The National Deviancy Symposia
- LAST REVIEWED: 16 May 2017
- LAST MODIFIED: 30 July 2014
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780195396607-0182
- LAST REVIEWED: 16 May 2017
- LAST MODIFIED: 30 July 2014
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780195396607-0182
The first National Deviancy Conference (NDC) took place in York, United Kingdom, in 1968. The conferences continued intermittently until the end of the 1970s and were resurrected, again in York, in 2011. The early conferences were first conceived as a meeting place for those dissatisfied with mainstream criminology in Great Britain. British criminology was at the time dominated by administrative and state-centered approaches. The NDC was keen to draw on developments in sociology, especially advances in American symbolic interactionism, but there was also an obvious political orientation. The conferences sought to challenge power and dominant accounts of crime and deviance, and in so doing they created and carried forward the British tradition of critical and radical criminologies. The conferences themselves, and the key figures who organized and took part in them, changed the character of British criminology enormously and were to have a significant influence on the discipline globally. There has been no published work that has aimed to chart the development of the conferences and the motivations of those at the forefront of the movement. Instead, this article attempts to identify the key intellectual output of the symposia from 1968 to the early 21st century and a range of other sources that usefully contextualize the deviancy movement and its contribution to the sociology of crime and deviance.
Papers presented at the National Deviancy Conferences (NDC) have quite often been gathered together and published as anthologies. These anthologies represent the best available guide to the general tenor of debate, and they include many crucial papers that reflect the intellectual development of critical and radical criminologies from the 1960s onward. Cohen 1971 was the first to appear in print and contains key papers written by Ian Taylor, Jock Young, Maureen Cain, Stanley Cohen, Laurie Taylor, and Mary MacIntosh. Taylor and Taylor 1973 is the second anthology of conference papers and provides papers written by other notable figures in the movement, including Roy Bailey, Mary Wilson, and Paul Walton. Bailey and Young 1973 appeared at around the same time. There was something of a hiatus during the mid-1970s as key figures pursued important individual projects. At the end of the 1970s, two further volumes were published that suggested both intellectual evolution and schism within the core group of deviancy theorists. Produced in conjunction with the Conference of Socialist Economists, Fine, et al. 1979 represented a concerted attempt by some of the deviancy group to move away from the symbolic interactionism of David Downes, Paul Rock, and others and toward Marxist political economy. The National Deviancy Conference 1980 is aimed quite specifically at “radical practitioners” and looks at the ideological orientation and efficacy of pieces of legislation enacted during the 1960s to address various aspects of cultural change. Winlow and Atkinson 2013 offers papers presented at the 2011 revival conference. The other anthologies listed here are not based on papers presented at deviancy conferences but are included because their essays, many written by regular conference attendees, reflect the forms of analysis that were developing in the deviancy movement.
Bailey, Roy, and Jock Young, eds. 1973. Contemporary social problems in Britain. Farnborough, UK: Saxon House.
This, the third publication from the early deviancy conferences, reflects the continuity and development of early core themes. The analysis of stigmatizing social processes and politicized responses to stigmatization is central to this collection, and Ken Plummer’s contribution, “Awareness of Homosexuality,” is perhaps the most notable in this regard.
Bianchi, Herman, Mario Simondi, and Ian Taylor. 1975. Deviance and control in Europe: Papers from the European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control. London: Wiley.
The European Group was formed in 1970 by Stanley Cohen, Mario Simondi, and Karl Schumann, and it remains in robust health in the early 21st century. Like the NDC, the group affords leftist social scientists the opportunity to engage productively with like-minded peers free from the influence of orthodox and administrative criminologies.
Carson, William, and Paul Wiles, eds. 1971. The sociology of crime and delinquency in Britain. Vol. 1, The British tradition. London: Robertson.
Stressing the contributions of British criminologists, Carson and Wiles give a brief history of the sociology of crime and deviance. This collection has papers from some key contributors to the NDC and is particularly useful in examining the break that occurred between leftist deviancy theorists and mainstream administrative criminologists.
Cohen, Stanley, ed. 1971. Images of deviance. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin.
Images of Deviance is the first collection of papers to come from the early deviancy conferences. Jock Young’s contribution is of particular interest; here, Young develops for the first time his concepts of deviancy amplification and moral panic.
