Philosophy - P - Oxford Bibliographies

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Material Constitution

Daniel Z. Korman

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2019-01-15

Material ConstitutionIntroductionMaterial constitution is a relation that obtains between two material objects when one is made up of the other, as wh...

Mathematical Explanation

Paolo Mancosu, Christopher Pincock

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-08-29

Mathematical Explanation Introduction Mathematical explanations are explanations in which mathematics plays a crucial role. There is a rich hi...

Mathematical Pluralism

Justin Clarke-Doane, Joel David Hamkins

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-02-28

Mathematical PluralismIntroductionConsider the Parallel Postulate. This is true of Euclidean space, and false of, e.g., hyperbolic space. Moreover, th...

Mathematical Structuralism

Elaine Landry

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-05-26

Mathematical StructuralismIntroductionMathematical structuralism is the view that, in some sense, mathematics is about structures and their relations,...

Mathematics, Philosophy of

Otávio Bueno

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Philosophy of Mathematics Introduction Philosophy of mathematics is arguably one of the oldest branches of philosophy, and one that bears sig...

Mathematics, Visual Thinking in

Jessica Carter

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2019-08-28

Visual Thinking in MathematicsIntroductionIn contemporary philosophy, “visual thinking in mathematics” refers to studies of the kinds and roles of vis...

McDowell, John

Tim Thornton

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-09-29

John Mcdowell Introduction John McDowell was born in Boksburg, South Africa, in 1942 and educated at University College of Rhodesia and Nyasal...

McTaggart, John

Emily Thomas

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-03-27

John McTaggart Introduction The Cambridge philosopher J. M. E. McTaggart (1866–1925) was a British idealist, best known to contemporary philos...

Meaning of Life, The

Thaddeus Metz

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

The Meaning of Life Introduction For millennia, thinkers have addressed the question of what, if anything, makes a life meaningful in some form...

Mechanisms in Science

Carl Craver, Beate Krickel

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2019-10-30

Mechanisms in ScienceIntroductionMany areas of science are animated by the search for mechanisms: experiments are designed to find them, explanations ...

Medically Assisted Dying

Robert Young

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Medically Assisted DyingIntroductionAlthough a few noteworthy philosophical contributions were made in the middle of the last century to the debate ab...

Medicine, Contemporary Philosophy of

James Marcum

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine Introduction Contemporary medicine is fragmented in terms of approaches to what it is or should be, as wel...

Medieval Logic

E. Jennifer Ashworth

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-06-29

Medieval Logic Introduction Medieval logic has wide geographical, linguistic, and chronological borders. Its origins are in ancient Greece, es...

Medieval Philosophy

John Marenbon

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Medieval Philosophy Introduction Medieval philosophy includes the four branches of a single tradition, rooted principally in the Platonic-Aris...


Sven Bernecker, Aaron Bogart

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Memory Introduction Remembering is a fundamental cognitive process, which is involved in virtually all other important cognitive functions, ...

Mental Causation

John Donaldson

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-08-28

Mental CausationIntroductionMental causation occurs when mental entities cause other mental and physical entities: seeings causing believings, itches ...


Paul R. Daniels

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

MereologyIntroductionMereology concerns part-whole relations, which is to say that mereological discussions focus on (1) the relation between the part...

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice

Wayne Froman, Meirav Almog

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-08-28

Maurice Merleau-PontyIntroductionMerleau-Ponty (b. 1908–d. 1961) was a major 20th-century French philosopher and contributor to phenomenology. He stud...

Meta-epistemological Skepticism

Chris Ranalli

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

Meta-epistemological SkepticismIntroductionIn epistemology, skepticism is the view that knowledge of (or justified belief about) something is impossib...


Christos Kyriacou

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-04-28

MetaepistemologyIntroductionMetaepistemology is the branch of epistemology that asks questions about epistemological questions and inquires into funda...

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