In This Article Lexical-Functional Grammar

  • Introduction
  • Reference Works
  • Textbooks
  • Anthologies
  • Bibliographies
  • Conference Proceedings
  • Constituent Structure
  • Grammatical Functions
  • Lexical Integrity
  • Optimality Theory
  • Nonconfigurational Languages
  • Computational Implementations
  • Formalism

Linguistics Lexical-Functional Grammar
by
Yehuda N. Falk
  • LAST MODIFIED: 28 October 2011
  • DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199772810-0025

Introduction

Lexical-functional grammar, usually referred to as LFG, is a theoretical approach to syntax and related components of grammar originally developed in the late 1970s by Joan Bresnan and Ronald Kaplan. Conceived within the general program of generative linguistics, LFG differs from other such approaches in several respects. Unlike mainstream approaches within generative linguistics, LFG is a lexicalist, non-derivational, non-transformational framework. Unlike even most other non-derivational frameworks, LFG envisions syntactic description as focusing on Grammatical Functions rather than Constituent Structure, although constituent structure is also part of LFG syntax. LFG syntax thus includes two distinct dimensions of representation: c-structure (a surface constituent structure) and f-structure (a representation of surface grammatical functions). LFG has been applied to the analysis of a wide range of Syntactic Constructions in a wide variety of languages. In addition, it has a well-developed Formalism and has been used extensively in work in Computational Implementations.

Reference Works

The Lexical-Functional Grammar Home Page is an overall reference to various aspects of LFG. Information about the LFG community of scholars can be obtained at the International Lexical-Functional Grammar Association. A useful reference to LFG formalisms and analyses is Dalrymple 2001.

back to top

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Please subscribe or login.

How to Subscribe

Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.

Purchase an Ebook Version of This Article

Ebooks of the Oxford Bibliographies Online subject articles are available in North America via a number of retailers including Amazon, vitalsource, and more. Simply search on their sites for Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guides and your desired subject article.

If you would like to purchase an eBook article and live outside North America please email onlinemarketing@oup.com to express your interest.

Article

Up

Down