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Medieval Studies - M - Oxford Bibliographies

You are looking at 173 - 222 of 292 items

Machaut, Guillaume de

Alice V. Clark

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-03-23

Guillaume de MachautIntroductionGuillaume de Machaut (c. 1300–1377) is recognized by most scholars as the most important French poet and composer of t...

Magic in the Medieval Theater

Philip Butterworth

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-09-20

Magic in the Medieval Theater Introduction The concept and practice of magic in the Middle Ages was most popularly associated with witchcraft,...

Maidstone, Richard

Arthur Russell

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2019-07-31

Richard MaidstoneIntroductionRichard Maidstone (d. 1396) was a Carmelite friar, theologian, and poet whose career flourished during the reign of Richa...

Malmesbury, Aldhelm of

Rosalind C. Love

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Aldhelm of Malmesbury Introduction Aldhelm, abbot of Malmesbury (Wiltshire) and then bishop of Sherborne from about 705, was described by Bed...

Malory, Sir Thomas

D. Thomas Hanks, Jr.

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Sir Thomas Malory Introduction Most members of British and US cultures know the broad outlines of the Arthur story—the story of the Round Tabl...

Manuscript Illumination, Ottonian

Joshua O'Driscoll

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2019-04-24

Ottonian Manuscript IlluminationIntroductionAfter the collapse of the Carolingian empire in the 880s, the east Frankish kingdom (roughly equivalent to...

Marie de France

Glyn Burgess

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-10-27

Marie De FranceIntroductionOne of the first recorded female authors in European literature, Marie owes her name to a statement in the Epilogue to her

Markets and Fairs

James Davis

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-10-27

Markets and FairsIntroductionInterest in the role of markets and fairs within the medieval economy has undergone a resurgence since the 1990s. The ear...

Masculinity and Male Sexuality in the Middle Ages

Jacqueline Murray

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2018-04-26

Masculinity and Male Sexuality in the Middle AgesIntroductionThe history of men in the Middle Ages is a recent field of study. Although men have tradi...

Medicine

Peter Murray Jones

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Medicine Introduction Medieval medicine in Europe from 500 to 1500 was not an enclosed world; intellectual influences—as well as diseases—cam...

Medieval Archaeology in Britain, Fifth to Eleventh Centuries

David A. Hinton

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Medieval Archaeology in Britain, Fifth to Eleventh Centuries Introduction The extent and effects of population movements dominate the study o...

Medieval Archaeology in Britain, Twelfth to Fifteenth Centuries

David A. Hinton

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Medieval Archaeology in Britain, Twelfth to Fifteenth Centuries Introduction By the start of the 12th century, large-scale migrations had e...

Medieval Bologna

Rosa Smurra, Francesca Bocchi

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2022-01-12

Medieval BolognaIntroductionThe medieval period in Bologna spans from the end of the Gothic War in 553 ce to 1401, when Giovanni I Bentivoglio proclai...

Medieval Chant for the Mass Ordinary

Hana Vlhová-Wörner

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2021-04-21

Medieval Chant for the Mass OrdinaryIntroductionThe Ordinary of the Mass (Lat.: ordinarium missae) is part of the Roman mass and comprises six chants ...

Medieval English Universities

Hannah Skoda

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2017-06-27

Medieval English UniversitiesIntroductionMedieval English universities include, of course, only Oxford and Cambridge. These universities emerged in a ...

Medieval Ivories

Sarah Guérin

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2017-05-24

Medieval IvoriesIntroductionMammalian ivory—from the enlarged incisors of a number of different types of land and sea animals—has been a prized materi...

Medieval Latin Commentaries on Classical Myth

Amanda Gerber

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2020-02-26

Medieval Latin Commentaries on Classical MythIntroductionAs the abundance of extant medieval commentaries attests, classical mythology presented sever...

Medieval Music Theory

Jan Herlinger

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

Medieval Music TheoryIntroductionMedieval music theory encompasses technical writing on music from roughly 500 to 1450 ce—from the transmission to the...

Medieval Naples

Alexander Harper

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2017-01-11

Medieval NaplesIntroductionMedieval Naples, here defined as the period covering Late Antiquity (beginning 325 ce) through the end of Angevin rule (144...

Medieval Optics

Dallas G. Denery

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2019-01-15

Medieval OpticsIntroductionMedieval optics, also known as perspectivist optics from the mid-13th century on, offered a complete theory of human cognit...

Melusine

Olivia Colquitt

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2021-09-22

MelusineIntroductionThe Middle English Melusine is a prose romance produced by an anonymous author in the late 15th century. It is a reasonably faithf...

Mendicant Orders and Late Medieval Art Patronage in Italy

Sarah S. Wilkins, Corinna T. Gallori

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2022-09-26

Mendicant Orders and Late Medieval Art Patronage in ItalyIntroductionFirst emerging in the early thirteenth century, the mendicant orders rapidly rose...

Middle English Language

Thomas Cable

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Middle English Language Introduction The English language between c. 1100 and c. 1500 is known as Middle English, one of the three main stages...

Mirk, John

Beth Allison Barr, Lynneth J. Miller

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2018-10-25

John MirkIntroductionIn many ways, John Mirk (fl. c. 1382–c. 1414) embodies the concerns and currents of late medieval Christianity. Marked by an emph...