Cohen, Stanley, and Jock Young, eds. 1973. The manufacture of news: Social problems, deviance and mass media. London: Constable.
This book was to have significant influence on the development of critical media studies and cultural sociology. The book contains chapters from core NDC members, and its basic focus is the media’s tendency to distort of the actuality of crime.
Fine, Bob, Richard Kinsey, Sal Picciotto, and Jock Young. 1979. Capitalism and the rule of law: From deviancy theory to Marxism. London: Hutchinson.
A joint endeavor with the Conference of Socialist Economists, this was the second NDC publication of 1979. By that time, those on the Marxist left of the NDC were putting forth an unsparing critique of the liberal symbolic interactionists, who formed the other core block of the movement. Notable here is Jock Young’s abandonment of left idealism and his move toward left realism.
Hall, Stuart, and Tony Jefferson, eds. 1976. Resistance through rituals: Youth subcultures in post-war Britain. London: Hutchinson.
The Birmingham Centre for Cultural Studies has had a crucial role in shaping post-1970s social and cultural analysis, and this is one of its most notable publications. Both Hall and Jefferson attended deviancy conferences and have acknowledged the intellectual debt owed to key figures in the NDC movement.
Mungham, Geoff, and Geoff Pearson, eds. 1976. Working class youth culture. London: Routledge.
This edited collection is heavily influenced by the NDC and shares a close association with the work of the Birmingham Centre for Cultural Studies. The volume deals with the transformation of youth and development of working-class youth cultures synonymous with this period of British history.
National Deviancy Conference, ed. 1980. Permissiveness and control: The fate of the sixties legislation. New York: Barnes and Noble.
This book is indicative of the general move away from interactionism and toward a concerted critique of political economy. Here, the group puts their collective energy into challenging what they call the myth of 1960s permissiveness.
Rock, Paul, and Mary MacIntosh, eds. 1974. Deviance and social control. London: Tavistock.
Another anthology produced by the broad deviancy group, this book clearly displays the collective intellectual debt owed to 1960s interactionism and especially the work of Edwin Lemert and David Matza. The book includes contributions by Stanley Cohen and Stuart Hall, who was to become a leading figure in the Birmingham Centre for Cultural Studies.
Taylor, Ian, and Laurie Taylor, eds. 1973. Politics and deviance: Papers from the proceedings of symposia held by the National Deviancy Conference. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin.
Politics and Deviance is the second collection of papers from the NDC. Across the volume it is possible to identify the early intellectual foundations of the NDC in symbolic interactionism and Marxism. In this volume, themes of labeling and deviancy amplification receive significant coverage.
Taylor, Ian, Paul Walton, and Jock Young, eds. 1975. Critical criminology. London: Routledge.
This work follows The New Criminology (see Taylor, et al. 1973, cited under Early Monographs Written or Co-Written by Cohen and Young) and similarly represents a major contribution to the development of critical criminology and left realism in particular. Perhaps most notable here is the critique of New Deviancy theory and its perceived idealism and romanticism.
Wiles, Paul, ed. 1976. The sociology of crime and delinquency in Britain. Vol. 2, The new criminologies. Oxford: Robertson.
An intriguing follow-up to the earlier volume (see Carson and Wiles 1971), this collection serves as something of an early retrospective of the development of the various deviancy theories of key NDC figures.
Winlow, Simon, and Rowland Atkinson, eds. 2013. New directions in crime and deviancy. London: Routledge.
Based on papers presented at the 2011 NDC, this collection results from the efforts of a generation of deviancy theorists aiming to rejuvenate critical criminology and offers papers by Steve Hall, Walter S. DeKeseredy, Nigel South, Avi Brisman, Molly Dragiewicz, and Oliver Smith.
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Please subscribe or login.
- Active Offender Research
- Actus Reus
- Adverse Childhood Experiences
- Aging Prison Population, The
- Airport and Airline Security
- Alcohol and Drug Prohibition
- Alcohol Use, Policy and Crime
- Alt-Right Gangs and White Power Youth Groups
- Animals, Crimes Against
- Back-End Sentencing and Parole Revocation
- Bail and Pretrial Detention
- Batterer Intervention Programs
- Biosocial Criminology
- Black's Theory of Law and Social Control
- Blumstein, Alfred
- Boot Camps and Shock Incarceration Programs
- Burglary, Residential
- Bystander Intervention
- Capital Punishment
- Chambliss, William
- Chicago School of Criminology, The
- Child Maltreatment
- Chinese Triad Society
- Civil Protection Orders
- Collateral Consequences of Felony Conviction and Imprisonm...
