About this Subject Expand or collapse the "about this subject" section

Forthcoming Articles Expand or collapse the "forthcoming articles" section


Ecology - O - Oxford Bibliographies

You are looking at 159 - 178 of 239 items

Ocean Sprawl

Louise Firth

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2021-11-23

Ocean SprawlIntroductionOcean sprawl is the proliferation of engineered artificial structures in coastal and offshore marine environments. These inclu...

Odum, Eugene and Howard

Joel Hagen

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2017-10-25

Eugene and Howard OdumIntroductionEugene P. (b. 1913–d. 2002) and Howard T. (b. 1924–d. 2002) Odum were leading figures in the development of ecosyste...

Old Fields

Adam Clark

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2017-08-23

Old FieldsIntroductionOld fields are ecosystems that form on previously human-managed land after management has ceased. Traditionally, the term “old f...

Ordination Analysis

David J. Gibson

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Ordination Analysis Introduction Ordination is a multivariate method of gradient analysis and data reduction in which the distribution of sa...

Organic Agriculture, Ecology of

Miguel A. Altieri, Marcos Lana, Karin Stein-Bachinger, Johann Bachinger

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

The Ecology of Organic AgricultureIntroductionOrganic agriculture can be defined as a holistic production management system that avoids use of synthet...


Alistair Seddon

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Paleoecology Introduction Paleoecology, the ecology of the past, uses geological and biological evidence from fossil deposits to investigate t...


John P. Smol

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

PaleolimnologyIntroductionThe study of inland waters, such as lakes and rivers, is called limnology. However, one of the biggest challenges faced by e...

Parental Care, Evolution of

James Gilbert

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Evolution of Parental Care Introduction Parental care is such a fundamental behavior to us that we often forget that it requires an evolutiona...

Pastures and Pastoralism

Nicolas Schoof, Rainer Luick

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2018-11-29

Pastures and PastoralismIntroductionPastureland (synonymously grassland) is land devoted to the production of forage for harvest by grazing, cutting, ...

Patch Dynamics

Lindsey Gillson

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Patch Dynamics Introduction Patch dynamics is the study of spatial patterns in landscapes and the ecological and environmental processes that ...


Dale H. Vitt

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

PeatlandsIntroductionPeatland ecosystems are characterized by a substantial accumulation of organic matter in soil (peat), resulting from long-term ex...

Phenotypic Selection

Ryan Calsbeek

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Phenotypic Selection Introduction Natural and sexual selection are the two most important facets of adaptive evolution. The two processes are cl...

Philosophy, Ecological

Peter Taylor

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2015-01-15

Ecological Philosophy Introduction Ecological philosophy does not have a single meaning. To some social thinkers it signifies a worldview that...

Phylogenetics and Comparative Methods

Nathan G. Swenson

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

Phylogenetics and Comparative Methods Introduction Ecologists and evolutionary biologists alike are frequently concerned with whether two char...

Physiological Ecology of Nutrient Acquisition in Animals

Michele M. Skopec

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

Physiological Ecology of Nutrient Acquisition in Animals Introduction Physiological ecologists are interested in how animals have adapted phys...

Physiological Ecology of Photosynthesis

Greg A. Barron-Gafford

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Physiological Ecology of Photosynthesis Introduction The study of the physiological ecology of photosynthesis is nearly a century-old field th...

Physiological Ecology of Water Balance in Terrestrial Animals

Sue Nicolson

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2014-05-29

Physiological Ecology of Water Balance in Terrestrial Animals Introduction Physiological ecology is concerned with the interactions between ph...

Physiological Ecology of Water Balance in Terrestrial Plants

Paul Barnes

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2019-07-31

Physiological Ecology of Water Balance in Terrestrial PlantsIntroductionWater is one of the most important environmental factors limiting the growth a...

Plant Blindness

Dawn Sanders, Helen Ougham, Howard Thomas

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2020-09-24

Plant BlindnessIntroduction“Plant blindness” is the phrase introduced in an influential 1999 publication by James Wandersee and Elisabeth Schussler in...

Plant Disease Epidemiology

M. J. Jeger, K. L. Stevenson, L. V. Madden

Subject: Ecology »

Date Added: 2017-01-11

Plant Disease EpidemiologyIntroductionEpidemiology is the science of how disease develops in populations, in the context here in plant populations. It...

How to Subscribe

Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.