Mosaics in Italy

Thomas E. A. Dale, Daniel C. Cochran

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

Mosaics in ItalyIntroductionMosaic, a medium comprising natural stone and/or glass and pasta vitrea (glass paste) tesserae or cubes set into mortar, i...

Mozarabic Art

Rose Walker

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-08-30

Mozarabic ArtIntroductionFew artistic terms are as contentious as “Mozarabic art,” and some scholars prefer the term “repopulation art.” The word deri...

Music and Liturgy for the Cult of Saints

James J. Blasina, Nathan R. Anderson

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2021-10-27

Music and Liturgy for the Cult of SaintsIntroductionThe Christian liturgy was a central aspect of everyday life during the European Middle Ages, not o...

Music in Medieval Towns and Cities

Helen Coffey

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2022-11-29

Music in Medieval Towns and CitiesIntroductionMusical sounds were inherent to life within medieval urban centers of diverse size and stature. These so...

Musical Instruments

Timothy J. McGee

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2011-12-15

Musical Instruments Introduction Musical instruments had a constant presence during the Middle Ages. They were a part of many activities and oc...

N-Town Plays

Douglas Imada Sugano

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

N-Town Plays Introduction The N-Town plays, formerly known as the Hegge plays and as Ludus Coventriae, are anomalous among the late medieval E...

Necromancy, Theurgy, and Intermediary Beings

Claire Fanger

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Necromancy, Theurgy, and Intermediary Beings Introduction A relatively recent boom in scholarship on texts of ritual magic in manuscript is in...

Nibelungenlied, The

Francis G. Gentry

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2018-01-11

The NibelungenliedIntroductionThe long-line strophic work the Nibelungenlied was compiled about or shortly after the year 1200, and it stands out metr...

Nicholas of Cusa

Jason Aleksander

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-02-25

Nicholas of CusaIntroductionOver the past century, Nicholas of Cusa (Nicolaus Cusanus, Nikolaus von Kues, Nicolas de Cues, Nicolás de Cusa, Nicolau de...

Norman (and Anglo-Norman) Manuscript Ilumination

Laura Cleaver

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

Norman (and Anglo-Norman) Manuscript IlluminationIntroductionThe phrase “Norman manuscript illumination” is used to describe the styles of decoration ...

Nuns and Abbesses

Steven Vanderputten

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2019-11-26

Nuns and AbbessesIntroductionAlthough a substantial number of religious communities in the medieval West consisted partially or entirely of cloistered...

Old English Hexateuch, The Illustrated

Herbert R. Broderick FSA

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

The Illustrated Old English HexateuchIntroductionThe term “Old English Hexateuch,” or “Heptateuch,” refers to a compilation of Old English prose trans...

Old English Language

Thomas Cable

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Old English Language Introduction As the English language changed after the Norman Conquest, documents and literary texts written in Old English (fr...

Old English Literature and Critical Theory

Renée R. Trilling

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-04-28

Old English Literature and Critical TheoryIntroductionFrom the outset of the theoretical turn in the 1980s and 1990s, Old English studies appeared to ...

Old English Religious Poetry

Frederick M. Biggs

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Old English Religious Poetry Introduction The surviving vernacular poetry from the Anglo-Saxon period is mostly religious, much of it overtly ...

Old Norse-Icelandic Sagas

Jana K. Schulman

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Old Norse–Icelandic Sagas Introduction Medieval Iceland produced vernacular prose narratives of various sorts from the early 12th century thro...

Ottonian Art

Karen Blough

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Ottonian ArtIntroductionThis entry includes texts that address the visual arts primarily in the area represented by present-day Germany, Belgium, and ...

Ovid in the Middle Ages

Jamie C. Fumo

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2017-03-30

Ovid in the Middle AgesIntroductionThis article focuses on the academic study of, and literary engagement with, Ovid’s works in the medieval period, f...

Ovide moralisé, The

Richard Trachsler, Laura Endress

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2022-10-27

The Ovide MoraliséIntroductionThe anonymous French Ovide moralisé is the first full translation of Ovid’s Metamorphoses, covering nearly 72,000 lines ...

Owl and the Nightingale, The

Neil Cartlidge

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

The Owl and the NightingaleIntroductionThe Owl and the Nightingale is the earliest extant long comic poem in the English language, and one of the most...

Papacy, The Medieval

Thomas F.X. Noble, Atria Larson

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

The Medieval PapacyIntroductionThe papacy is the world’s oldest continuously functioning institution. A full history of the papacy would have four asp...

Paris

Sarah-Grace Heller

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-04-28

ParisIntroductionWhile Paris has been continuously inhabited since Celtic tribes settled on its islands in the Seine, developing into the Roman market...

Peasants

Philip Slavin

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Peasants Introduction Medieval peasantry has been a subject of much scholarly work since the mid-19th century. To a large extent, the pre–W...

Peter Abelard

Constant J. Mews

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

Peter AbelardIntroductionPeter Abelard (b. 1079–d. 1142) initially established his reputation in dialectic, as he describes in his Historia calamitatu...

Petrarch

Chris Kleinhenz

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Petrarch Introduction Through his Canzoniere, Francesco Petrarca (b. 1304–d. 1374) shaped in indelible ways the development of the love lyric ...

Pictish Art

Jane Geddes

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2013-05-28

Pictish Art Introduction Pictish art was created by people living predominantly in north and eastern Scotland between about the 4th and 10th c...

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