Music - C - Oxford Bibliographies

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Cage, John

Rob Haskins

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2015-04-29

John Cage Introduction In his teens and twenties, John Cage (b. 1912–d. 1992) was interested in music, visual art, and literature. Once he beg...


Mary I. Ingraham

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-01-21

CanadaIntroductionThe earliest documented musical encounters between indigenous peoples of what is now known as Canada and early European explorers da...

Cantus Firmus

Michael Alan Anderson, Aaron James

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2019-11-26

Cantus FirmusIntroductionA cantus firmus is a preexistent melody that forms the basis of a larger musical work. Source melodies in the cantus firmus t...


Emiliano Ricciardi

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2014-07-30

Canzonetta Introduction The canzonetta is a genre of secular vocal music that flourished in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. The first ...

Carter, Elliott

John Link

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2018-01-11

Elliott CarterIntroductionElliott Carter (b. 1908–d. 2012) was one of the leading composers in the United States from the mid-20th century until his d...

Castrato, The

Patricia Howard

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

The Castrato Introduction Although the practice of castrating boys and men, for ritual, medical, or punitive reasons, extends back to prehisto...


Sophie Benn

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2021-06-23

CelloIntroductionAn instrument with remarkable stylistic range and timbral affordances, the violoncello (referred to in this Bibliography by its commo...

Central Asia

Peter K. Marsh

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2015-03-10

Central Asia Introduction Central Asia, the core of the historic Silk Road, is commonly understood to consist of six nations: Afghanistan, Taj...

Chaconne and Passacaglia

Alexander Silbiger

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-01-21

Chaconne and PassacagliaIntroductionIn 1803 Cherubini’s opéra-ballet Anacréon, ou L’amour fugitif was given its first performance at the Paris Opèra. ...

Chamber Music

John Baron

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Chamber MusicIntroductionChamber music is music for a small ensemble of solo instruments that is sophisticated and performed in an intimate setting. T...

Chausson, Ernest

Brian Hart

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2020-07-29

Ernest ChaussonIntroductionAmédée-Ernest Chausson (b. 1855–d. 1899) was born in Paris to a wealthy contractor and his wife. Although he obtained a law...

Chávez, Carlos

Jacqueline Avila

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2021-11-23

Carlos ChávezIntroductionCarlos Antonio de Padua Chávez y Ramírez (b. 1899–d. 1978) was one of Mexico’s leading composers, conductors, administrators,...


Joseph S.C. Lam

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

China Introduction Chinese music constitutes a tremendously complex and expansive phenomenon; like the renowned Yellow River of China, it flows...

Christian Hymnody

C. Michael Hawn, Geoffrey C. Moore

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-08-30

Christian HymnodyIntroductionThe Christian church throughout history has, with few exceptions, been a singing body of believers. Congregational singin...

Classical Era

Bertil van Boer

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-10-29

Classical Era Introduction Perhaps the shortest and yet most prolific period in music history is the Classical Era. Traditionally, it has been...

Clementi, Muzio

Luca Lévi Sala

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2019-02-27

Muzio ClementiIntroductionMutius Philippus Vincentius Franciscus Xaverius Clementi (b. 1752–d. 1832) was an Italian composer, a pianist virtuoso and c...

Cold War Music

Peter Schmelz

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Cold War Music Introduction Contemporary music undeniably received attention during the Cold War—roughly the period between 1945 and 1991, fro...


Joseph T. Orchard

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2021-11-23

ConcertoIntroductionThe term concerto has been applied to music works since the early 16th century, first appearing in treatises almost a century late...

Conductors and Conducting

Raymond Holden

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-10-27

Conductors and ConductingIntroductionFundamental to any discussion concerning this literature is Richard Wagner’s highly influential article Über das ...


Thérèse de Goede

Subject: Music »

Date Added: 2016-08-30

ContinuoIntroductionThe term basso continuo (English: continuo, figured bass, thoroughbass, throughbass; German: Generalbass, Generalbaß, bezifferte B...

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