- Collective Efficacy
- Commercial and Bank Robbery
- Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children
- Communicating Scientific Findings in the Courtroom
- Community Change and Crime
- Community Corrections
- Community Disadvantage and Crime
- Community-Based Justice Systems
- Comparative Criminal Justice Systems
- CompStat Models of Police Performance Management
- Confessions, False and Coerced
- Conservation Criminology
- Consumer Fraud
- Contextual Analysis of Crime
- Control Balance Theory
- Convict Criminology
- Co-Offending and the Role of Accomplices
- Corporate Crime
- Costs of Crime and Justice
- Courts, Drug
- Courts, Juvenile
- Courts, Mental Health
- Courts, Problem-Solving
- Crime and Justice in Latin America
- Crime, Campus
- Crime Control Policy
- Crime Control, Politics of
- Crime, (In)Security, and Islam
- Crime Prevention, Delinquency and
- Crime Prevention, Situational
- Crime Prevention, Voluntary Organizations and
- Crime Trends
- Crime Victims' Rights Movement
- Criminal Career Research
- Criminal Decision Making, Emotions in
- Criminal Justice Data Sources
- Criminal Justice Ethics
- Criminal Justice Reform, Politics of
- Criminal Justice System, Discretion in the
- Criminal Records
- Criminal Retaliation
- Criminal Talk
- Criminology and Political Science
- Criminology of Genocide, The
- Critical Criminology
- Cross-National Crime
- Cross-Sectional Research Designs in Criminology and Crimin...
- Cultural Criminology
- Cultural Theories
- Cybercrime Investigations and Prosecutions
- Cycle of Violence
- Deadly Force
- Defining "Success" in Corrections and Reentry
- Developmental and Life-Course Criminology
- Digital Piracy
- Driving and Traffic Offenses
- Drug Control
- Drug Trafficking, International
- Drugs and Crime
- Electronically Monitored Home Confinement
- Employee Theft
- Environmental Crime and Justice
- Experimental Criminology
- Family Violence
- Fear of Crime and Perceived Risk
- Felon Disenfranchisement
- Feminist Theories
- Feminist Victimization Theories
- Fencing and Stolen Goods Markets
- Firearms and Violence
- Forensic Science
- For-Profit Private Prisons and the Criminal Justice–Indust...
- Gangs, Peers, and Co-offending
- Gender and Crime
- Gendered Crime Pathways
- General Opportunity Victimization Theories
- Genetics, Environment, and Crime
- Green Criminology
- Halfway Houses
- Harm Reduction and Risky Behaviors
- Hate Crime
- Hate Crime Legislation
- Healthcare Fraud
- Hirschi, Travis
- History of Crime in the United Kingdom
- History of Criminology
- Homelessness and Crime
- Homicide Victimization
- Honor Cultures and Violence
- Hot Spots Policing
- Human Rights
- Human Trafficking
- Identity Theft
- Immigration, Crime, and Justice
- Incarceration, Mass
- Incarceration, Public Health Effects of
- Income Tax Evasion
- Institutional Anomie Theory
- Integrated Theory
- Interpersonal Violence, Historical Patterns of
- Intimate Partner Violence, Criminological Perspectives on
- Intimate Partner Violence, Police Responses to
- Investigation, Criminal
- Juvenile Delinquency
- Juvenile Justice System, The
- Kornhauser, Ruth Rosner
- Labeling Theory
- Labor Markets and Crime
- Land Use and Crime
- Lead and Crime
- LGBTQ Intimate Partner Violence
- Local Institutions and Neighborhood Crime
- Lombroso, Cesare
- Longitudinal Research in Criminology
- Mandatory Minimum Sentencing
- Mapping and Spatial Analysis of Crime, The
- Mass Media, Crime, and Justice
- Measuring Crime
- Mediation and Dispute Resolution Programs
- Mental Health and Crime
- Merton, Robert K.
