Criminology - N - Oxford Bibliographies

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Police Cooperation, International

Joseph Schafer

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2014-03-27

International Police Cooperation Introduction The idea of international cooperation among police agencies and other facets of the criminal jus...

Police Discretion

Benjamin Brown

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2022-07-26

Police DiscretionIntroductionPolice discretion has long been, and remains, a controversial matter. Contrary to the notions that the law is to be unifo...

Police Effectiveness

Gary Cordner

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Police Effectiveness Introduction Police effectiveness refers to the extent to which policing achieves its proper, officially sanctioned goals...

Police History

Peter Neyroud, Antonio Vera

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2012-11-21

Police HistoryIntroduction“Police history” predates the evolution of the “police” as a permanent occupational group within a bureaucratic institution,...

Police Militarization

Scott W. Phillips

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2018-06-27

Police MilitarizationIntroductionPolice militarization has been a background topic of research in law enforcement for several years. That is, only a s...

Police Misconduct

Timothy M. Maher

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2015-05-29

Police Misconduct Introduction Police misconduct, also called police deviance, refers to inappropriate actions taken by police officers in con...

Police Use of Force

Tammy Kochel, Tyrell Spencer

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2014-03-27

Police Use of ForceIntroductionBittner 1970 (cited under General Overviews) asserts that the role of police is inextricably tied to their unique capac...

Police, Race and the

Patricia Y. Warren

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2011-04-14

Race and the Police Introduction Criminological research has consistently explored the relationship between race and policing. Early research f...

Police, Violence against the

Cara Rabe-Hemp

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2019-02-27

Violence against the PoliceIntroductionViolence against police is a statistically rare event, usually resulting in minor injuries for officers. Howeve...

Policing and Law Enforcement

James J. Willis

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Policing and Law Enforcement Introduction Because modern law enforcement agencies do many different things, it is impossible to define policing...

Policing Cybercrime

Adam M. Bossler

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2018-05-24

Policing CybercrimeIntroductionAs technology continues to become intertwined with each aspect of our lives, law enforcement at all levels will need to...

Policing, Body-Worn Cameras and

Jacob Young, Audrey Puckett

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2020-11-24

Body-Worn Cameras and PolicingIntroductionBody-worn cameras (BWCs) are being deployed in police departments at unprecedented rates according to empiri...

Policing, Broken Windows

Jacinta M. Gau, Alesha Cameron

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2019-03-27

Broken Windows PolicingIntroductionThe 1980s saw sweeping changes occur in policing nationwide. Disorder (sometimes also called incivilities) rose to ...

Policing, Community and Problem-Oriented

Jack Greene

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Community and Problem-Oriented Policing Introduction Ideas associated with community and problem-oriented policing came about in the late 1980s...

Policing, Evidence-Based

Cody W. Telep

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2018-09-25

Evidence-Based PolicingIntroductionThere has been a strong push for evidence-based policing around the world in recent years from researchers, practit...

Policing, Intelligence-Led

Jeremy Carter

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2018-06-27

Intelligence-Led PolicingIntroductionIn the wake of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, law enforcement agencies across local, state, and fed...

Policing, Privatization of

James F. Pastor

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Privatization of Policing Introduction Privatization of police is quite controversial. It has strong opposition from wide-ranging viewpoints an...

Policing, Proactive

Justin Nix, Jeff Rojek

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2014-11-25

Proactive Policing Introduction Since the 1970s, scholars have called for law enforcement in the United States to be more proactive. As...

Policing, School

Joseph M. McKenna, Kathy E. Martinez-Prather

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2018-08-28

School PolicingIntroductionOver the past several decades, across the nation, the use of full-time law enforcement in K–12 schools has continued to inc...

Policing, Stop-and-Frisk

Philip Levchak

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2021-07-28

Stop-and-Frisk PolicingIntroductionStop and frisk is a proactive policing strategy that is widely used by police departments across the globe. In the ...

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