In This Article Immigrant Populations

  • Introduction
  • General Overviews
  • Reference Works
  • Handbooks and Guides
  • Journals
  • The Immigrant Health Paradox
  • Surveillance
  • Refugee Health
  • Risk Factors
  • Resilience and Vulnerabilities
  • Acculturation and Adaptation
  • Family
  • Social Justice Perspectives

Public Health Immigrant Populations
by
Hector G. Balcazar, Holly J. Mata
  • LAST REVIEWED: 15 June 2015
  • LAST MODIFIED: 22 April 2013
  • DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199756797-0034

Introduction

The phenomenon of immigration is as old as humanity itself. Movement of people into and out of their habitats has been a necessity and a way of adapting to new environments. As boundaries and borders became increasingly recognized in the development of villages, regions, countries, and lifestyles, the concept of immigration became an established cultural, political, and economic reality worldwide. Movement of people is by no means a new phenomenon and has implications in diverse realms including legal, social, and economic arenas. The demography of immigration provided the impetus to view the immigrant in the context of an intricate and elaborate pattern of behaviors that had direct consequences for the well-being of that immigrant, as well as sociocultural implications for the new and former environments. This article examines the phenomenon of immigrant populations as a public health imperative. Taking a social justice approach, this article envisions the immigration experience as a complex set of positive and negative consequences for people as well as for the places and countries that are affected by their movement. Through reference works, textbooks, and journals and literature that address immigrant populations from public health and social justice perspectives, this article highlights the public health significance in the context of the complex array of challenges and opportunities experienced by immigrant populations individually, collectively, regionally, and globally.

General Overviews

The World Health Organization (WHO) has many comprehensive resources related to immigrant health; both WHO 2010 and WHO 2008 provide strategies and frameworks to promote immigrant health. Two such frameworks are presented in the works highlighted by the WHO in the citations that follow. WHO 2010 provides an operational framework consisting of four thematic areas: monitoring migrant’s health; policy and legal frameworks; migrant-sensitive health systems; and networks, partnerships, and multicountry frameworks. WHO 2008 includes six thematic areas as a strategic approach for addressing migrant health as a worldwide phenomenon: (1) migration flows in the globalized world; (2) basic principles of a public health approach; (3) determinants; (4) health issues; (5) health systems; and (6) strategies for improving health of migrants. McKay, et al. 2003 provides a comprehensive literature review, and Castañeda 2010 offers an anthropological perspective on immigration and health.

back to top

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Please subscribe or login.

How to Subscribe

Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.

Purchase an Ebook Version of This Article

Ebooks of the Oxford Bibliographies Online subject articles are available in North America via a number of retailers including Amazon, vitalsource, and more. Simply search on their sites for Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guides and your desired subject article.

If you would like to purchase an eBook article and live outside North America please email onlinemarketing@oup.com to express your interest.

Article

Up

Down