In This Article Expand or collapse the "in this article" section Alternative Work Arrangements

Management Alternative Work Arrangements
Lindsey D. Cameron, Lyndon Garrett, Gretchen Spreitzer
  • LAST REVIEWED: 14 December 2022
  • LAST MODIFIED: 27 February 2019
  • DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199846740-0155


The literature on alternative work arrangements is broad, spanning multiple disciplines, including economics, sociology, information sciences, management, and organizational psychology. Alternative work arrangements are loosely defined as jobs that occur outside of a traditional employment context with the expectation of a long-term employment contract. Given the breadth of the topic this review limits its scope to alternative work arrangements in the United States, unless otherwise noted. Taken together, the literature broadly explores the social, economic, and legal trends influencing the growth of alternative workplace arrangements and the different configurations within the workplace.

Broader Trends Influencing Growth of Alternative Work Arrangements

Three trends are influencing the growth of alternative work arrangement: changes in the social economic environment, technological transformations, and shifts in the legal environment.

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