Medieval Studies - N - Oxford Bibliographies

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N-Town Plays

Douglas Imada Sugano

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

N-Town Plays Introduction The N-Town plays, formerly known as the Hegge plays and as Ludus Coventriae, are anomalous among the late medieval E...

Necromancy, Theurgy, and Intermediary Beings

Claire Fanger

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Necromancy, Theurgy, and Intermediary Beings Introduction A relatively recent boom in scholarship on texts of ritual magic in manuscript is in...

Nibelungenlied, The

Francis G. Gentry

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2018-01-11

The NibelungenliedIntroductionThe long-line strophic work the Nibelungenlied was compiled about or shortly after the year 1200, and it stands out metr...

Nicholas of Cusa

Jason Aleksander

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-02-25

Nicholas of CusaIntroductionOver the past century, Nicholas of Cusa (Nicolaus Cusanus, Nikolaus von Kues, Nicolas de Cues, Nicolás de Cusa, Nicolau de...

Norman (and Anglo-Norman) Manuscript Ilumination

Laura Cleaver

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

Norman (and Anglo-Norman) Manuscript IlluminationIntroductionThe phrase “Norman manuscript illumination” is used to describe the styles of decoration ...

Nuns and Abbesses

Steven Vanderputten

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2019-11-26

Nuns and AbbessesIntroductionAlthough a substantial number of religious communities in the medieval West consisted partially or entirely of cloistered...

Old English Hexateuch, The Illustrated

Herbert R. Broderick FSA

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

The Illustrated Old English HexateuchIntroductionThe term “Old English Hexateuch,” or “Heptateuch,” refers to a compilation of Old English prose trans...

Old English Language

Thomas Cable

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Old English Language Introduction As the English language changed after the Norman Conquest, documents and literary texts written in Old English (fr...

Old English Literature and Critical Theory

Renée R. Trilling

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-04-28

Old English Literature and Critical TheoryIntroductionFrom the outset of the theoretical turn in the 1980s and 1990s, Old English studies appeared to ...

Old English Religious Poetry

Frederick M. Biggs

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Old English Religious Poetry Introduction The surviving vernacular poetry from the Anglo-Saxon period is mostly religious, much of it overtly ...

Old Norse-Icelandic Sagas

Jana K. Schulman

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Old Norse–Icelandic Sagas Introduction Medieval Iceland produced vernacular prose narratives of various sorts from the early 12th century thro...

Ottonian Art

Karen Blough

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Ottonian ArtIntroductionThis entry includes texts that address the visual arts primarily in the area represented by present-day Germany, Belgium, and ...

Ovid in the Middle Ages

Jamie C. Fumo

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2017-03-30

Ovid in the Middle AgesIntroductionThis article focuses on the academic study of, and literary engagement with, Ovid’s works in the medieval period, f...

Ovide moralisé, The

Richard Trachsler, Laura Endress

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2022-10-27

The Ovide MoraliséIntroductionThe anonymous French Ovide moralisé is the first full translation of Ovid’s Metamorphoses, covering nearly 72,000 lines ...

Owl and the Nightingale, The

Neil Cartlidge

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

The Owl and the NightingaleIntroductionThe Owl and the Nightingale is the earliest extant long comic poem in the English language, and one of the most...

Papacy, The Medieval

Thomas F.X. Noble, Atria Larson

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

The Medieval PapacyIntroductionThe papacy is the world’s oldest continuously functioning institution. A full history of the papacy would have four asp...

Paris

Sarah-Grace Heller

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-04-28

ParisIntroductionWhile Paris has been continuously inhabited since Celtic tribes settled on its islands in the Seine, developing into the Roman market...

Peasants

Philip Slavin

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Peasants Introduction Medieval peasantry has been a subject of much scholarly work since the mid-19th century. To a large extent, the pre–W...

Peter Abelard

Constant J. Mews

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

Peter AbelardIntroductionPeter Abelard (b. 1079–d. 1142) initially established his reputation in dialectic, as he describes in his Historia calamitatu...

Petrarch

Chris Kleinhenz

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Petrarch Introduction Through his Canzoniere, Francesco Petrarca (b. 1304–d. 1374) shaped in indelible ways the development of the love lyric ...

Pictish Art

Jane Geddes

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2013-05-28

Pictish Art Introduction Pictish art was created by people living predominantly in north and eastern Scotland between about the 4th and 10th c...

Pizan, Christine de

Tracy Adams Rechtschaffen

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Christine de Pizan Introduction The prolific writer Christine de Pizan (b. c. 1364–d. c. 1431) was an innovative lyric poet, early champi...

Plowman, Piers

Lawrence Clopper

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Piers Plowman Introduction William Langland or William of Cleobury Mortimer (fl. 1360s–1380s) is the author of Piers Plowman, an allegorical p...

Poland

Pawel Kras

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Poland Introduction Scholars usually date the medieval history of Poland as starting in the mid-10th century, when the first written informat...

Poland, Ethnic and Religious Groups in Medieval

Pawel Kras

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Ethnic and Religious Groups in Medieval Poland Introduction Starting from its historical emergence in the 10th century, Poland formed the eas...

