Philosophy - J - Oxford Bibliographies

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Legal Positivism

Michael Sevel, Brian Leiter

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Legal Positivism Introduction Legal positivism is one of the leading philosophical theories of the nature of law, and is characterized by two...

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm

Brandon C. Look

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Introduction Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (b. 1646–d. 1716) was one of the greatest of the early modern “rationalist” p...

Levinas, Emmanuel

Gabriel Malenfant

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-09-29

Emmanuel Levinas Introduction Emmanuel Levinas (b. 1906–d. 1995) was a philosopher famous for having developed an original interpretation of E...

Lewis, C. I.

Eric Dayton

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2021-08-25

C. I. LewisIntroductionClarence Irving Lewis (b. 1883–d. 1964) is arguably the most important philosopher bridging the pragmatism of the golden age of...


Ian Carter

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-01-28

Liberty Introduction The definition of “liberty” (or “freedom”—most political and social philosophers use these terms interchangeably) is a hi...

Literature, Philosophy of

Jonathan Gilmore

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

Philosophy of Literature Introduction The philosophy of literature addresses the most fundamental questions about the nature of literature as ...

Locke, John

Keith Allen

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

John Locke Introduction John Locke (1632–1704) was an English philosopher best known for his work in epistemology, metaphysics, and political p...

Locke, John: Identity, Persons, and Personal Identity

Ruth Boeker

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

Locke: Identity, Persons, and Personal Identity Introduction John Locke offered a very rich and influential account of persons and personal id...


Jc Beall, John Burgess

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-02-28

LogicIntroductionHistorically there has been considerable variation in the understanding of the scope of the field of logic. Our concern is with what ...

Lottery and Preface Paradoxes, The

Igor Douven

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

The Lottery and Preface Paradoxes Introduction People speak about their own and other people’s beliefs both in categorical terms and in terms ...


Duncan F. Kennedy

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-10-26

LucretiusIntroductionThe De rerum natura (usually translated as On the Nature of Things or On the Nature of the Universe) is a Latin poem in six books...

Machiavelli, Niccolò

Cary J. Nederman

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-06-29

Niccolò MachiavelliIntroductionNiccolò Machiavelli (b. 1469–d. 1527) was a civil servant in the 1498 Florentine Republic who, after he lost his positi...

Martin Heidegger: Later Works

Tobias Keiling

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2021-10-27

Martin Heidegger: Later WorksIntroductionMartin Heidegger (b. 1889–d. 1976) is a central figure in 20th century philosophy. Especially in his early wo...

Martin Heidegger: Middle Works

Tobias Keiling

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2021-11-23

Martin Heidegger: Middle WorksIntroductionMartin Heidegger (b. 1889–d. 1976) is a central figure in 20th-century philosophy. Especially in his early w...

Marx, Karl

David Leopold

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-04-29

Karl MarxIntroductionKarl Marx (b. 1818–d. 1883) was born into a Jewish family living in the Rhineland region of Prussia. Marx’s father was a lawyer w...

Material Constitution

Daniel Z. Korman

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2019-01-15

Material ConstitutionIntroductionMaterial constitution is a relation that obtains between two material objects when one is made up of the other, as wh...

Mathematical Explanation

Paolo Mancosu, Christopher Pincock

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-08-29

Mathematical Explanation Introduction Mathematical explanations are explanations in which mathematics plays a crucial role. There is a rich hi...

Mathematical Pluralism

Justin Clarke-Doane, Joel David Hamkins

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-02-28

Mathematical PluralismIntroductionConsider the Parallel Postulate. This is true of Euclidean space, and false of, e.g., hyperbolic space. Moreover, th...

Mathematical Structuralism

Elaine Landry

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-05-26

Mathematical StructuralismIntroductionMathematical structuralism is the view that, in some sense, mathematics is about structures and their relations,...

Mathematics, Philosophy of

Otávio Bueno

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Philosophy of Mathematics Introduction Philosophy of mathematics is arguably one of the oldest branches of philosophy, and one that bears sig...

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