Philosophy - P - Oxford Bibliographies

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Thom Brooks

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

PunishmentIntroductionThe punishment of criminals is a topic of long-standing philosophical interest since the ancient Greeks. This interest has focus...


Diego E. Machuca

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

PyrrhonismIntroductionPyrrhonism can safely be said to be the most prominent and influential form of skepticism in the history of Western philosophy. ...


Clare Batty

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Qualia Introduction You wake up to the sounds of the birds chirping. You open up the curtains and take in the colors of the flowering trees out...


Stelios Virvidakis, Vasso Kindi

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-02-26

Quietism Introduction Quietism in contemporary analytic philosophy is the view or stance that entails avoidance of substantive philosophical t...

Quine, W. V. O.

Gary Kemp

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-11-21

W. V. O. QuineIntroductionWillard Van Orman Quine (b. 1908–d. 2000) was the main agenda setter in post–World War II philosophy of language and related...


Angelo Corlett

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

Race Introduction The concept of race is of great importance to moral, social, political, and legal philosophy, as well as the history of philo...

Racist Jokes

Claire Horisk

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-04-26

Racist JokesIntroductionRacist jokes are usefully understood as one kind of offensive joke, with the broader category including sexist and ethnic joke...


Kurt Smith

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-01-21

RationalismIntroduction“Rationalism” denotes a family of philosophical views that have emerged over the past two millennia. Many of the views have in ...


Patrick Rysiew

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-11-21

Rationality Introduction “Rationality” is among our central and most widely used evaluative notions. That humans are “rational animals” is a p...

Rawls, John: Moral and Political Philosophy

Jon Mandle

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-09-29

John Rawls: Moral and Political PhilosophyIntroductionJohn Rawls (b. 1921–d. 2002) was the leading Anglo-American political philosopher of the second ...

Realism and Anti-Realism

Sven Rosenkranz

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Realism and Anti-Realism Introduction The realism/anti-realism divide has its proper place in metaphysics, but it also has important implicati...


Umut Baysan

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-10-26

RealizationIntroduction“Realization” is a technical term used by philosophers of mind, philosophers of science, and metaphysicians to denote some depe...

Reasons in Epistemology

Kurt Sylvan

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-04-28

Reasons in Epistemology Introduction Reasons attract great interest in new literature on the foundations of epistemic normativity. This follow...

Reductionism in Biology

Sahotra Sarkar, Alan Love, William Wimsatt

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-01-11

Reductionism in BiologyIntroductionReductionism concerns a set of ontological and epistemological claims, and methodological strictures based on them,...

Reference, Theory of

Heimir Geirsson

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Theory of ReferenceIntroductionReference and issues surrounding reference have played a large role in analytic philosophy. The basic question is simpl...

Reid, Thomas

Terence Cuneo

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-07-27

Thomas Reid Introduction Along with his contemporaries Francis Hutcheson, David Hume, and Adam Smith, Thomas Reid (b. 1710–d. 1796) was one of ...


Paul O'Grady

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-09-20

Relativism Introduction That people disagree about fundamental issues—such as the nature of reality, the scope of knowledge, or what moral cod...


Erik J. Olsson

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-06-28

ReliabilismIntroductionOn one characterization of “reliabilism,” the term refers to any epistemological theory that emphasizes the reliability of some...

Religion, Philosophy of

Jonathan L. Kvanvig

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Philosophy of Religion Introduction The philosophy of religion became a recognizable subdiscipline in philosophy in the mid- to late 20th cen...

Religious Belief, Epistemology of

Duncan Pritchard

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Epistemology of Religious BeliefIntroductionInterest in the epistemology of religion has experienced a resurgence since the late 1980s, prompted for t...

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