Medieval Studies - P - Oxford Bibliographies

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Papacy, The Medieval

Thomas F.X. Noble, Atria Larson

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

The Medieval PapacyIntroductionThe papacy is the world’s oldest continuously functioning institution. A full history of the papacy would have four asp...

Paris

Sarah-Grace Heller

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-04-28

ParisIntroductionWhile Paris has been continuously inhabited since Celtic tribes settled on its islands in the Seine, developing into the Roman market...

Peasants

Philip Slavin

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Peasants Introduction Medieval peasantry has been a subject of much scholarly work since the mid-19th century. To a large extent, the pre–W...

Peter Abelard

Constant J. Mews

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

Peter AbelardIntroductionPeter Abelard (b. 1079–d. 1142) initially established his reputation in dialectic, as he describes in his Historia calamitatu...

Petrarch

Chris Kleinhenz

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-05-23

Petrarch Introduction Through his Canzoniere, Francesco Petrarca (b. 1304–d. 1374) shaped in indelible ways the development of the love lyric ...

Pictish Art

Jane Geddes

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2013-05-28

Pictish Art Introduction Pictish art was created by people living predominantly in north and eastern Scotland between about the 4th and 10th c...

Pizan, Christine de

Tracy Adams Rechtschaffen

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Christine de Pizan Introduction The prolific writer Christine de Pizan (b. c. 1364–d. c. 1431) was an innovative lyric poet, early champi...

Plowman, Piers

Lawrence Clopper

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Piers Plowman Introduction William Langland or William of Cleobury Mortimer (fl. 1360s–1380s) is the author of Piers Plowman, an allegorical p...

Poland

Pawel Kras

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Poland Introduction Scholars usually date the medieval history of Poland as starting in the mid-10th century, when the first written informat...

Poland, Ethnic and Religious Groups in Medieval

Pawel Kras

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Ethnic and Religious Groups in Medieval Poland Introduction Starting from its historical emergence in the 10th century, Poland formed the eas...

Pope Innocent III

John Doran

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Pope Innocent III Introduction Pope Innocent III (b. 1160 or 1161––d. 1216) is widely regarded as the most powerful pope of the Middle Ages. S...

Post-Conquest England

Joel Rosenthal

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Post-Conquest EnglandIntroductionThe customary periodization of English history refers to the period before the Norman Conquest as the Anglo-Saxon or ...

Pre-Carolingian Western European Kingdoms

Gregory I. Halfond

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-06-28

Pre-Carolingian Western European KingdomsIntroductionBetween c. 500 and 750 ce western Europe experienced significant political transformation. In the...

Prick of Conscience, The

James H. Morey

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-10-28

The Prick of Conscience Introduction The Prick of Conscience (PC) is a mid-14th-century poem of over 9,000 lines in octosyllabic couplets that...

Pucci, Antonio

Maria Bendinelli Predelli

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2019-05-29

Antonio PucciIntroductionLeaving aside Dante, Petrarch, and Boccaccio—the three exceptional figures of the Italian Trecento—Antonio Pucci (b. c. 1310–...

Queens

Elena Woodacre, Miriam Shadis

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

QueensIntroductionAs the wives, mothers, and daughters of kings, medieval queens acquired their status in one of two ways, either through marriage or,...

Rate Manuscript (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Ashmole 61)

Wendy Matlock

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2017-06-27

Rate Manuscript (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Ashmole 61)IntroductionOxford, Bodleian Library, MS Ashmole 61 is often referred to as the Rate manuscri...

Regions of Medieval France

Robert F. Berkhofer

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Regions of Medieval France Introduction While there were kings who claimed to rule the western Frankish kingdom after the division of the C...

Regular Canons

Martin Heale

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2013-09-30

Regular CanonsIntroductionThe regular canons—clerics living in common and following a monastic rule—are not easy to categorize. In theory, the vocatio...

Religious Lyrics

John C. Hirsh

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Religious LyricsIntroductionAlthough dimly anticipated by certain Old English poetic texts, the Middle English religious lyric appears in the manuscri...

Rímur

Matthew James Driscoll

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2022-02-21

RímurIntroductionThe Icelandic rímur (lit. ‘rhymes’) are long narrative poems in complex meters, normally comprising several cantos or fits, each of w...

Robert Mannyng of Brunne

Kate Greenspan

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2017-10-25

Robert Mannyng of BrunneIntroductionEnglish poet and historiographer Robert Mannyng (b. c. 1283–d. c. 1338), the author of Handlyng Synne and The Stor...

Rolle, Richard

Margaret Connolly

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-01-13

Richard Rolle Introduction Richard Rolle, who died in 1349, is the earliest of a group of five English writers who are generally referred to a...

Roman Law

Thomas Izbicki

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Roman LawIntroductionDuring the Middle Ages, law loomed large in efforts to manage life situations, beginning with the adaptation of late imperial law...