- Meta-analysis in Criminology
- Middle-Class Crime and Criminality
- Migrant Detention and Incarceration
- Money Laundering
- Motor Vehicle Theft
- Narrative Criminology
- National Deviancy Symposia, The
- Nature Versus Nurture
- Neighborhood Disorder
- Neutralization Theory
- New Penology, The
- Offender Decision-Making and Motivation
- Offense Specialization/Expertise
- Organized Crime
- Outlaw Motorcycle Clubs
- Panel Methods in Criminology
- Peacemaking Criminology
- Peer Networks and Delinquency
- Performance Measurement and Accountability Systems
- Personality and Trait Theories of Crime
- Persons with a Mental Illness, Police Encounters with
- Phenomenological Theories of Crime
- Plea Bargaining
- Police Administration
- Police Cooperation, International
- Police Effectiveness
- Police History
- Police Militarization
- Police Misconduct
- Police, Race and the
- Police Use of Force
- Police, Violence against the
- Policing and Law Enforcement
- Policing, Body-Worn Cameras and
- Policing, Broken Windows
- Policing, Community and Problem-Oriented
- Policing Cybercrime
- Policing, Evidence-Based
- Policing, Intelligence-Led
- Policing, Privatization of
- Policing, Proactive
- Policing, School
- Policing, Stop-and-Frisk
- Policing, Third Party
- Prison Administration
- Prison Classification
- Prison, Disciplinary Segregation in
- Prison Education Exchange Programs
- Prison Gangs and Subculture
- Prison History
- Prison Labor
- Prison Visitation
- Prisoner Reentry
- Prisons and Jails
- Probation Revocation
- Procedural Justice
- Property Crime
- Prosecution and Courts
- Psychiatry, Psychology, and Crime: Historical and Current ...
- Psychology and Crime
- Public Criminology
- Public Opinion, Crime and Justice
- Public Order Crimes
- Public Social Control and Neighborhood Crime
- Punishment Justification and Goals
- Qualitative Methods in Criminology
- Queer Criminology
- Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice
- Racial Threat Hypothesis
- Racial Profiling
- Rape and Sexual Assault
- Rape, Fear of
- Rational Choice Theories
- Religion and Crime
- Restorative Justice
- Risk Assessment
- Routine Activity Theories
- School Bullying
- School Crime and Violence
- School Safety, Security, and Discipline
- Seasonality and Crime
- Self-Control, The General Theory:
- Self-Report Crime Surveys
- Sentencing Enhancements
- Sentencing, Evidence-Based
- Sentencing Guidelines
- Sentencing Policy
- Sex Crimes
- Sex Offender Policies and Legislation
- Sex Trafficking
- Sexual Revictimization
- Situational Action Theory
- Snitching and Use of Criminal Informants
- Social and Intellectual Context of Criminology, The
- Social Construction of Crime, The
- Social Control of Tobacco Use
- Social Control Theory
- Social Disorganization
- Social Ecology of Crime
- Social Learning Theory
- Social Networks
- Social Threat and Social Control
- Solitary Confinement
- South Africa, Crime and Justice in
- Sport Mega-Events Security
- Stalking and Harassment
- State Crime
- State Dependence and Population Heterogeneity in Theories ...
- Strain Theories
- Street Code
- Street Robbery
- Substance Use and Abuse
- Surveillance, Public and Private
- Sutherland, Edwin H.
- Technology and the Criminal Justice System
- Technology, Criminal Use of
- Terrorism and Hate Crime
- Terrorism, Criminological Explanations for
- Testimony, Eyewitness
- Therapeutic Jurisprudence
- Trajectory Methods in Criminology
- Transnational Crime
- Urban Politics and Crime
- US War on Terrorism, Legal Perspectives on the
- Victimization, Adolescent
- Victimization, Biosocial Theories of
- Victimization Patterns and Trends
- Victimization, Repeat
- Victimization, Vicarious and Related Forms of Secondary Tr...
- Victimless Crime
- Victim-Offender Overlap, The
- Violence Against Women
- Violence, Youth
- Violent Crime
- White-Collar Crime
- White-Collar Crime, The Global Financial Crisis and
- White-Collar Crime, Women and
- Wilson, James Q.
- Women, Girls, and Reentry
- Wrongful Conviction