Evolutionary Biology - B - Oxford Bibliographies

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Phylogenetic Trees, Interpretation of

Stacey D. Smith

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-08-26

Interpretation of Phylogenetic Trees Introduction At first glance, a phylogenetic tree appears to be a relatively simple diagram, beginning at...

Phylogeography

Bryan C. Carstens

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Phylogeography Introduction The discipline of phylogeography is relatively new; it gained momentum when John Avise and colleagues coined the t...

Polyploid Speciation

Doug Soltis, Clayton Visger

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-10-27

Polyploid SpeciationIntroductionDiploid organisms have two complete sets of chromosomes. Polyploidy, often referred to now as whole genome duplication...

Population Genetics

A. Rus Hoelzel

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

Population GeneticsIntroductionThe molecule that determines life, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), can be usefully divided up into segments called “loci” ...

Population Structure

Gilles Guillot, Ludovic Orlando

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-10-28

Population Structure Introduction The term “population structure” (or “population subdivision”) usually refers to the patterns in neutral gene...

Post-Copulatory Sexual Selection

Patricia L.R. Brennan, Dara N. Orbach

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2021-02-24

Post-Copulatory Sexual SelectionIntroductionThe field of post-copulatory sexual selection investigates how female and male adaptations have evolved to...

Psychology, Evolutionary

S. Craig Roberts

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Evolutionary Psychology Introduction Evolutionary psychology aims to document, understand, and interpret human behavior using an evolutionary ...

Punctuated Equilibria

David Sepkoski

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Punctuated Equilibria Introduction In 1972, Niles Eldredge and Stephen Jay Gould published a paper titled “Punctuated Equilibria: An Alternati...

Quantitative Genetic Variation and Heritability

Eleanor O'Brien, John Hunt, Jason B. Wolf

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2015-04-29

Quantitative GeneticsIntroductionQuantitative genetics is the study of the genetic basis underlying phenotypic variation among individuals, with a foc...

Reaction Norms, Evolution of

Rebekah A. Oomen, Jeffrey A. Hutchings

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2020-10-28

Evolution of Reaction NormsIntroductionPhenotypic variance is a function of genetic variability, environmental variation, and the ways in which geneti...

Reinforcement

Henry Arenas-Castro, Beth Brittain, Daniel R. Matute, Daniel Ortiz-Barrientos

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2019-06-26

ReinforcementIntroductionReinforcement, or the strengthening of reproductive isolation in response to hybridization costs, is a case in which natural ...

Reproductive Proteins, Evolution of

Alberto Civetta

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2016-09-28

Evolution of Reproductive ProteinsIntroductionEvolutionary geneticists have long been interested in the identification of variation at the molecular l...

Selection Gradients

Sandy Kawano

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2020-01-15

Selection GradientsIntroductionNatural selection and sexual selection are important evolutionary processes that can shape the phenotypic distributions...

Selection, Directional

Andrew MacColl

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Directional Selection Introduction Directional selection occurs when individuals with traits on one side of the mean in their population survi...

Selection, Disruptive

Adam M. Siepielski

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-11-25

Disruptive Selection Introduction A population experiences disruptive selection when more extreme phenotypes (or genotypes) within a populatio...

Selection, Natural

Mark A. McPeek

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Natural Selection Introduction Natural selection is the evolutionary process by which individuals with particular attributes in a population c...

Selection, Sexual

Charlotta Kvarnemo

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Sexual Selection Introduction In 1871 Darwin introduced the “sexual selection” concept in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex

Selfish Genes

Jon Arvid Agren, Greg Hurst

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2017-10-25

Selfish GenesIntroductionIn its original formulation, Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection was based upon individual organisms. It is ind...

Sexual Conflict

Claudia Fricke

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Sexual Conflict Introduction Sexual conflict is an evolutionary theory within the framework of sexual selection based on the observation that ...

Sexual Selection and Speciation

Janette W. Boughman, Jason Keagy, Emily Weigel

Subject: Evolutionary Biology »

Date Added: 2017-02-28

Sexual Selection and SpeciationIntroductionThe widespread observation that for many closely related taxa, sexual traits differ more markedly than othe...

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