Classics - O - Oxford Bibliographies

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Cristina Rosillo-López

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2018-08-28

Optimates/PopularesIntroductionPopulares and optimates are two political denominations, especially used in ancient Roman politics during the 1st centu...


Peter Van Nuffelen

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2021-03-24

OrosiusIntroductionOrosius was a Spanish priest, attested in the years 414–419. He is best known as the author of the Histories against the pagans (41...

Orpheus and Orphism

Alberto Bernabé

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2014-08-26

Orpheus and Orphism Introduction In classical Antiquity some religious poems written in hexameters were attributed to Orpheus, a mythical sing...


K. Sara Myers

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

OvidIntroductionAll of Ovid’s poetry bears the hallmarks of his distinctive style: humor, wit (often expressed through word play), great literary lear...

Ovid's Metamorphoses

Lee Fratantuono

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

Ovid’s MetamorphosesIntroductionOvid’s Metamorphoses is an epic poem in fifteen books that offers a panoramic vision of classical mythology from the c...

Ovid’s Exile Poetry

Garth Tissol

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2017-09-27

Ovid’s Exile PoetryIntroductionOvid’s poetry of exile, once considered of interest only as a source of historical and biographical details, now enjoys...

Ovid’s Love Poetry

Thea S. Thorsen

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2017-09-27

Ovid’s Love PoetryIntroductionAlways brilliantly marshaling the rich resources of the art of literature, the love poetry of the great and prolific poe...

Painting, Greek

Stella G. Miller

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2016-08-30

Greek PaintingIntroductionThe scope of this article under the heading of Greek painting is broad. In effect, this article takes on the almost impossib...

Panaetius of Rhodes

Francesca Alesse

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-01-15

Panaetius of Rhodes Introduction Panaetius of Rhodes was a Stoic philosopher of the 2nd century bce. A pupil of the Stoic scholarchs Diogenes ...

Panathenaic Festival, the

Tyler Jo Smith

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2022-04-25

The Panathenaic FestivalIntroductionThe Panathenaic festival (Panathenaia), celebrated in Athens to honor the city’s patron goddess Athena, is one of ...


Rabun M. Taylor

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2016-05-26

PantheonIntroductionThe Pantheon is the most celebrated and most studied of Roman buildings—not only because of its arresting form, excellent preserva...

Papyrology: Literary and Documentary

Rodney Ast

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Papyrology: Literary and Documentary Introduction Papyrology owes its name to the paper-like writing material produced from the papyrus plant o...


John Palmer

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

ParmenidesIntroductionActive in the earlier part of the 5th century bce, Parmenides of Elea is Presocratic philosophy’s most challenging and profound ...


Jenifer Neils

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Parthenon Introduction The Parthenon, the largest and most highly decorated temple of Athena on the Acropolis of Athens, and its sculptures hav...


William Hutton

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Pausanias Introduction Pausanias was a Greek author of the second century ce (b. c. 115–d. c. 180), whose only known work is the Periegesis Hel...

Performance Culture, Greek

Dimitrios Yatromanolakis

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2017-09-27

Greek Performance CultureIntroductionAncient Greece—despite differences in local societies and diverse discontinuities over a span of many centuries—l...

Perikles (Pericles)

Robert W. Wallace

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

Perikles (Pericles)IntroductionPerikles is often considered Greece’s greatest democratic leader, and Athens in the mid-5th century bce often bears his...


Costas Panayotakis

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Petronius Introduction The Satyricon of Petronius, whom most (but not all) scholars nowadays identify with emperor Nero’s courtier Titus Petro...

Philo of Alexandria

Gregory E. Sterling

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-10-26

Philo of Alexandria Introduction Philo of Alexandria (c. 20 bce–c. 50 ce) was the most prolific commentator on the Pentateuch in the Second Te...

Philodemus of Gadara

Holger Essler

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

Philodemus of GadaraIntroductionPhilodemus of Gadara (b. Gadara c. 110–d. after 40 bce) was an Epicurean philosopher (see also Oxford Bibliographies a...

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