International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Mental and Behavioural Disorders Chapter
- LAST MODIFIED: 27 June 2017
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199828340-0191
- LAST MODIFIED: 27 June 2017
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199828340-0191
The International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is a codified list of health conditions produced by the World Health Organization (WHO). The purposes of the ICD include, among many others, providing a consensual set of definitions for health conditions used to track disease burden, facilitating access to services, and defining what conditions qualify for subsidized care. The Mental and Behavioural Disorders (MBD) chapter of the ICD has been included since its 6th edition. Currently in its 10th edition, the 11th edition of the ICD is under production and is scheduled to be completed by 2018. The ICD-10 comes in three versions: the Clinical Descriptions and Diagnostic Guidelines are flexibly worded descriptions of all categories intended for mental health practitioners; the Primary Care version is a simplified list of the most important categories for primary care workers; and the Research version has stricter, more operationally defined definitions for research. The ICD-11 will have the same three versions, although the research version may look substantially different from ICD-10’s format; it will be asynchronously released after the other two versions. Relative to other diagnostic classifications, the ICD places a strong focus on cross-cultural applicability and practicality, given that it must be applied in diverse health contexts and world regions.
Special Journal Issues
Before addressing specific sources in the ICD History and Context, Field Trials, Evidence Review for Diagnostic Areas, and Cross-Cultural Applicability sections, this section reviews special issues of journals devoted to the ICD. As such, these are good sources for quickly identifying a wide range of topics relevant to the ICD. Some of the individual articles from these special issues are included in the bibliography below, but others are still worth identifying and reading, so these special issues are included here as orienting materials. Readers should start with Gureje, et al. 2012 and Roberts 2010, as both of these special issues provide context about the rationale for the ICD-11 development. The other special issues have more focused topics. Horton 2015 is an overview of changes to the Personality Disorders, which represents one of the largest conceptual shifts in the ICD-11. Maj and Reed 2012 and Stein, et al. 2014 include detailed descriptions of proposals for individual diagnoses. Khoury, et al. 2012 and Trémine 2011a, Trémine 2011b, and Trémine 2011c present cross-cultural considerations surrounding the ICD-11, addressing the Arab world and French-speakers, respectively.
Gureje, O., G. M. Reed, and M. First, eds. 2012. Special Issue: Revising the classifications of mental and behavioural disorders: Rationale and process. International Review of Psychiatry 24.6: 511–612.
This special issue covers both broad conceptual issues regarding the classification of mental disorders and specific reviews of areas of psychopathology. The authors of the articles were all intimately involved with the ICD revision process, and thus represent expert opinion from those involved in its development.
Horton, R., ed. 2015. Special Issue: Series on personality disorder. Lancet 385.9969: 717–743.
This special issue contains a series of articles on personality disorder, which has been one of the most controversial topics in the classification of psychopathology.
Khoury, B., N. Loza, and G. M. Reed, eds. 2012. Special Issue: Supplement on ICD-11. Arab Journal of Psychiatry 23, Supp. 1: 1–50.
This special issue of the Arab Journal of Psychiatry includes a set of articles on the applicability of ICD mental disorders to the Arab region, including special problems and concerns. It is an excellent source for information on cross-cultural applicability (see also Cross-Cultural Applicability).
Maj, M., and G. M. Reed, eds. 2012. Special Issue: The ICD-11 classification of mood and anxiety disorders: Background and options. World Psychiatry 11, Supp. 1.
This special issue comes from the official journal of the World Psychiatric Association, and thus is available in several languages. It covers proposals and general issues in the classification of mood and Anxiety Disorders. Many of the articles are summaries of the rationale for ICD-11 proposals coming from the leader of that working group.
Roberts, M. C., ed. 2010. Improving clinical utility in the classification of mental and behavioral disorders: Revisions to the ICD and the DSM. Professional Psychology Research and Practice 41.6: 457–501.
This special section, which represents the first six articles of the issue, focused on the definition and role of clinical utility in the classification of mental disorders. The works included in it represent the best and most thoughtful collection of papers on clinical utility to date.
Stein, D. J., L. F. Fontenelle, and G. M. Reed, eds. 2014. Special Issue: Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders in ICD-11: Rationale and evidence. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria 36, Supp. 1: S1–S68.
This special issue, published in both English and Portuguese, addresses the relatively robust change of creating a separate group of Obsessive-Compulsive And Related Disorders. Papers in this supplement outline the rationale for the group as well as the evidence for the inclusion of individual disorders within the group.
Trémine, T., ed. 2011a. Special Issue: Troubles schizophréniques et délirants. L’Information Psychiatrique 87.3: 169–228.
The first of three French language special issues on the classification of mental disorders intended to inform ICD-11 revisions. This issue focused on schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. It highlights a current controversy in France surrounding the stigma attached to the term “schizophrenia” and understanding the phenomenology of the disorder from the point of view of the person affected.
Trémine, T., ed. 2011b. Special Issue: Troubles liés au genre. L’Information Psychiatrique 87.4: 259–320.
The second of three French language special issues on the classification of mental disorders intended to inform ICD-11 revisions. This issue focused on gender incongruence (also termed transsexualism and gender identity disorder) and its place in a classification of mental disorders, particularly considering if it should be removed altogether.
