Linguistics - E - Oxford Bibliographies

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Adam Szczegielniak

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2018-04-26

EllipsisIntroductionEllipsis in linguistics refers to a construction whose phonological form is missing relative to the form that construction should ...

Endangered Languages

Chris Rogers, Lyle Campbell

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2011-10-28

Endangered LanguagesIntroductionEndangered languages are one of the highest priorities in linguistics in the early 21st century and one of the most ur...

English as a Lingua Franca

Jennifer Jenkins, Will Baker

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2020-04-22

English as a Lingua FrancaIntroductionThe phenomenon of English as a lingua franca (ELF), in other words English used among speakers who have differen...

English, Early Modern

Terttu Nevalainen

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2021-01-12

Early Modern EnglishIntroductionThe English language spoken and written in the 16th and 17th centuries has many names: it is variously known as Renais...

English, Old

Cynthia Allen

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2022-05-26

Old EnglishIntroductionThe West Germanic language brought to England from northwestern Germany and southern Denmark in the early 5th century ce is kno...


Jessica Coon, Maayan Abenina-Adar

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

ErgativityIntroductionErgativity refers to a system of marking grammatical relations in which intransitive subjects pattern together with transitive o...


Anna Berge

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2011-10-28

Eskimo-Aleut Introduction The Eskimo-Aleut language family is spoken from the Chukotka Peninsula in the Russian Far East, across subarctic and ...

Euphemisms and Dysphemisms

Kate Burridge

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2017-09-27

Euphemisms and DysphemismsIntroductionFrom the earliest periods in history, and in all human societies, themes such as “private parts,” bodily functio...


Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2011-10-28

Evidentials Introduction Evidentiality is a grammatical category with source of information as its primary meaning—whether the speaker saw the...

Exemplar-Based Models in Linguistics

Abby Kaplan

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2017-05-24

Exemplar-Based Models in LinguisticsIntroductionExemplar theory is not a single theory, but rather a family of related approaches to understanding lin...


Louise McNally

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2016-04-28

ExistentialIntroductionMany languages use specialized clause structures, known as existential sentences or existential constructions, the main functio...

Existential Wh-Constructions

Radek Šimík

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2017-05-24

Existential Wh-ConstructionsIntroductionExistential wh-constructions are wh-constructions that have a nominal distribution, an existential (indefinite...

Experimental Linguistics

Barbara Hemforth

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

Experimental Linguistics Introduction Experimental linguistics is about studying theories of linguistic representations based on quantitative ...


Keren Rice

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2011-10-28

Fieldwork Introduction When you hear the word “fieldwork,” you probably think of someone going to some remote location to study a language that...

Finite State Languages

Mans Hulden

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2014-03-27

Finite-State Languages Introduction A finite-state language—equivalently “regular language,” “type 3 language,” or “regular set”—belongs to th...

First Language Attrition

Monika Schmid

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2020-09-24

First Language AttritionIntroductionThe term “language attrition” refers to any process by which a language which an individual commands may be restru...

Formulaic Language

Koenraad Kuiper

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2017-11-29

Formulaic LanguageIntroduction“Formulaic language” is a term that has come into use, particularly in the United Kingdom, in the last two decades. Its ...


Jonathan Kasstan

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

FrancoprovençalIntroductionFrancoprovençal is the glottonym (language label) assigned by linguists to a severely endangered grouping of Romance variet...

French Grammars

Anne Abeillé

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2020-01-15

French GrammarsIntroductionThis article focuses on the 20th and 21st centuries, which have seen a growing number of grammars devoted to the French lan...


Jarich Hoekstra

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2017-09-27

FrisianIntroductionFrisian is a West Germanic language based in the Netherlands and Germany. The language consists of three dialect groups: (1) West F...

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