- LAST REVIEWED: 21 October 2016
- LAST MODIFIED: 27 November 2013
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199756797-0064
- LAST REVIEWED: 21 October 2016
- LAST MODIFIED: 27 November 2013
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199756797-0064
Migration is a historic process that has increased dramatically in scale and scope in recent decades. There are more than 214 million international migrants worldwide. This global movement of people has implications for both individual and public health. United Nations Human Development Programme 2009 (cited under Policy and Health) suggests that overall, migration benefits people who move toward increased economic and education opportunities, but migrants also frequently face barriers to local health and social services. In addition to access issues, migrants moving across social and disease prevalence gradients face an array of unique health risks. The UN post-2015 agenda reflects these concerns in its recognition of the gap in funding and research for mobile and undocumented migrants who face increasingly restrictive rights and services. This article will consider general overviews and key reference works on migrant health, as well as textbooks, anthologies, and journals including sections on migrant health services. It will also provide references to definitions in the field of migration, models, the multiple dimensions that contribute to or detract from migrant health, and the role of human rights-based approaches and interdisciplinary approaches in reducing inequities in access and health outcomes for migrant populations. Irregular migrant health references pertaining to priority areas for future funding and research will also be provided. While a limitation of some sections is a paucity of non-Western resources, international and multilingual references are incorporated wherever possible. This article will be of interest to a broad range of readers, including scholars, policymakers, public health professionals, and health-care practitioners.
Migrant health is a relatively new discipline that has emerged from the fields of tropical medicine and public health, medical anthropology, and health equity The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration (Ness and Bellwood 2013) provides a comprehensive, thematic exploration of human migration from prehistory to the present day. As with all new disciplines, the nomenclature surrounding types of migrants, types of migration, and national programs for migrants has been a stumbling block in relation to international comparisons. Gushulak and MacPherson 2006 has helped lay a solid foundation for migrant health nomenclature. In recent years, works by migrant health practitioners such as Walker and Barnett 2007 has provided practical reviews of health conditions that commonly affect migrant health. Most recently, Pottie, et al. 2011 used the GRADE approach (Grading of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) to develop a series of evidence-based clinical recommendations to guide practitioners and public health professionals in serving migrant populations. Content covers: infectious diseases; mental health and physical and emotional maltreatment; chronic non-communicable diseases; and women’s health. Rechel, et al. 2011 provides a European Union perspective to the authors’ overview of migrant health, and the World Migration Report (International Organization for Migration 2013) provides important demographic data on global migration.
Gushulak, Brian, and Douglas MacPherson. 2006. Migration medicine and health: Principles and practice. Hamilton, Canada: B. C. Decker
Explores how travel, complex emergencies, and various forms of migration shape our world and impact health services and public health policies. A useful introduction for university students interested in the role of population mobility and types of migration, migrant health nomenclature, and global burden of disease in the context of population mobility.
Ness, Immanuel, and Peter Bellwood, eds. The encyclopedia of global human migration. 5 vols. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.
Authoritarian source for students and professionals, this five-volume collection (also available online) explores the prominent themes, events, and theoretical foundations of human migration with a global––rather than Western––perspective. It includes thematic interpretations and theories of migration and scholarly interpretations that have reshaped the way historians and social scientists analyze and map the past.
International Organization for Migration. World migration report 2013. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Migration.
The International Organization for Migration is a world leading organization that produces an annual report on world migration. This annual report includes data on demographics and movement of populations for policymakers and academics.
Pottie, Kevin, Christina Greenaway, John Feightner, et al. 2011. Evidence-based guidelines for new immigrants and refugees. Canadian Medical Association Journal 183.12: E824–E8925.
Peer reviewed, evidence-based syntheses on twenty selected diseases for which there were perceived or real equity gaps in the Canadian immigrant population and for which potential health interventions exist. Clinical guidelines focus on infectious diseases, mental health and maltreatment, chronic and non-communicable diseases, and women’s health.
Rechel, Bernd, Philipa Mladovsky, Walter Devillé, Barbara Rijks, Roumyana Petrova-Benedict, and Martin McKee. Migration and health in the European Union. Maidenhead, UK: Open Univ. Press, 2011.
Explores migration and health in the European Union with a focus on rights to health, barriers to health services access, health issues faced by migrants, and policy implications and recommendations based on examples of best practice.
Walker, Patricia, and Elizabeth Barnett, eds. 2007. Immigrant medicine. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.
The first comprehensive book supporting health practitioners caring for immigrant and refugee populations. Contains practical and clinically relevant information and considerations with a strong focus on primary care. Useful advice on screening and vaccination, as well as many maps and tables to help estimate global foci of disease prevalence.
