- LAST REVIEWED: 08 June 2017
- LAST MODIFIED: 30 June 2014
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199920082-0098
- LAST REVIEWED: 08 June 2017
- LAST MODIFIED: 30 June 2014
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199920082-0098
Material culture is a broad and interdisciplinary field that explores the cultural meanings objects acquire in context. It does not impose a hierarchy on what is included; anything that is made from a particular material can be seen as material culture. The implication, however, is that raw materials and natural commodities are, on the whole, excluded, and that there is a certain emphasis on the ways in which things have been made. In the case of tea, for example, the plant itself is perhaps not seen as part of material culture, but its methods of cultivation, the ways in which tea is brewed, the various attributes required in the preparation and consumption of the beverage, and all practices surrounding tea are all part of the material culture. There are fruitful overlaps with numerous other fields: with art history, where that discipline explores the so-called decorative arts; with history, where objects form a supplement and/or alternative to written documentation; with anthropology, where objects are part of social practice; and with (prehistoric) archaeology, where objects often are the only available source in the absence of written materials. The emphasis on objects has been useful in a number of areas, especially where written sources are difficult to access. In the field of women and gender, for example, the study of material culture has allowed a different kind of access to the experiences that shaped the lives of men and women who did not leave documentation in writing. In global history, material culture and the use of objects provide ways of overcoming the challenges of materials written in different languages. While material culture has become an important part of numerous academic fields in Europe and North America, in Asia the transition has been slower. The main developments in this area have come from Taiwan, where a number of scholars have made important contributions in this field. This bibliography includes not only materials conceived specifically from within a material culture context, but also work produced within disciplines such as archaeology and art history. Methodologically, they may differ from the study of material culture, but in terms of the source materials they present for the scholar interested in material culture, they are indispensable.
The pieces listed below shed light on the general topic of material culture in China from a variety of perspectives. Lion, et al. 1960–1963 and Hearn and Fong 1974 show how material culture used to be studied: from the perspective of the museum world, and as a rather secondary branch of art history, ranked below fine art. Rawson 2007, also written from the perspective of the museum world, shows how the collections of a museum can be used for fruitful research in numerous disciplines, and Gillet, et al. 2006 provides examples of the use in research of more recently discovered objects. Ebrey 2010 shows how important visual and material culture is for telling the story of China’s past. Wang 2012 adds the perspective of the art market; Rujivacharakul 2011 the history of collecting; and Nietupski, et al. 2011 the use of Chinese material culture in teaching.
Ebrey, Patricia Buckley. The Cambridge Illustrated History of China. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
First published in 1996, this book has been reprinted and translated numerous times. It still provides a very useful first look at China’s past and present with well-explained visual material integrated fully in the text. Also highly regarded by its Chinese readership.
Gillet, Martine, Alain Thote, and Géraldine Hue, eds. L’autre en regard: Art et culture matérielle de la Chine: Volume en hommage à Michèle Pirazzoli-t’Serstevens. Paris: Musée National des Arts Asiatiques-Guimet, 2006.
Articles in French and English that cover a wide range of topics through time and space. Contains a full bibliography of Pirazzoli-t’Serstevens, who herself has written in disciplines such as art, architecture, and archaeology; on subjects such as periods from Han to Qing; and on spaces from China to the Middle East and Africa.
Hearn, Maxwell, and Wen Fong. “The Arts of Ancient China.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 32.2 (1974): 231–280.
Introductory overview of the arts of ancient China, based on the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The article begins with the Neolithic and then covers what it calls the Age of Ritual (the Shang), the secularization of art in the Zhou, and the establishment of the imperial order, ending with Buddhism and the Tang.
Lion, Daisy Goldschmidt, Jean Claude Moreau-Gobard, Soame Jenyns, and William Watson. Chinese Art. London: Oldbourne, 1960–1963.
Old-style overview of decorative arts. Volume 1 covers bronze, jade, sculpture, and ceramics; volume 2 precious metals, cloisonné, enamel, lacquer, furniture, and wood; volume 3 painting, calligraphy, stone rubbing, and wood engraving; and volume 4 textiles, glass and painting on glass, carvings in ivory, rhinoceros horn and hardstones, snuff-bottles, inkcakes, and inkstones.
Nietupski, Paul K., Joan O’Mara, and Karil J. Kucera. Reading Asian Art and Artifacts: Windows to Asia on American College Campuses. Bethlehem, PA: Lehigh University Press, 2011.
This introductory volume looks at Chinese art and artifacts in the context of objects from east and south Asia and asks fresh questions about their meaning. The objects and images are drawn from collections in colleges throughout the United States, and the emphasis is on what they can teach us about understanding Asia.
Rawson, Jessica. The British Museum Book of Chinese Art. London: British Museum Press, 2007.
Authoritative overview of Chinese art and material culture, with illustrations drawn mostly from the British Museum collections (cited under Museum Collections). Particularly relevant are the sections on jades and bronzes, sculpture for tombs and temples, decorative arts, and luxuries for trade. Useful appendices include chronologies, glossaries, and bibliographies.
