
- Regional Security
- Regulating Food Production
- Religion in American Political Thought
- Religion in Contemporary Political Thought
- Religion, Politics, and Civic Engagement in the United Sta...
- Rousseau's Political Thought
- Rule of Law
- Russia and the West
- Science and Democracy
- Social Policy and Immigrant Integration
- South Korea, Politics of
- Spectacle, The
- State Building in Sub-Saharan Africa
- State Formation
- State, The Nature of the
- Supreme Court of the United States, The
- Systemic Theories of International Politics
- Taiwan, Politics of
- Tea Party, The
- The New Right in American Political Thought
- Transitional Justice
- Turkey, Political Development of
- US Military Bases Abroad
- US Presidency, The
- Voter Turnout
- Welfare State Development
- Welfare State Development in Latin America
- Welfare State Development in Western Europe
- West Africa, Politics of
- Worker Politics in China
- Youth and Generational Differences in US Politics