Ecology - E - Oxford Bibliographies

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Metabolic Scaling Theory

Chuck Price

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2014-08-26

Metabolic Scaling Theory Introduction Body size is among the most influential variables one could measure in attempting to understand interspe...

Metacommunity Dynamics

Florian Altermatt

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Metacommunity DynamicsIntroductionUnderstanding the distribution of species, their abundance, and their interactions with other species is the central...

Metapopulations and Spatial Population Processes

Ilkka Hanski

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Metapopulations and Spatial Population Processes Introduction Many habitats have a fragmented spatial distribution at the landscape level, suc...

Microclimate Ecology

Michael Kearney

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2018-01-11

Microclimate EcologyIntroductionMicroclimates are the thermal, hydric, and radiative conditions in the first meter or so above and below the earth’s s...


David W. Kikuchi, David W. Pfennig

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Mimicry Introduction Among nature’s most exquisite adaptations are examples in which natural selection has favored a species (the mimic) to re...

Multiple Stable States and Catastrophic Shifts in Ecosystems

Sonia Kéfi

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2019-06-26

Multiple Stable States and Catastrophic Shifts in EcosystemsIntroductionThe idea that ecosystems may have multiple alternative stable states dates bac...

Mutualisms and Symbioses

Judith Bronstein

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Mutualisms and SymbiosesIntroductionMutualisms, interactions between two species that benefit both of them, have long captured the public imagination....

Mycorrhizal Ecology

Baoming Ji, James D. Bever

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Mycorrhizal Ecology Introduction Mycorrhizae are ubiquitous in terrestrial ecosystems. With an increasing awareness that this symbiotic asso...

Natural History Tradition, The

Michael P. Branch, Johanna R. Landis, William V. Lombardi, Sarah Nolan, Andrew B. Ross

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-10-25

The Natural History Tradition Introduction The natural history tradition emerged from ancient philosophy and over time became more scientifica...

Networks, Ecological

Paulo R. Guimarães Jr.

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

Ecological Networks Introduction In any given ecological community individuals of hundreds of different species interact in multiple ways, for...

Niche Versus Neutral Models of Community Organization

Lindsay A. Turnbull

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Niche Versus Neutral Models of Community Organization Introduction Until very recently, the field of ecology has operated almost entirely ar...


Dan L. Warren, Nichole Bennett

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Niches Introduction The concept of the niche is one of the most important ideas in ecology, and yet it is one of the most muddled and confused...

Nutrient Foraging in Plants

Angela Hodge

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

Nutrient Foraging in PlantsIntroductionSoils are physically the most complex of all environments, comprising solid, liquid, and gas phases, and vary c...

Ocean Sprawl

Louise Firth

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2021-11-23

Ocean SprawlIntroductionOcean sprawl is the proliferation of engineered artificial structures in coastal and offshore marine environments. These inclu...

Odum, Eugene and Howard

Joel Hagen

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2017-10-25

Eugene and Howard OdumIntroductionEugene P. (b. 1913–d. 2002) and Howard T. (b. 1924–d. 2002) Odum were leading figures in the development of ecosyste...

Old Fields

Adam Clark

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2017-08-23

Old FieldsIntroductionOld fields are ecosystems that form on previously human-managed land after management has ceased. Traditionally, the term “old f...

Ordination Analysis

David J. Gibson

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Ordination Analysis Introduction Ordination is a multivariate method of gradient analysis and data reduction in which the distribution of sa...

Organic Agriculture, Ecology of

Miguel A. Altieri, Marcos Lana, Karin Stein-Bachinger, Johann Bachinger

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

The Ecology of Organic AgricultureIntroductionOrganic agriculture can be defined as a holistic production management system that avoids use of synthet...


Alistair Seddon

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Paleoecology Introduction Paleoecology, the ecology of the past, uses geological and biological evidence from fossil deposits to investigate t...


John P. Smol

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

PaleolimnologyIntroductionThe study of inland waters, such as lakes and rivers, is called limnology. However, one of the biggest challenges faced by e...

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