Pope Innocent III

John Doran

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Pope Innocent III Introduction Pope Innocent III (b. 1160 or 1161––d. 1216) is widely regarded as the most powerful pope of the Middle Ages. S...

Post-Conquest England

Joel Rosenthal

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Post-Conquest EnglandIntroductionThe customary periodization of English history refers to the period before the Norman Conquest as the Anglo-Saxon or ...

Pre-Carolingian Western European Kingdoms

Gregory I. Halfond

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-06-28

Pre-Carolingian Western European KingdomsIntroductionBetween c. 500 and 750 ce western Europe experienced significant political transformation. In the...

Prick of Conscience, The

James H. Morey

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-10-28

The Prick of Conscience Introduction The Prick of Conscience (PC) is a mid-14th-century poem of over 9,000 lines in octosyllabic couplets that...

Pucci, Antonio

Maria Bendinelli Predelli

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2019-05-29

Antonio PucciIntroductionLeaving aside Dante, Petrarch, and Boccaccio—the three exceptional figures of the Italian Trecento—Antonio Pucci (b. c. 1310–...

Queens

Elena Woodacre, Miriam Shadis

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

QueensIntroductionAs the wives, mothers, and daughters of kings, medieval queens acquired their status in one of two ways, either through marriage or,...

Rate Manuscript (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Ashmole 61)

Wendy Matlock

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2017-06-27

Rate Manuscript (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Ashmole 61)IntroductionOxford, Bodleian Library, MS Ashmole 61 is often referred to as the Rate manuscri...

Regions of Medieval France

Robert F. Berkhofer

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Regions of Medieval France Introduction While there were kings who claimed to rule the western Frankish kingdom after the division of the C...

Regular Canons

Martin Heale

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Regular CanonsIntroductionThe regular canons—clerics living in common and following a monastic rule—are not easy to categorize. In theory, the vocatio...

Religious Lyrics

John C. Hirsh

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Religious LyricsIntroductionAlthough dimly anticipated by certain Old English poetic texts, the Middle English religious lyric appears in the manuscri...

Rímur

Matthew James Driscoll

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2022-02-21

RímurIntroductionThe Icelandic rímur (lit. ‘rhymes’) are long narrative poems in complex meters, normally comprising several cantos or fits, each of w...

Robert Mannyng of Brunne

Kate Greenspan

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2017-10-25

Robert Mannyng of BrunneIntroductionEnglish poet and historiographer Robert Mannyng (b. c. 1283–d. c. 1338), the author of Handlyng Synne and The Stor...

Rolle, Richard

Margaret Connolly

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Richard Rolle Introduction Richard Rolle, who died in 1349, is the earliest of a group of five English writers who are generally referred to a...

Roman Law

Thomas Izbicki

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Roman LawIntroductionDuring the Middle Ages, law loomed large in efforts to manage life situations, beginning with the adaptation of late imperial law...

Romances (East and West Norse)

Marianne Kalinke

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2021-10-27

Romances (East and West Norse)IntroductionMedieval Scandinavian romances are categorized as East Norse (that is, Swedish), and West Norse (that is, No...

Romanesque Art

Elizabeth Valdez del Álamo

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Romanesque Art Introduction The fully vaulted building and its large-scale sculptural decoration is the great invention of Romanesque art of ...

Ruthwell Cross

Catherine E. Karkov

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2015-10-26

Ruthwell Cross Introduction The Ruthwell Cross is a freestanding stone cross, or high cross. It was carved and erected at some point in the 8t...

Sagas and Tales of Icelanders

Annette Lassen

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2022-04-25

Sagas and Tales of IcelandersIntroductionThe sagas of Icelanders deal with the life of wealthy farmers in Iceland in the period from 930 to 1030 ce, i...

Saint Plays and Miracles

Clifford Davidson

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Saint Plays and Miracles Introduction Shows based on the lives and martyrdoms of saints appear perhaps to have been the most widespread type o...

Saint-Denis

Robert F. Berkhofer

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Saint-Denis Introduction The monastery of Saint-Denis, just north of Paris along the Seine River, was dedicated to Denis (Dionysius), the 3rd...

Scandinavian Migration-Period Gold Bracteates

Nancy L. Wicker

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Scandinavian Migration-Period Gold BracteatesIntroductionScandinavian bracteates of the Migration period (5th and 6th centuries ce) are small disks (u...

Schools in Medieval Britain

Nicholas Orme

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-03-23

Schools in Medieval BritainIntroductionSchools are here defined as places where literary skills are taught to children and adolescents up to about the...

Scogan, Henry

Andrew Galloway

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-04-24

Henry Scogan Introduction Henry Scogan (b. c. 1361–d. 1407) emerged into view accurately only with Kittredge 1892 (cited under Biography), as a...

Seals

Brigitte Miriam Bedos-Rezak

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

Seals Introduction A medieval seal is a dual object: a metallic seal-matrix (or die) engraved intaglio, and the imprints or impressions issued...

Sermons

Thomas N. Nall

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-12-19

Sermons Introduction Sermons go back to the very beginning of the Christian tradition, or even further if one recalls their use in ancient Jew...

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