- LAST REVIEWED: 14 October 2016
- LAST MODIFIED: 28 May 2013
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199756797-0116
- LAST REVIEWED: 14 October 2016
- LAST MODIFIED: 28 May 2013
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199756797-0116
Worldwide, there are approximately one billion adult smokers, and each year tobacco use kills nearly six million individuals. Smoking harms nearly every organ in the body, and it results in death for nearly half of all lifetime users. The negative health impacts of smoking are now widely known, and quitting provides immediate, long-term health benefits. While most current smokers want to quit, quitting is difficult and often takes multiple attempts, but it is not impossible. In fact, in the United States and in many other developed countries, there are more ex-smokers than there are current smokers. There are various ways to quit smoking, including self-quit methods, often called “cold turkey,” or through various support systems. Most smokers who successfully quit smoking report doing so on their own, without any formal support programs. However, recent research evidence shows that broad tobacco control efforts, such as increases in the excise tax on tobacco products, clean indoor air laws, restrictions on marketing and advertising, and the declining social acceptability of tobacco use, have all contributed to the high levels of successful quitting in developed countries. For those individuals that seek direct assistance in quitting, pharmacotherapy has been found effective and roughly doubles the quit rates that would be expected without pharmacologic assistance. Smoking cessation desire and support is strongest in high-income countries where smoking rates have peaked, the negative health effects of smoking have emerged, and prevalence rates are beginning to decline. Smoking rates in most low- and middle-income countries continue to increase, and these countries have not yet experienced the negative health and financial impacts caused by smoking. Therefore, smoking cessation is a more novel topic in low- and middle-income countries, and it is not yet understood which cessation methods are effective in these countries. Research suggests that successful quitting is associated with a strong intrinsic desire to quit, often reinforced by broad tobacco control measures, and confidence in one’s ability to successfully quit smoking. The combination of strong intrinsic motivation and a high degree of self-efficacy greatly increases the likelihood that current smokers can successfully and permanently quit. There are two ways to reduce global tobacco use: by preventing youth smoking, and by increasing the number of current smokers who quit. Smoking cessation is vital to population health and must be supported and encouraged globally through multifaceted tobacco control programs and initiatives
Smoking cessation resources and research findings are commonly documented in publications such as journals. Several broad-level, peer-reviewed public health journals, such as the American Journal of Public Health, British Medical Journal, JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) and the New England Journal of Medicine, commonly cite smoking cessation literature. Other journals, such as Addiction and Addictive Behaviors, focus on addictive substances, with tobacco use being a common subject topic. Finally, Nicotine and Tobacco Research and Tobacco Control are peer-reviewed journals focusing specifically on nicotine and tobacco.
Publishes peer-reviewed research from various disciplines on the topics of alcohol, illicit drugs, tobacco, and behavioral addictions.
Addictive Behaviors. 1975–.
International, peer-reviewed scientific journal publishing human research on substance abuse, specifically alcohol, drugs, and nicotine.
Publishes original research and program evaluations in the field of public health, with a mission to advance public health research, policy, practice, and education.
British Medical Journal. 1840–.
International, peer-reviewed medical journal with a mission to engage, inform, and stimulate doctors, researchers, and other health professionals in a manner that improves outcomes for patients.
International, peer-reviewed general medical journal that publishes original research, reviews, commentaries, editorials, essays, medical news, correspondence, and ancillary content. JAMA has been published consistently since 1883.
Publishes peer-reviewed research and clinical content for physicians, educators, and the global medical community on a weekly basis.
Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 1999–.
Peer-reviewed journal focused on the topics of nicotine and tobacco. Publishes empirical findings, critical reviews, and conceptual papers on nicotine and tobacco from various disciplines.
Tobacco Control. 1992–.
International, peer-reviewed journal about the nature and consequences of tobacco use throughout the world, including population health, economics, economy, environment, society, tobacco control efforts, and the activities of tobacco companies.
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- Access to Health Care
- Action Research
- Active Aging
- Active Living
- Adolescent Risk-Taking Behavior in the United States
- Advocacy, Public Health
- Agricultural Safety and Public Health
- Air Quality: Health Effects
- Air Quality: Indoor Health Effects
- Alcohol Availability and Violence
- Alternative Research Designs
- Ambient Air Quality Standards and Guidelines
- American Perspectives on Chronic Disease and Control
- Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)
- Asthma in Children
- Attachment as a Health Determinant
- Behavior Change Theory in Health Education and Promotion
- Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance
- Bicycling and Cycling Safety
- Birth and Death Registration
- Birth Cohort Studies
- Board of Health
- Built Environment and Health, The
- Business and Corporate Practices
- Cancer Communication Strategies in North America
- Cancer Prevention
- Cancer Screening
- Capacity Building
- Capacity Building for NCDs in LMICs
- Capacity-Building for Applied Public Health in LMIC: A US ...
