Philosophy - P - Oxford Bibliographies

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Truth and the Aim of Belief

Davide Fassio

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Truth and the Aim of BeliefIntroductionWith the claim that “belief aims at truth,” philosophers designate a specific feature of belief according to wh...


Aaron M. Griffith

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

TruthmakingIntroductionThe notions of “truthmaking” and “truthmakers” are central to many attempts in contemporary metaphysics to come to grips with t...

Turing Test

Graham Oppy

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-10-25

Turing TestIntroduction“The Turing Test” is named for the brilliant English logician, mathematician, cryptographer, computer programmer, and computer ...

Two-Dimensional Semantics

Cara J. Spencer

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Two-Dimensional Semantics Introduction Two-dimensional (2-D) modal logic provides a semantic framework for natural language expressions whose r...


Stephen Grimm, Michael Hannon

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

UnderstandingIntroductionUnderstanding is a kind of cognitive accomplishment, and the objects of understanding—from people, to languages, to scientifi...

Uniqueness and Permissiveness in Epistemology

Luis Rosa

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-10-25

Uniqueness and Permissiveness in EpistemologyIntroductionPermissivism is roughly the view that different doxastic attitudes toward a given proposition...


Carl Ehrett

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Vagueness Introduction Much, or perhaps all, of natural language is vague: the concepts expressed in natural language seem to have unclear boun...

Value of Knowledge

Erik J. Olsson

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

Value of Knowledge Introduction Everyone agrees that it is good to know. If you know that it will rain tomorrow, you can adapt your traveling ...

Vienna Circle

Thomas J. Oberdan

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

Vienna CircleIntroduction“The Vienna Circle” was the name adopted by a group of scientists and philosophers who met in Vienna in the 1920s and 1930s t...

Virtue Epistemology

John Turri, Ernest Sosa

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Virtue Epistemology Introduction Virtue epistemologists deploy the resources of virtue theory to explain epistemological properties and concept...

Virtue Ethics

Julia Driver

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

Virtue Ethics ...

Virtues, Intellectual

Charlie Crerar, Teresa Allen, Heather Battaly

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2020-10-28

Intellectual VirtuesIntroductionIntellectual virtues are qualities that make us excellent thinkers. There are different analyses of exactly which qual...


Seth Lazar, Jonathan Parry

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-08-26

WarIntroductionWars are large-scale armed conflicts between two or more organized groups. The basic problem of warfare is that it involves inflicting ...

Weakness of Will

Lubomira Radoilska

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-10-29

Weakness of Will Introduction Weakness of will, or akrasia, is an exciting issue at the heart of moral psychology and the philosophy of mind a...

Weil, Simone

David Levy

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2019-08-28

Simone WeilIntroductionSimone Weil (b. 1909) was a French writer, thinker, and activist who left a corpus of disparate writings that collectively pres...


Andrew Moore

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-08-31

Well-Being Introduction One’s well-being is a matter of having things go well for oneself or with one’s life, and one’s ill-being is a matter ...

William of Ockham

Sharon Kaye

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-06-29

William of Ockham Introduction William of Ockham (c. 1285/7–c. 1347) was an English Franciscan philosopher who challenged scholasticism and th...

Williams, Bernard

Marcel van Ackeren, Sophie-Grace Chappell

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-10-27

Bernard WilliamsIntroductionFor half a century, the English philosopher Bernard Williams (b. 1929–d. 2003) was a distinctive and individual voice in A...


Dennis Whitcomb

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Wisdom Introduction The word philosophy stems from philo and sophia, Greek terms often translated as “love” and “wisdom,” respectively. There...

Wittgenstein, Ludwig: Early Works

Denis McManus

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Ludwig Wittgenstein: Early Works Introduction Ludwig Wittgenstein is one of the few widely recognized great philosophers of the 20th cen...

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