Classics - E - Oxford Bibliographies

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Economy, Roman

Dennis Kehoe

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-10-25

Roman Economy Introduction As in other preindustrial societies, the economy of the Roman Empire was based on agriculture, which employed the v...


Mark Joyal

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

EducationIntroductionGreek and Roman educational practices and theories exercised an unbroken though fluctuating influence on Western culture from the...

Egypt, Hellenistic and Roman

Caitlín E. Barrett

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-07-28

Hellenistic and Roman Egypt Introduction Alexander’s conquest of Egypt in 332 bce heralded two lengthy periods of foreign rule over the ancien...


Pia Campeggiani, David Konstan

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2017-01-11

EmotionsIntroductionOnly recently has the history of emotions emerged as a field of investigation, and within that field the study of emotions in clas...


Simon Trépanier

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2016-11-28

EmpedoclesIntroductionEmpedocles of Acragas was a philosopher-poet of the first half of the 5th century bce, one of the major Greek philosophers befor...


Sandro La Barbera

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2014-08-26

EnniusIntroductionQuintus Ennius was an author of Latin poetry and prose who lived and wrote between the second half of the 3rd century and the first ...


John Sellars

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2016-08-30

EpictetusIntroductionThe philosopher Epictetus (b. c. 55–d. c. 135 ce) came originally from Hierapolis in Asia Minor and became a slave in Rome under ...

Epicurean Ethics

J. Clerk Shaw, Jan Maximilian Robitzsch

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2021-10-27

Epicurean EthicsIntroductionEpicurean ethics is best known for its hedonism—Epicurus and his followers hold that pleasure (hēdonē) is the highest good...


Francesco Verde

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-08-31

EpicureanismIntroductionThe term “Epicureanism” means the philosophy of Epicurus (b. Samos c. 342–341 bce, d. Athens c. 271–270 bce) and the school fo...

Epigram, Greek Inscribed

Andrej Petrovic, Ivana Petrovic

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2019-04-24

Greek Inscribed EpigramIntroduction“Epigram,” (Gr. epigramma) is one of the terms that the Greeks employed, from Herodotus onward, for short verse-ins...

Epigrams, Greek Poetry

Ruth Scodel

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Greek Poetry: Epigrams Introduction Very soon after Greeks adapted the Phoenician alphabet, they began writing inscriptions in verse, most oft...

Epigraphy, Greek

Sara Saba, Gil H. Renberg

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Greek Epigraphy Introduction Epigraphy is the discipline devoted to the study of documents engraved, painted, or written on any material survi...

Epigraphy, Latin

Gil H. Renberg, Sara Saba

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Latin Epigraphy Introduction Epigraphy is the discipline devoted to the study of texts engraved, painted, or written on any material surviving...

Eratosthenes of Cyrene

P. J. Finglass

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2019-02-27

Eratosthenes of CyreneIntroductionEratosthenes was one of the great scholars of Antiquity. Born in Cyrene in c. 285, he studied in Athens before becom...


David Ridgway

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

EtruscansIntroductionFor most of the nine centuries prior to the Augustan settlement of Italy in 27 bce, the Etruscans were the most significant indig...


Sophie Mills

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-12-19

EuripidesIntroductionEuripides is one of the great Athenian tragedians whose dramatic output has survived, if only partially, into the modern era. His...

Euripides’ Bacchae

Fiona McHardy

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2019-03-27

Euripides’ BacchaeIntroductionProduced posthumously along with Iphigenia at Aulis and Alcmaeon in Corinth and awarded first prize at the City Dionysia...

Euripides’ Electra

Martin Cropp

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2017-05-24

Euripides’ ElectraIntroductionEuripides’ Electra was first performed in Athens, probably between 421 and 416 bce. It is thus one of his later plays (h...

Euripides’ Trojan Women

N. T. Croally

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2018-02-22

Euripides’ Trojan WomenIntroductionFirst performed in 415 bce, possibly as part of a trilogy (or even a tetralogy), The Trojan Women is a remarkable p...

Fabius Pictor

Tim Cornell

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2018-02-22

Fabius PictorIntroductionQuintus Fabius Pictor was the first Roman to write a history of his city in prose. A member of the great patrician family of ...

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