Philosophy - Oxford Bibliographies

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A Priori Knowledge

Albert Casullo

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

A Priori Knowledge Introduction Questions about the existence, nature, and scope of a priori knowledge have been central to both the historical...

Abduction and Explanatory Reasoning

Igor Douven

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2019-01-15

Abduction and Explanatory ReasoningIntroductionThe term “abduction” originates in the work of the American pragmatist philosopher Charles Sanders Peir...


Evan Butts

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-10-25

AbilityIntroductionAbility attribution is a common and important feature of both everyday and theoretical discourse. People are given jobs, picked for...


Michael Tooley

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-05-28

Abortion Introduction Questions concerning the moral and appropriate legal status of abortion are among the most important issues in applied e...

Abstract Objects

Mark Balaguer

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2019-01-15

Abstract ObjectsIntroductionAn abstract object is a non-physical, non-mental object that exists outside of space and time and is wholly unextended. Fo...


Adrian Haddock

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Action Introduction The philosophy of action shares with its topic a certain uncertainty of location. Is action located inside the mind or outs...

Addams, Jane

Maurice Hamington

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2021-08-25

Jane AddamsIntroductionJane Addams (b. 1860–d. 1935) is considered one of the founding figures in American pragmatist philosophy, social work, and soc...

Adorno, Theodor

Lambert Zuidervaart

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-05-29

Theodor Adorno Introduction Theodor Wiesengrund Adorno (b. 1903–d. 1969) was a leading philosopher and social critic in postwar Germany. The o...

Aesthetic Hedonism

Mohan Matthen, Zachary Weinstein

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2019-04-24

Aesthetic HedonismIntroductionHedonism is the view that pleasure is the only thing that has final, or non-derivative, value: other things are valuable...

Aesthetics, Analytic Approaches to

Peter Lamarque

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Analytic Approaches to Aesthetics Introduction Aesthetics is broadly that branch of philosophy concerned with fundamental questions about the n...

Aesthetics, Continental

Clive Cazeaux

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Continental AestheticsIntroductionAesthetics in the Continental tradition of philosophy offers some of the most stimulating and influential ideas abou...

Aesthetics, Environmental

Glenn Parsons, Allen Carlson

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2022-03-23

Environmental AestheticsIntroductionEnvironmental aesthetics is a subfield of philosophical aesthetics that emerged in the latter 20th century. Previo...

Aesthetics, History of

Peter Lamarque

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-10-25

History of Aesthetics Introduction The first use of the term aesthetics in something like its modern sense is commonly attributed to Alexander...

African Philosophy, Contemporary

Thaddeus Metz

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Contemporary African Philosophy Introduction Given a broad sense of “philosophy” as systematic rational reflection on fundamental issues beyond...

Alexander, Samuel

Emily Thomas

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

Samuel Alexander Introduction Samuel Alexander (b. 1859–d. 1938) was one of the leading proponents of British emergentism, an early-20th-centu...

Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Gillian Russell

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-11-21

Analytic/Synthetic Distinction Introduction “The analytic/synthetic distinction” refers to a distinction between two kinds of truth. Synthetic...

Anarchism, Philosophical

William A. Edmundson, Bas van der Vossen

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

Philosophical Anarchism ...

Animal Rights

Mark Rowlands

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-12-19

Animal Rights Introduction The expression “animal rights” is employed in two different ways: one broad, the other narrow. When employed in the...

Anscombe, G. E. M.

Rachael Wiseman

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-01-11

G. E. M. AnscombeIntroductionG. E. M. Anscombe (b. 1919–d. 2001) is widely recognized as one of the most brilliant philosophers of the 20th century. D...

Anthropic Principle, The

Alasdair Richmond

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

The Anthropic Principle Introduction The enduringly controversial “anthropic principle” was baptized by Brandon Carter in 1974. Seeking a ba...

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