In This Article Expand or collapse the "in this article" section Conflict Management in the Middle East

  • Introduction
  • Track Two Diplomacy
  • Culture and Conflict Management
  • Gender and Conflict Management
  • Nuclear Negotiations: The Case of Iran

International Relations Conflict Management in the Middle East
Faten Ghosn
  • LAST REVIEWED: 27 February 2019
  • LAST MODIFIED: 27 February 2019
  • DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199743292-0253


Although the Middle East is a dynamic region that has witnessed countless endeavors dealing with managing, resolving, and preventing conflicts from even emerging, most of the mainstream academic and policy focus has been on the Arab-Israeli peace process, in general, and the strategies of negotiation and mediation, in particular. This article goes beyond the dominant strategies of conflict management and the singular stress on the Arab-Israeli conflict by focusing on the different types of mechanisms available for actors in dealing with their conflict, including track-two diplomacy, the role of culture and gender in conflict management, and, last but not least, the emerging interest in the nuclear negotiations with Iran.

Arab-Israeli Peace Process

The Arab-Israeli peace process has dominated the agenda of policymakers and academics for decades. As a result, scores of publications have been written by former senior American and Israeli officials who have detailed their experiences pertaining to the mediation/negotiation process, with some providing lessons learned. At the same time, the majority of conflict management scholars, whose main area of expertise is the Middle East, have focused on understanding the dynamics of the peace process itself. However, these publications tend to primarily focus on the American involvement as a mediator, the Israeli-Egyptian, or the Israeli-Palestinian negotiations. The sections below have been divided to include a combination of academic and practitioner contributions, beginning with some general overviews of the peace process and proceeding to include references dealing with the specific negotiations between Israel and each of its neighbors separately.

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