In This Article Expand or collapse the "in this article" section Geographic Vulnerability to Climate Change

  • Introduction
  • General Overviews
  • Roots of Vulnerability Research
  • Reference Works
  • Climate-Driven Displacement, Migration, and Planned Relocation
  • Indigeneity
  • Intersectionality and Identity
  • Vulnerabilities of Political and Economic Systems

Geography Geographic Vulnerability to Climate Change
Narcisa Pricope, Lumari Pardo-Rodriguez, David López-Carr, Emily Williams, Lane Zorich
  • LAST REVIEWED: 11 October 2019
  • LAST MODIFIED: 22 February 2018
  • DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199874002-0181

Narcisa G. Pricope, Lumari Pardo-Rodriguez, David Lopez-Carr, Emily Williams, and Lane Zorich updated this article on 22 February 2018. It was originally written by Narcisa Pricope, Lumari Pardo-Rodriguez, and David López-Carr, published on 26 February 2013. The original article can be found here.


Attempts to analyze vulnerability to climate change—both qualitatively and quantitatively—build upon a longer history of vulnerability studies and hazards studies. “Vulnerability” is a widely used and useful concept for understanding the interaction of a relatively broad suite of environmental, socioeconomic, institutional, and political phenomena. Its analysis ranges across academic disciplines, including human and political ecology, social sciences, sustainability sciences, global change sciences, and socio-environmental synthesis, and examines the ways in which human societies are impacted by the environment, sometimes as modified by human activity. While a broad range of vulnerability analysis frameworks exist, all recognize that social, economic, institutional, and political structures modify social and environmental vulnerability. Assessments of vulnerability to climate change have brought together an interdisciplinary field, including both qualitative and quantitative analyses, combining climate, atmospheric, and earth sciences with demography, economics, anthropology, sociology, and political science.

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