Criminology - O - Oxford Bibliographies

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Offender Decision-Making and Motivation

Volkan Topalli

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Offender Decision-Making and Motivation Introduction Though it may seem odd to think of it as such, breaking the law (i.e., criminality) is a s...

Offense Specialization/Expertise

Kimberly Kempf-Leonard

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Offense Specialization/Expertise Introduction The notion of a career in crime, similar to an upward trajectory along a legitimate occupatio...

Organized Crime

Jay S. Albanese

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Organized Crime Introduction Organized crime is a continuing criminal enterprise that works to profit from illicit activities that are ofte...

Outlaw Motorcycle Clubs

Tereza Østbø Kuldova

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2021-05-26

Outlaw Motorcycle ClubsIntroductionOutlaw motorcycle clubs (OMCs), also referred to as outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMCGs), such as the iconic Hells Angel...

Panel Methods in Criminology

Julie Phillips

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2013-05-28

Panel Methods in Criminology Introduction Panel data, sometimes called repeated measures or multilevel data, have a hierarchical or nested str...

Peacemaking Criminology

J. Renee Trombley

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2019-03-27

Peacemaking CriminologyIntroductionPeacemaking criminology is a branch of critical criminology that became popular in the early 1990s, largely through...

Peer Networks and Delinquency

Gregory M. Zimmerman, Alexis Yohros, Carter Rees

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Peer Networks and DelinquencyIntroductionThis article is concerned with (primarily criminological) research on the relationship between engaging in de...

Performance Measurement and Accountability Systems

Nerea Marteache Solans, Michael Maxfield

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2011-04-14

Performance Measurement and Accountability Systems Introduction Performance measurement is one of a family of tools to rationalize and evaluate...

Personality and Trait Theories of Crime

John Paul Wright, Kristan Moore

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Personality and Trait Theories of Crime Introduction Personality reflects the totality of a human being’s beliefs, attitudes, behaviors, and w...

Persons with a Mental Illness, Police Encounters with

Duncan Chappell, Anthony O'Brien

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2019-01-15

Police Encounters with Persons with a Mental IllnessIntroductionInvolvement with people with a mental illness (PMI) has been a feature of the role of ...

Phenomenological Theories of Crime

Peter K. Manning, Michael W. Raphael

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2012-07-24

Phenomenological Theories of Crime Introduction The distinctive aspect of phenomenological theories of crime is that they are based upon a sta...

Plea Bargaining

Rebecca K. Helm

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2019-05-29

Plea BargainingIntroductionPlea bargaining is a process in the criminal justice system through which a defendant agrees to plead guilty to a specified...


A.M. Lemieux

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2017-03-30

PoachingIntroductionPoaching, the illegal taking of wildlife, be it plants, animals, or fish, is the first event in a series of crimes that supply the...

Police Administration

Gary Cordner, Joseph Schafer

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2011-04-14

Police AdministrationIntroductionPolice administration refers to the organization and management of policing. The conceptual breadth of the term “poli...

Police Cooperation, International

Joseph Schafer

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2014-03-27

International Police Cooperation Introduction The idea of international cooperation among police agencies and other facets of the criminal jus...

Police Discretion

Benjamin Brown

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2022-07-26

Police DiscretionIntroductionPolice discretion has long been, and remains, a controversial matter. Contrary to the notions that the law is to be unifo...

Police Effectiveness

Gary Cordner

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Police Effectiveness Introduction Police effectiveness refers to the extent to which policing achieves its proper, officially sanctioned goals...

Police History

Peter Neyroud, Antonio Vera

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2012-11-21

Police HistoryIntroduction“Police history” predates the evolution of the “police” as a permanent occupational group within a bureaucratic institution,...

Police Militarization

Scott W. Phillips

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2018-06-27

Police MilitarizationIntroductionPolice militarization has been a background topic of research in law enforcement for several years. That is, only a s...

Police Misconduct

Timothy M. Maher

Subject: Criminology »

Date Added: 2015-05-29

Police Misconduct Introduction Police misconduct, also called police deviance, refers to inappropriate actions taken by police officers in con...

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