Classics - P - Oxford Bibliographies

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Painting, Greek

Stella G. Miller

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2016-08-30

Greek PaintingIntroductionThe scope of this article under the heading of Greek painting is broad. In effect, this article takes on the almost impossib...

Panaetius of Rhodes

Francesca Alesse

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-01-15

Panaetius of Rhodes Introduction Panaetius of Rhodes was a Stoic philosopher of the 2nd century bce. A pupil of the Stoic scholarchs Diogenes ...

Panathenaic Festival, the

Tyler Jo Smith

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2022-04-25

The Panathenaic FestivalIntroductionThe Panathenaic festival (Panathenaia), celebrated in Athens to honor the city’s patron goddess Athena, is one of ...


Rabun M. Taylor

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2016-05-26

PantheonIntroductionThe Pantheon is the most celebrated and most studied of Roman buildings—not only because of its arresting form, excellent preserva...

Papyrology: Literary and Documentary

Rodney Ast

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Papyrology: Literary and Documentary Introduction Papyrology owes its name to the paper-like writing material produced from the papyrus plant o...


John Palmer

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

ParmenidesIntroductionActive in the earlier part of the 5th century bce, Parmenides of Elea is Presocratic philosophy’s most challenging and profound ...


Jenifer Neils

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Parthenon Introduction The Parthenon, the largest and most highly decorated temple of Athena on the Acropolis of Athens, and its sculptures hav...


William Hutton

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Pausanias Introduction Pausanias was a Greek author of the second century ce (b. c. 115–d. c. 180), whose only known work is the Periegesis Hel...

Performance Culture, Greek

Dimitrios Yatromanolakis

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2017-09-27

Greek Performance CultureIntroductionAncient Greece—despite differences in local societies and diverse discontinuities over a span of many centuries—l...

Perikles (Pericles)

Robert W. Wallace

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

Perikles (Pericles)IntroductionPerikles is often considered Greece’s greatest democratic leader, and Athens in the mid-5th century bce often bears his...


Costas Panayotakis

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Petronius Introduction The Satyricon of Petronius, whom most (but not all) scholars nowadays identify with emperor Nero’s courtier Titus Petro...

Philo of Alexandria

Gregory E. Sterling

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-10-26

Philo of Alexandria Introduction Philo of Alexandria (c. 20 bce–c. 50 ce) was the most prolific commentator on the Pentateuch in the Second Te...

Philodemus of Gadara

Holger Essler

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

Philodemus of GadaraIntroductionPhilodemus of Gadara (b. Gadara c. 110–d. after 40 bce) was an Epicurean philosopher (see also Oxford Bibliographies a...


Miira Tuominen

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2020-07-29

PhiloponusIntroductionJohn of Alexandria or John the Grammarian, known as John Philoponus (c. 490s–570s), was a philosopher and theologian in 6th-cent...

Philosophy of Language, Ancient

Francesco Ademollo

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

Ancient Philosophy of Language Introduction Ancient reflection on language seems to have been initially pursued neither systematically nor for...

Philosophy, Greek

Anthony Preus

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-10-25

Greek PhilosophyIntroductionThe title “Ancient Greek Philosophy” may be applied to philosophical texts written in Greek over a period of somewhat more...

Philosophy, Presocratic

Richard D. McKirahan

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

Presocratic PhilosophyIntroductionThe word “Presocratic” was invented in the 19th century ce and does not represent a category recognized in antiquity...

Philosophy, Roman

Gretchen Reydams-Schils

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Roman PhilosophyIntroductionIn the ancient world, the term “philosophy” meant primarily “Greek philosophy.” Philosophy was invented and developed in a...

Philostratus, Lucius Flavius

Owen Hodkinson

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

Lucius Flavius PhilostratusIntroductionL. Flavius Philostratus (b. c. 170 ce–d. c. 240s), Philostratus II or “the younger,” is one of several related ...


Mary R. Lefkowitz

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2009-12-14

Pindar Introduction Pindar has been admired since antiquity for the dramatic brilliance of his poetry. Of the various genres in which he wr...

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