- Cardiovascular Health and Disease
- Child Maltreatment
- Children, Air Pollution and
- Children, Injury Risk-Taking Behaviors in
- Children, Obesity in
- Citizen Advisory Boards
- Climate Change and Human Health
- Climate Change: Institutional Response
- Clinical Preventive Medicine
- Community Air Pollution
- Community Development
- Community Gardens
- Community Health Assessment
- Community Partnerships and Coalitions
- Community-Based Participatory Research
- Complexity and Systems Theory
- Definition of Health
- Dental Public Health
- Design and Health
- Dietary Guidelines
- Ecological Approaches
- Enabling Factors
- Environmental Laws
- Environmental Protection Agency
- Ethics of Public Health
- Evidence-Based Public Health Practice
- Family Planning Services and Birth Control
- Food Safety
- Food Security and Food Banks
- Food Systems
- Frail Elderly
- Functional Literacy
- Genomics, Public Health
- Geographic Information Systems
- Geography and Health
- Global Health
- Global Health Diplomacy
- Global Health Promotion
- Guide to Community Preventive Services, The
- Health Administration
- Health Communication
- Health Disparities
- Health Education
- Health Impact Assessment
- Health in All Policies
- Health in All Policies in European Countries
- Health Literacy
- Health Literacy and Non-Communicable Diseases
- Health Measurement Scales
- Health Planning
- Health Promoting Hospitals
- Health Promotion
- Health Promotion Workforce Capacity
- Healthy People Initiative
- Hepatitis C
- High Risk Prevention Strategies
- Human Rights, Health and
- Immigrant Populations
- Immunization and Pneumococcal Infection
- Indigenous Peoples, Public Health and
- Indigenous Populations of North America, Australasia, and ...
- Indoor Air Quality Guidelines
- Internet Applications in Promoting Health Behavior
- Intersectoral Strategies in Low - Middle Income Countries ...
- Justice, Social
- Knowledge Translation and Exchange
- Knowledge Utilization and Exchange
- Law of Public Health in the United States
- Media Advocacy
- Mental Health
- Mental Health Promotion
- Migrant Health
- Motor Vehicle Injury Prevention
- Multi-Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis
- National Association of Local Boards of Health
- National Public Health Institutions
- Needs Assessment
- Obesity Prevention
- Occupational Cancers
- Occupational Safety and Health
- Oral Health Equity for Minority Populations in the United ...
- Ottawa Charter
- Parenting and Work
- Parenting Skills and Capacity
- Participatory Action Research
- Patient Decision Making
- Pesticide Exposure and Pesticide Health Effects
- Physical Activity and Exercise
- Physical Activity Promotion
- Polio Eradication in Pakistan
- Population Aging
- Population Determinants of Unhealthy Foods and Beverages
- Population Health Objectives and Targets
- Precautionary Principle
- Prenatal Health
- Program Evaluation in American Health Education
- Program Planning and Evaluation
- Public Health, History of
- Public Health Surveillance
- Public-Private Partnerships in Public Health Research and ...
- Public-Private Partnerships to Prevent and Manage Obesity ...
- Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment
- Radiological and Nuclear Emergencies
- Randomized Controlled Trials
- Real World Evaluation Strategies
- Reducing Obesity-Related Health Disparities in Hispanic an...
- Rural Health in the United States
- Safety, Patient
- Sex Education in HIV/AIDS Prevention
- Skin Cancer Prevention
- Smoking Cessation
- Social Determinants of Health
- Social Epidemiology
- Social Marketing
- Statistics in Public Health
- Systems in the United States, Public Health
- Systems Theory in Public Health
- Traditional, Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative M...
- Translation of Science to Practice and Policy
- Traumatic Stress and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
- Tuberculosis among Adults and the Determinants of Health
- Unintentional Injury Prevention
- Urban Health
- Vaccine Hesitancy
- Violence Prevention
- Water Quality
- Water Quality and Water-Related Disease
- Weight Management in US Occupational Settings
- Worksite Health Promotion