In This Article Expand or collapse the "in this article" section Geographies of Time

  • Introduction
  • Journals
  • Industrial Time

Geography Geographies of Time
Barney Warf
  • LAST REVIEWED: 19 March 2013
  • LAST MODIFIED: 19 March 2013
  • DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199874002-0071


Time, like space, appears “natural” but is not: every society develops different ways of measuring, organizing, and giving meaning to time. For example, we find time, lose time, make time, invest time, kill time, borrow time, budget time, waste time, run out of time, and so on. Far from being natural, time is a socially created, plastic, mutable institution that profoundly shapes, just as it is shaped by, individual perceptions and social relations. Time is also a deeply geographic phenomenon, experienced and structured in different ways in different spatial contexts. There is thus a geography of time, or more accurately, multiple geographies of time, which can be expressed in a variety of ways.


Geographies of time can be found in several journals, particularly Environment and Planning D: Society and Space. The well-known journal Time & Society contains a variety of sociological, historical, and spatial investigations. Progress in Human Geography is a leading outlet for summary statements of different genres within the discipline, including time-related subjects. The Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers is the foremost British geography journal and also carries papers on this subject.

  • Environment and Planning D: Society and Space.

    One of the premier interdisciplinary outlets for the analysis of social theory, Society and Space has carried numerous papers about time compression viewed from different conceptual perspectives, although most emanate from within contemporary social theory.

  • Progress in Human Geography.

    This journal is a well-respected, international outlet that often contains state-of-the-art summaries of the literature on different topics, including the social construction and spatial dimensions of time.

  • Time & Society.

    The foremost interdisciplinary outlet for the study of time, this journal contains numerous geographical treatises on time, including studies of business travelers, household time, and how post-Fordist capitalism has reshaped the rhythms of work and daily life.

  • Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers.

    The leading British journal for the study of geography, it contains several papers on the social construction of time from various theoretical perspectives.

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