Trémine, T., ed. 2011c. Special Issue: Troubles des conduites et troubles envahissant du dévoleppement chez l’enfant et l’adolescent. L’Information Psychiatrique 87.5: 363–422.
The third of three French language special issues on the classification of mental disorders intended to inform ICD-11 revisions. This issue focuses on child and adolescent disorders with special attention to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism.
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- Abnormal Psychology
- Action Regulation Theory
- Action Research
- Addictive Behavior
- Affective Forecasting
- Allport, Gordon
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- Animal Behavior
- Animal Learning
- Anxiety Disorders
- Art and Aesthetics, Psychology of
- Attachment in Social and Emotional Development across the ...
- Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Adults
- Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Childre...
- Attraction in Close Relationships
- Attribution Theory
- Authoritarian Personality
- Behavior Therapy, Rational Emotive
- Behavioral Economics
- Behavioral Genetics
- Bereavement and Grief
- Biological Psychology
- Birth Order
- Body Image in Men and Women
- Bystander Effect
- Clinical Neuropsychology
- Clinical Psychology
- Cognitive Consistency Theories
- Cognitive Dissonance Theory
- Cognitive Neuroscience
- Communication, Nonverbal Cues and
- Comparative Psychology
- Conformity, Compliance, and Obedience
- Coping Processes
- Counseling Psychology
- Critical Thinking
- Cross-Cultural Psychology
- Cultural Psychology
- Death and Dying
- Deceiving and Detecting Deceit
- Defensive Processes
- Depressive Disorders
- Development, Prenatal
- Developmental Psychology (Cognitive)
- Developmental Psychology (Social)
- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM...
- Dissociative Disorders
- Drugs and Behavior
- Eating Disorders
- Ecological Psychology
- Educational Settings, Assessment of Thinking in
- Embodiment and Embodied Cognition
- Emerging Adulthood
- Emotional Intelligence
- Environmental Neuroscience and Environmental Psychology
- Ethics in Psychological Practice
- Event Perception
- Evolutionary Psychology
- Exploratory Data Analysis
- Eyewitness Testimony
- Factor Analysis
- Festinger, Leon
- Five-Factor Model of Personality
- Flynn Effect, The
- Friendships, Children's
- Fundamental Attribution Error/Correspondence Bias
- Gambler's Fallacy
- Game Theory and Psychology
- Geropsychology, Clinical
- Health Psychology
- Heuristics and Biases
- History of Psychology
- Human Factors
- Implicit Association Test (IAT)
- Industrial and Organizational Psychology
- Intelligence, Crystallized and Fluid
- Intercultural Psychology
- Intergroup Conflict
- International Classification of Diseases and Related Healt...
- International Psychology
- Interviewing in Forensic Settings
- Intimate Partner Violence, Psychological Perspectives on
- Item Response Theory
- Law, Psychology and
- Learned Helplessness
- Learning versus Performance
- LGBTQ+ Romantic Relationships
- Lie Detection in a Forensic Context
- Life-Span Development
- Locus of Control
- Meaning in Life
- Mechanisms and Processes of Peer Contagion
- Media Violence, Psychological Perspectives on
- Memories, Autobiographical
- Memories, Flashbulb
- Memories, Repressed and Recovered
- Memory, False
- Memory, Human
- Memory, Implicit versus Explicit
- Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
- Moral Development
- Moral Psychology
- Moral Reasoning
- Neuroscience of Associative Learning
- Obsessive-Complusive Disorder (OCD)
- Occupational Health Psychology
- Operant Conditioning
- Optimism and Pessimism
- Organizational Justice
- Parenting Stress
- Path Models
- Peace Psychology
- Perception, Person
- Performance Appraisal
- Personality and Health
- Personality Disorders
- Personality Psychology
- Phenomenological Psychology
- Placebo Effects in Psychology
- Positive Psychological Capital (PsyCap)
- Positive Psychology
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Prejudice and Stereotyping
- Prisoner's Dilemma
- Prosocial Behavior
- Prosocial Spending and Well-Being
- Psychology, Political
- Psychophysics, Visual
- Psychotic Disorders
- Reasoning, Counterfactual
- Rehabilitation Psychology
- Religion, Psychology and
- Replication Initiatives in Psychology
- Research Methods
- Risk Taking
- Schizophrenic Disorders
- School Psychology
- Self, Gender and
- Self, Psychology of the
- Self-Determination Theory
- Self-Regulation in Educational Settings
- Sensation Seeking
- Sex and Gender
- Sexual Minority Parenting
- Sexual Orientation
- Signal Detection Theory and its Applications
- Single People
- Skinner, B.F.
- Sleep and Dreaming
- Small Groups
- Social Class and Social Status
- Social Cognition
- Social Neuroscience
- Social Support
- Social Touch and Massage Therapy Research
- Somatoform Disorders
- Spatial Attention
- Sports Psychology
- Stereotype Threat
- Stress and Coping, Psychology of
- Subjective Wellbeing Homeostasis
- Teaching of Psychology
- Terror Management Theory
- Testing and Assessment
- Theory of Mind
- Therapies, Person-Centered
- Therapy, Cognitive-Behavioral
- Thinking Skills in Educational Settings
- Time Perception
- Trait Perspective
- Twin Studies
- Type A Behavior Pattern (Coronary Prone Personality)
- Women and Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM...
- Women, Psychology of