- LAST REVIEWED: 15 June 2015
- LAST MODIFIED: 22 April 2013
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199756797-0099
- LAST REVIEWED: 15 June 2015
- LAST MODIFIED: 22 April 2013
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199756797-0099
Food safety is a broad term that is associated with how food is grown, harvested, stored, shipped, processed, and prepared. This includes commercial preparation for large-scale operations, as well as restaurants and school cafeterias, and preparing food in private homes. Food safety includes the prevention of microbial diseases as well as environmental contamination from pesticides on the farm and commercial or industrial chemicals and hazardous waste. Food safety laws are complicated in most developed countries; in the United States, for example, there are multiple agencies responsible for coordinating and enforcing the food safety laws, labels, and standards. Food safety is regulated at the federal level for issues such as food additives and pesticide residues, as well as at the community level through local health departments and health commissions, which are responsible for enforcing laws regarding the cleanliness of food preparation areas, expiration dates and storage of milk products and eggs, and many other standards. Food safety issues are important in developed and developing countries. Wholesome food is the right of every citizen in every society.
The topic of food safety is general and wide-ranging. The introductory references listed here provide a comprehensive overview. Yiannas 2010 provides a field-to-fork overview of sanitation practices and behaviors needed to assure a safe food supply. Juneja and Sofos 2010 provides a good overview of the many pathogens and toxins that can affect food safety and discusses remedial efforts to avoid contamination. Doyle and Erickson 2008 provides a thorough look at food risks related to imported food. Nestle 2003 provides a broad look at the politics, the science, and the policy issues associated with food safety. Unnevehr and Hirschhorn 2000 is a World Bank briefing document that describes the investments made for food safety on a global scale.
Doyle, Michael P., and Marilyn C. Erickson, eds. 2008. Imported foods: Microbiological issues and challenges. Emerging Issues in Food Safety series. Washington, DC: ASM.
Global perspectives on food safety regulations for imported foods, disease outbreaks, and sanitation and hygiene deficiencies as contributing factors in the contamination of imported foods. Discusses the role of programs to improve the microbiological safety of imported foods and the impact of imported foods on the US food supply.
Juneja, Vijay, and John Sofos, eds. 2010. Pathogens and toxins in foods: Challenges and interventions. Washington, DC: ASM.
This text provides a wide range of topics with specific information on particular toxins and pathogens, the illnesses they cause, as well as the environmental and physical conditions that effect their growth. The text also provides information on detection, measurement, and control of food pathogens and guidelines for controlling them. Included are farm-to-table issues as well as information on global food safety.
Nestle, Marion. 2003. Safe food: Bacteria, biotechnology, and bioterrorism. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
Provides the political perspective of food safety. Offers historical accounts, government oversight, consumer concern, and the future of food safety. Emphasizes how the food industry influences what people eat. Discusses issues of risk, benefit, and control as well as political questions on policy and controls of the food supply.
Unnevehr, Laurian, and Nancy Hirschhorn. 2000. Food safety issues in the developing world. Washington, DC: World Bank.
A document based on a World Bank project, this offers a brief overview of food safety as it relates to the developing world. Provides an introduction, then evaluates investments to improve food safety and concludes with lessons learned from the project experience and a list of organizations available.
Yiannas, Frank. 2010. Food safety culture: Creating a behavior-based food safety management system. New York: Springer.
Provides a comprehensive discussion on food safety and sanitation practices beginning with the producer and through the supply, retail, and restaurant outlets. The book uses a systems approach and behavioral change approach in dealing with a variety of food safety issues.
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Please subscribe or login.
How to Subscribe
Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.
Purchase an Ebook Version of This Article
Ebooks of the Oxford Bibliographies Online subject articles are available in North America via a number of retailers including Amazon, vitalsource, and more. Simply search on their sites for Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guides and your desired subject article.
If you would like to purchase an eBook article and live outside North America please email firstname.lastname@example.org to express your interest.
- Access to Health Care
- Action Research
- Active Aging
- Active Living
- Adolescent Risk-Taking Behavior in the United States
- Advocacy, Public Health
- Agricultural Safety and Public Health
- Air Quality: Health Effects
- Air Quality: Indoor Health Effects
- Alcohol Availability and Violence
- Alternative Research Designs
- Ambient Air Quality Standards and Guidelines
- American Perspectives on Chronic Disease and Control
- Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)
- Asthma in Children
- Attachment as a Health Determinant
- Behavior Change Theory in Health Education and Promotion
- Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance
- Bicycling and Cycling Safety
- Birth and Death Registration
- Birth Cohort Studies
- Board of Health
- Built Environment and Health, The
- Business and Corporate Practices
- Cancer Communication Strategies in North America
- Cancer Prevention
- Cancer Screening
- Capacity Building
- Capacity Building for NCDs in LMICs
- Capacity-Building for Applied Public Health in LMIC: A US ...