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- Access to Health Care
- Action Research
- Active Aging
- Active Living
- Adolescent Risk-Taking Behavior in the United States
- Advocacy, Public Health
- Agricultural Safety and Public Health
- Air Quality: Health Effects
- Air Quality: Indoor Health Effects
- Alcohol Availability and Violence
- Alternative Research Designs
- Ambient Air Quality Standards and Guidelines
- American Perspectives on Chronic Disease and Control
- Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)
- Asthma in Children
- Attachment as a Health Determinant
- Behavior Change Theory in Health Education and Promotion
- Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance
- Bicycling and Cycling Safety
- Birth and Death Registration
- Birth Cohort Studies
- Board of Health
- Built Environment and Health, The
- Business and Corporate Practices
- Cancer Communication Strategies in North America
- Cancer Prevention
- Cancer Screening
- Capacity Building
- Capacity Building for NCDs in LMICs
- Capacity-Building for Applied Public Health in LMIC: A US ...
- Cardiovascular Health and Disease
- Child Maltreatment
- Children, Air Pollution and
- Children, Injury Risk-Taking Behaviors in
- Children, Obesity in
- Citizen Advisory Boards
- Climate Change and Human Health
- Climate Change: Institutional Response
- Clinical Preventive Medicine
- Community Air Pollution
- Community Development
- Community Gardens
- Community Health Assessment
- Community Partnerships and Coalitions
- Community-Based Participatory Research
- Complexity and Systems Theory
- Definition of Health
- Dental Public Health
- Design and Health
- Dietary Guidelines
- Ecological Approaches
- Enabling Factors
- Environmental Laws
- Environmental Protection Agency
- Ethics of Public Health
- Evidence-Based Public Health Practice
- Family Planning Services and Birth Control
- Food Safety
- Food Security and Food Banks
- Food Systems
- Frail Elderly
- Functional Literacy
- Genomics, Public Health
- Geographic Information Systems
- Geography and Health
- Global Health
- Global Health Diplomacy
- Global Health Promotion
- Guide to Community Preventive Services, The
- Health Administration
- Health Communication
- Health Disparities
- Health Education
- Health Impact Assessment
- Health in All Policies
- Health in All Policies in European Countries
- Health Literacy
- Health Literacy and Non-Communicable Diseases
- Health Measurement Scales
- Health Planning
- Health Promoting Hospitals
- Health Promotion
- Health Promotion Workforce Capacity
- Healthy People Initiative
- Hepatitis C
- High Risk Prevention Strategies
- Human Rights, Health and
- Immigrant Populations
- Immunization and Pneumococcal Infection
- Indigenous Peoples, Public Health and
- Indigenous Populations of North America, Australasia, and ...
- Indoor Air Quality Guidelines
- Internet Applications in Promoting Health Behavior
- Intersectoral Strategies in Low - Middle Income Countries ...
- Justice, Social
- Knowledge Translation and Exchange
- Knowledge Utilization and Exchange
- Law of Public Health in the United States
- Media Advocacy
- Mental Health
- Mental Health Promotion
- Migrant Health
- Motor Vehicle Injury Prevention
- Multi-Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis
- National Association of Local Boards of Health
- National Public Health Institutions
- Needs Assessment
- Obesity Prevention
- Occupational Cancers
- Occupational Safety and Health
- Ottawa Charter
- Parenting and Work
- Parenting Skills and Capacity
- Participatory Action Research
- Patient Decision Making
- Pesticide Exposure and Pesticide Health Effects
- Physical Activity and Exercise
- Physical Activity Promotion
- Polio Eradication in Pakistan
- Population Aging
- Population Determinants of Unhealthy Foods and Beverages
- Population Health Objectives and Targets
- Precautionary Principle
- Prenatal Health
- Program Evaluation in American Health Education
- Program Planning and Evaluation
- Public Health, History of
- Public Health Surveillance
- Public-Private Partnerships in Public Health Research and ...
- Public-Private Partnerships to Prevent and Manage Obesity ...
- Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment
- Radiological and Nuclear Emergencies
- Randomized Controlled Trials
- Real World Evaluation Strategies
- Reducing Obesity-Related Health Disparities in Hispanic an...
- Rural Health in the United States
- Safety, Patient
- Sex Education in HIV/AIDS Prevention
- Skin Cancer Prevention
- Smoking Cessation
- Social Determinants of Health
- Social Epidemiology
- Social Marketing
- Statistics in Public Health
- Systems in the United States, Public Health
- Systems Theory in Public Health
- Traditional, Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative M...
- Translation of Science to Practice and Policy
- Traumatic Stress and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
- Tuberculosis among Adults and the Determinants of Health
- Unintentional Injury Prevention
- Urban Health
- Vaccine Hesitancy
- Violence Prevention
- Water Quality
- Water Quality and Water-Related Disease
- Weight Management in US Occupational Settings
- Worksite Health Promotion