Buddhism - M - Oxford Bibliographies

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Paul B. Donnelly

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-05-29

MadhyamakaIntroductionThe Madhyamaka (Middle Way) school, along with the Yogācāra, is one of the two major schools of Indian Mahayana Buddhist thought...


Bart Dessein

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-02-26

MahāsāṃghikaIntroductionTradition posits the start of the history of the Mahāsāṃghika (Mahāsāńgika/Mahasamghika/Mahasanghika) school of Buddhism with ...

Mahāvairocana Sūtra/Tantra

Rolf Giebel

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2017-01-11

Mahāvairocana Sūtra/TantraIntroductionThe Mahāvairocana Sūtra was a seminal work in the history of Esoteric or tantric Buddhism, offering one of the f...


Daniel Boucher

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

MahayanaIntroductionThe origin, nature, organization, and influence of the collection of Buddhist movements subsumed under the label “Mahayana” (Great...

Mahayana, Early

David Drewes

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Early Mahayana Introduction In recent decades the study of early Mahayana has witnessed significant upheaval. Western scholars have abandoned ...


Alan Sponberg

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-08-29

Maitreya Introduction The Sanskrit epithet Maitreya, or “The Benevolent One” (Pali Metteya; Sinhala Maitrī; Tib. Byam-pa = Jam-pa; Ch. Mi-le; ...

Malaysia, Buddhism in

Jeffrey Samuels, Hun Lye

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-03-23

Buddhism in Malaysia Introduction Buddhist texts make reference to two Buddhist monks coming to Malaysia shortly after the third Buddhist counc...


Heather Blair

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Maṇḍala Introduction English glosses and definitions for the Sanskrit term maṇḍala vary considerably, ranging from “circle” to “energy grid” t...


Laura Harrington

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-02-06

Mañjuśrī Introduction Mañjuśrī (Ch. Wenshu; Jpn. Monju; Tib. ‘Jam-dpal) is one of the oldest and most significant bodhisattvas of the Indian Ma...

Mantras and Dhāraṇīs

Paul Copp

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Mantras and Dhāraṇīs Introduction Mantras and dhāraṇīs are two of the most prominent genres of incantation in Buddhism. Mantras, which tend t...

Mārga (Path)

Pierre-Julien Harter

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2017-07-26

Mārga (Path)IntroductionThe concept of the path or the way (mārga) is without a doubt one of the most important Buddhist concepts, and beyond Buddhism...


Andrew Quintman

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-04-24

Marpa Introduction Marpa Chokyi Lodro (Mar pa Chos kyi blo gros, b. c. 1012–d. 1097), a renowned lay Buddhist master and translator of Sanskrit...


C. Pierce Salguero

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-04-28

MedicineIntroductionKnowledge about physical health and disease has held a central place within Buddhist thought, and healing has remained a persisten...


David L. McMahan

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Meditation Introduction Buddhist meditation is made up of a wide array of techniques designed to produce heightened states of awareness and c...

Merit Transfer

James Egge

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

Merit TransferIntroductionMerit transfer is directing one’s own good deeds (or karma) to benefit another being. Practices of merit transfer are common...


Andrew Quintman

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-12-19

Milarépa Introduction Milarépa (Mi la ras pa, b. c. 1040–d. 1123) is one of the most famous figures in the history of Tibetan Buddhism. Althou...


Erik Braun

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-02-06

Mindfulness Introduction Mindfulness, the common translation of the Pali word sati (cognate of the Sanskrit word smṛti), has taken on a wide ra...

Miracles, Buddhist

David Fiordalis

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Buddhist Miracles Introduction To many ears, the expression “Buddhist miracles” remains “strangely hybrid,” adopting a phrase that Matthew Kap...

Modern Japanese Buddhist Philosophy

Gereon Kopf

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2019-02-27

Modern Japanese Buddhist PhilosophyIntroductionRecent years have seen an increased presence of Japanese Buddhist philosophy in the world of Anglophone...

Modernism, Buddhist

David L. McMahan

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Buddhist Modernism Introduction Scholars have used a cluster of terms—“Protestant Buddhism,” “modern Buddhism,” and most commonly, “Buddhis...

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