Philosophy - P - Oxford Bibliographies

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Spinoza, Baruch

Yitzhak Y. Melamed

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

Baruch Spinoza Introduction Benedictus de Spinoza (b. 1632–d. 1677) was one of the greatest metaphysicians of all time, and the boldest and mo...

Stebbing, Susan

Michael Beaney, Siobhan Chapman

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2019-07-31

Susan StebbingIntroductionL. Susan Stebbing (1885–1943) was an important figure in British philosophy between the two world wars. Converted to analyti...

Structural Realism

James Ladyman

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

Structural Realism Introduction There is a long-standing dispute about whether those parts of scientific theories that seem to describe an uno...


Michael Cholbi

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-11-28

SuicideIntroductionWith the rise of psychology, psychiatry, and sociology around 1900, suicide has been more commonly seen as a medical or public heal...


David Heyd

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-01-11

SupererogationIntroductionEtymologically, the term “supererogation” refers to paying more than is due. Philosophically, it relates to the category of ...


Jesper Kallestrup

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Supervenience Introduction Supervenience is a topic-neutral, dependency relation that typically holds between facts or sets of properties. For ...

Tarski, Alfred

Mario Gomez-Torrente

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-03-27

Alfred Tarski Introduction Alfred Tarski (b. 1901–d. 1983) was a Polish American–mathematician, widely regarded as one of the greatest logicia...

Technology, Philosophy of

Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Søren Riis, Evan Selinger, Stig Andur Pedersen

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Philosophy of Technology Introduction Philosophy of technology is a rapidly growing branch of philosophy. Many philosophers now regard it as ...

Testimony, Epistemology of

Duncan Pritchard

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Epistemology of TestimonyIntroductionIn the field of philosophy, testimony is defined as the intentional transfer of a belief from one person to anoth...

Theoretical Terms in Science

Holger Andreas

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2020-02-26

Theoretical Terms in ScienceIntroductionWhat is a theoretical term? This question can be answered in at least two different ways. First, a theoretical...

Thomas Aquinas' Philosophy of Religion

Paul O'Grady

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-08-31

Thomas Aquinas’s Philosophy of Religion Introduction Thomas Aquinas contributed to all the main areas of philosophy, but his work is especiall...

Thought Experiments

James Robert Brown, Michael T. Stuart

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Thought ExperimentsIntroductionThought experiments are performed in the imagination. We set up some situation, we observe what happens, then we try to...

Time and Tense

Kristie Miller

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-08-29

Time and Tense Introduction The nature of the relationship between time and tense is a contested one. On the one hand, when philosophers ask a...

Time Travel

Alasdair Richmond

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-10-26

Time Travel Introduction Time travel is a philosophical growth industry, with many issues in metaphysics and elsewhere recently transformed by...


Emanuela Ceva

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-05-28

Toleration Introduction The idea of toleration (or tolerance—the terms are mostly used interchangeably) plays a paramount role in liberal theor...


Seumas Miller

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-07-26

TortureIntroductionMost sustained philosophical analyses of torture are relatively recent and have been given impetus by the so-called War on Terror. ...

Transcendental Arguments

Gabriele Gava

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-11-29

Transcendental ArgumentsIntroductionAs generally understood, transcendental arguments are deductive arguments that aim to establish a certain claim A ...


Anna-Sofia Maurin

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

TropesIntroductionTrope theory is the view that the world is (wholly or partly) constituted by so-called tropes, which are entities most often charact...


Judith Simon

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

TrustIntroductionImagine a world without trust. Without trust, even the simplest actions in our lifeworld would hardly ever happen: we would never ent...


Pascal Engel

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Truth Introduction The problem of the nature of truth is Janus-faced. On the one hand, it seems to be so metaphysically profound that it is for...

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