Rujivacharakul, Vimalin, ed. Collecting China: The World, China, and a History of Collecting. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2011.
Wide-ranging exploration of the history and practices of collecting in China and the wider world. Includes chapters by Lydia Liu, Stanley Abe, and Wen-hsin Yeh, and covers the period from oracle bones to the modern era.
Wang, Audrey. Chinese Antiquities: An Introduction to the Art Market. Farnham, UK: Ashgate, 2012.
This illustrated book is intended as a guide to the growing market for Chinese antiquities, and aimed at current and aspiring collectors and investors. There is a chapter on historical trade in Chinese material culture and on the global art market today.
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- 1989 People's Movement
- Agriculture, Origins of
- Anti-Japanese War
- Architecture, Chinese
- Assertive Nationalism and China's Core Interests
- Buddhist Monasticism
- Central-Local Relations
- Chiang Kai-shek
- Children's Culture and Social Studies
- China and Africa
- China and the World, 1900-1949
- China's Agricultural Regions
- China’s Soft Power
- China’s West
- Chinese Communist Party Since 1949, The
- Chinese Communist Party to 1949, The
- Chinese Diaspora, The
- Chinese Nationalism
- Chinese Script, The
- Christianity in China
- Classical Confucianism
- Confucius Institutes
- Consumer Society
- Contemporary Chinese Art Since 1976
- Criticism, Traditional
- Cross-Straits Relations
- Cultural Revolution
- Deng Xiaoping
- Dialect Groups of the Chinese Language
- Disability Studies
- Drama (Xiqu 戏曲) Performance Arts, Traditional Chinese
- Dream of the Red Chamber
- Economic Reforms, 1978-Present
- Economy, 1949-1978
- Economy, 1895-1949
- Emergence of Modern Banks
- Environmental Issues in Contemporary China
- Environmental Issues in Pre-Modern China
- Establishment Intellectuals
- Ethnicity and Minority Nationalities Since 1949
- Ethnicity and the Han
- Examination System, The
- Fall of the Qing, 1840-1912, The
- Falun Gong, The
- Family Relations in Contemporary China
- Fiction and Prose, Modern Chinese
- Film, Chinese Language
- Film in Taiwan
- Financial Sector, The
- Folk Religion in Contemporary China
- Folklore and Popular Culture
- Foreign Direct Investment in China
- Gender Issues in Traditional China
- Great Leap Forward and the Famine, The
- Guomindang (1912-1949)
- Health Care System, The
- Heritage Management
- Heterodox Sects in Premodern China
- Historical Archaeology (Qin and Han)
- Hukou (Household Registration) System, The
- Human Origins in China
- Human Rights in China
- Imperialism and China, c. 1800-1949
- Intellectual Trends in Late Imperial China
- Islam in China
- Journalism and the Press
- Landscape Painting
- Language, The Ancient Chinese
- Language Variation in China
- Late Imperial Economy, 960-1895
- Law, Traditional Chinese
- Li Bai and Du Fu
- Liang Qichao
- Literature Post-Mao, Chinese
- Literature, Pre-Ming Narrative
- Local Elites in Ming-Qing China
- Local Elites in Song-Yuan China
- Management Style in "Chinese Capitalism"
- Mao Zedong
- Marketing System in Pre-Modern China, The
- Material Culture
- May Fourth Movement
- Media Representation of Contemporary China, International
- Medicine, Traditional Chinese
- Medieval Economic Revolution
- Middle Period China
- Migration Under Economic Reform
- Ming Dynasty
- Ming-Qing Fiction
- Modern Chinese Drama
- Music in China
- Needham Question, The
- Neolithic Cultures in China
- New Social Classes, 1895-1949
- One Country, Two Systems
- Opium Trade
- Orientalism, China and
- Poetics, Chinese-Western Comparative
- Poetry, Early Medieval
- Poetry, Traditional Chinese
- Political Art and Posters
- Political Dissent
- Political Thought, Modern Chinese
- Population Dynamics in Pre-Modern China
- Population Structure and Dynamics since 1949
- Poverty and Living Standards since 1949
- Printing and Book Culture
- Prose, Traditional
- Qi Baishi
- Qing Dynasty up to 1840
- Regional and Global Security, China and
- Religion, Ancient Chinese
- Renminbi, The
- Republican China, 1911-1949
- Revolutionary Literature under Mao
- Rural Society in Contemporary China
- School of Names
- Sino-Japanese Relations Since 1945
- Social Welfare in China
- Su Shi (Su Dongpo)
- Sun Yat-sen and the 1911 Revolution
- Taiping Civil War
- Taiwanese Democracy
- Television, Chinese
- Terracotta Warriors, The
- Texts in Pre-Modern East and South-East Asia, Chinese
- Township and Village Enterprises
- Traditional Historiography
- Tribute System, The
- Unequal Treaties and the Treaty Ports, The
- United States-China Relations, 1949-present
- Urban Change and Modernity
- Warlords, The
- Yan'an and the Revolutionary Base Areas
- Yuan Dynasty