- Cardiovascular Health and Disease
- Child Maltreatment
- Children, Air Pollution and
- Children, Injury Risk-Taking Behaviors in
- Children, Obesity in
- Citizen Advisory Boards
- Climate Change and Human Health
- Climate Change: Institutional Response
- Clinical Preventive Medicine
- Community Air Pollution
- Community Development
- Community Gardens
- Community Health Assessment
- Community Partnerships and Coalitions
- Community-Based Participatory Research
- Complexity and Systems Theory
- Definition of Health
- Dental Public Health
- Design and Health
- Dietary Guidelines
- Ecological Approaches
- Enabling Factors
- Environmental Laws
- Environmental Protection Agency
- Ethics of Public Health
- Evidence-Based Public Health Practice
- Family Planning Services and Birth Control
- Food Safety
- Food Security and Food Banks
- Food Systems
- Frail Elderly
- Functional Literacy
- Genomics, Public Health
- Geographic Information Systems
- Geography and Health
- Global Health
- Global Health Diplomacy
- Global Health Promotion
- Guide to Community Preventive Services, The
- Health Administration
- Health Communication
- Health Disparities
- Health Education
- Health Impact Assessment
- Health in All Policies
- Health in All Policies in European Countries
- Health Literacy
- Health Literacy and Non-Communicable Diseases
- Health Measurement Scales
- Health Planning
- Health Promoting Hospitals
- Health Promotion
- Health Promotion Workforce Capacity
- Healthy People Initiative
- Hepatitis C
- High Risk Prevention Strategies
- Human Rights, Health and
- Immigrant Populations
- Immunization and Pneumococcal Infection
- Indigenous Peoples, Public Health and
- Indigenous Populations of North America, Australasia, and ...
- Indoor Air Quality Guidelines
- Internet Applications in Promoting Health Behavior
- Intersectoral Strategies in Low - Middle Income Countries ...
- Justice, Social
- Knowledge Translation and Exchange
- Knowledge Utilization and Exchange
- Law of Public Health in the United States
- Media Advocacy
- Mental Health
- Mental Health Promotion
- Migrant Health
- Motor Vehicle Injury Prevention
- Multi-Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis
- National Association of Local Boards of Health
- National Public Health Institutions
- Needs Assessment
- Obesity Prevention
- Occupational Cancers
- Occupational Safety and Health
- Ottawa Charter
- Parenting and Work
- Parenting Skills and Capacity
- Participatory Action Research
- Patient Decision Making
- Pesticide Exposure and Pesticide Health Effects
- Physical Activity and Exercise
- Physical Activity Promotion
- Polio Eradication in Pakistan
- Population Aging
- Population Determinants of Unhealthy Foods and Beverages
- Population Health Objectives and Targets
- Precautionary Principle
- Prenatal Health
- Program Evaluation in American Health Education
- Program Planning and Evaluation
- Public Health, History of
- Public Health Surveillance
- Public-Private Partnerships in Public Health Research and ...
- Public-Private Partnerships to Prevent and Manage Obesity ...
- Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment
- Radiological and Nuclear Emergencies
- Randomized Controlled Trials
- Real World Evaluation Strategies
- Reducing Obesity-Related Health Disparities in Hispanic an...
- Rural Health in the United States
- Safety, Patient
- Sex Education in HIV/AIDS Prevention
- Skin Cancer Prevention
- Smoking Cessation
- Social Determinants of Health
- Social Epidemiology
- Social Marketing
- Statistics in Public Health
- Systems in the United States, Public Health
- Systems Theory in Public Health
- Traditional, Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative M...
- Translation of Science to Practice and Policy
- Traumatic Stress and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
- Tuberculosis among Adults and the Determinants of Health
- Unintentional Injury Prevention
- Urban Health
- Vaccine Hesitancy
- Violence Prevention
- Water Quality
- Water Quality and Water-Related Disease
- Weight Management in US Occupational Settings
- Worksite Health Promotion