Linguistics - K - Oxford Bibliographies

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Mark Johnson

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2013-11-27

MetaphorIntroductionFor nearly 2,500 years, since the time of Aristotle, scholars assumed that metaphor was simply a matter of language—cases in which...


Beth Hume, Scott Seyfarth

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2019-08-28

MetathesisIntroductionMetathesis is a term used in linguistics to describe a language pattern where a sequence of two sounds occurs in one order in on...


Klaus-Uwe Panther

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2019-10-30

MetonymyIntroductionMetonymy (Greek μετωνυμία, Latin denominatio) has been known as a rhetorical trope since Greek antiquity. The online Oxford Englis...

Minority Languages

Lenore Grenoble, Adam Roth Singerman

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

Minority Languages Introduction The term “minority language” enjoys a natural, but problematic, definition. In the most straightforward sense,...

Mixe-Zoquean Languages

Søren Wichmann

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Mixe-Zoquean Languages Introduction Mixe-Zoquean languages are spoken in an area spanning the Mexican isthmus of Tehuantepec. One member of th...

Mixed Languages

Peter Bakker

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

Mixed Languages Introduction The identification of a set of contact languages, many of which shared structural and social features that set th...


Sebastian Bücking

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2015-06-29

ModificationIntroductionThis article assembles sources that are concerned with modification as a combinatorial semantic operation—in, for example, gre...

Mon-Khmer Languages

Jan-Olof Svantesson

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2016-06-28

Mon-Khmer LanguagesIntroductionThe Mon-Khmer languages are spoken over a large scattered area in Mainland Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Mya...

Morphological Change

Geert Booij

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

Morphological Change Introduction Morphology is the subdiscipline of linguistics that deals with the structure of words. The study of word str...


Mark Aronoff

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2011-10-28

Morphology Introduction Morphology, the study of forms, is the branch of linguistics that deals with the internal structure of complex words. T...

Morphology, Subtractive

Stela Manova

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2016-04-28

Subtractive MorphologyIntroductionSubtraction consists in a shortening of a morphological base as in the Russian derivation mikrobiologija ‘microbiolo...


Akira Omaki, Masaya Yoshida

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

Movement Introduction Movement is an operation that was introduced by transformational theories of generative grammar to characterize so-calle...

Munda Languages

Gregory D.S. Anderson

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

Munda Languages Introduction The languages of the Munda family are spoken by around ten million people total, primarily in the eastern and cen...

Muskogean Languages

Jack Martin

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2011-10-28

Muskogean LanguagesIntroductionThe Muskogean languages are a family of languages native to the southeastern United States. The members of the family i...

Nasals and Nasalization

Bert Botma

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2017-06-27

Nasals and NasalizationIntroductionA nasal consonant is a consonant whose production involves a lowered velum and a closure in the oral cavity, so tha...


Laurence Horn

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2011-10-28

NegationIntroductionAbsent from otherwise complex systems of animal communication, negation is a sine qua non of every human language, allowing for th...

Niger-Congo Languages

Jeff Good

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2018-11-29

Niger-Congo LanguagesIntroductionNiger-Congo languages dominate sub-Saharan Africa, and the family constitutes one of the world’s largest referential ...

Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages

Brett Baker

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages Introduction The Non-Pama-Nyungan languages are those indigenous Australian languages whose traditional territory w...

Northeast Caucasian Languages

David Erschler

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Northeast Caucasian Languages Introduction Northeast Caucasian (also often referred to as Nakh-Dag(h)estanian) languages are autochthonously s...


George Starostin

Subject: Linguistics »

Date Added: 2013-10-29

Nostratic Introduction The term Nostratic commonly designates a hypothetical macrofamily, or “superfamily,” consisting of several linguistic f...

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