Romances (East and West Norse)

Marianne Kalinke

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2021-10-27

Romances (East and West Norse)IntroductionMedieval Scandinavian romances are categorized as East Norse (that is, Swedish), and West Norse (that is, No...

Romanesque Art

Elizabeth Valdez del Álamo

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Romanesque Art Introduction The fully vaulted building and its large-scale sculptural decoration is the great invention of Romanesque art of ...

Ruthwell Cross

Catherine E. Karkov

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2015-10-26

Ruthwell Cross Introduction The Ruthwell Cross is a freestanding stone cross, or high cross. It was carved and erected at some point in the 8t...

Sagas and Tales of Icelanders

Annette Lassen

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2022-04-25

Sagas and Tales of IcelandersIntroductionThe sagas of Icelanders deal with the life of wealthy farmers in Iceland in the period from 930 to 1030 ce, i...

Saint Plays and Miracles

Clifford Davidson

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Saint Plays and Miracles Introduction Shows based on the lives and martyrdoms of saints appear perhaps to have been the most widespread type o...

Saint-Denis

Robert F. Berkhofer

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Saint-Denis Introduction The monastery of Saint-Denis, just north of Paris along the Seine River, was dedicated to Denis (Dionysius), the 3rd...

Scandinavian Migration-Period Gold Bracteates

Nancy L. Wicker

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

Scandinavian Migration-Period Gold BracteatesIntroductionScandinavian bracteates of the Migration period (5th and 6th centuries ce) are small disks (u...

Schools in Medieval Britain

Nicholas Orme

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-03-23

Schools in Medieval BritainIntroductionSchools are here defined as places where literary skills are taught to children and adolescents up to about the...

Scogan, Henry

Andrew Galloway

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-04-24

Henry Scogan Introduction Henry Scogan (b. c. 1361–d. 1407) emerged into view accurately only with Kittredge 1892 (cited under Biography), as a...

Seals

Brigitte Miriam Bedos-Rezak

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

Seals Introduction A medieval seal is a dual object: a metallic seal-matrix (or die) engraved intaglio, and the imprints or impressions issued...

Sermons

Thomas N. Nall

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-12-19

Sermons Introduction Sermons go back to the very beginning of the Christian tradition, or even further if one recalls their use in ancient Jew...

Sex and Sexuality

Kim M. Phillips

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2013-10-29

Sex and SexualityIntroductionSex and sexuality were matters of intense importance in medieval religion, culture, and society, though only in recent de...

Ships and Seafaring

Ian Friel

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-04-24

Ships and Seafaring Introduction This bibliography is intended as an introduction to the study of medieval European ships in the period between...

Shirley, John

Margaret Connolly

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-03-31

John ShirleyIntroductionJohn Shirley, who died in 1456, was a scribe of later Middle English literature, particularly of works by John Lydgate and Geo...

Skaldic Poetry

Margaret Clunies Ross

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2022-09-26

Skaldic PoetryIntroductionSkaldic poetry was one of the most significant literary products of the Western Middle Ages and among the most complex. It p...

Slavery in Medieval Europe

Hannah Barker

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2019-11-26

Slavery in Medieval EuropeIntroductionCommon knowledge would have it that slavery did not exist in medieval Europe. However, there is a thriving body ...

Song of Roland, The

David Raybin

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-06-28

The Song of RolandIntroductionThe Song of Roland is one of the most studied works in French literature. Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Digby 23 preserves...

Songs, Medieval

Vincent Corrigan

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-03-23

Medieval SongsIntroduction“Medieval song” is a very broad topic. It embraces the disciplines of philology and musicology; texts in Latin, the vernacul...

Spain

Olivia Remie Constable

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-04-24

Spain Introduction What is meant by “medieval Spain”? Usually, “medieval” is understood as roughly the millennium between 500 ce and 1500 ce, a...

St. Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury

Douglas Dales

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2018-02-22

St. Dunstan, Archbishop of CanterburyIntroductionDunstan (b. c. 909–d. 988) was a person of central importance in the life of church and state in 10th...

St. Peter's in the Vatican (Rome)

Lex Bosman

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2010-12-15

St. Peter’s in the Vatican (Rome) Introduction The history of St. Peter’s Church in Rome is actually the history of two successive churches, ...

Textiles

Elizabeth Coatsworth, Gale R. Owen-Crocker

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2013-06-25

Textiles Introduction Textile was a ubiquitous presence in the Middle Ages, because clothing, soft furnishings, and containers were made from ...

The Middle Ages, The Trojan War in

Timothy Arner

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2016-08-30

The Trojan War in the Middle AgesIntroductionIn the Middle Ages, the Fall of Troy functioned as the secular parallel to the Fall of Man. Just as sacre...

The Use of Sarum and Other Liturgical Uses in Later Medieval Britain

Matthew Cheung Salisbury

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2021-08-25

The Use of Sarum and Other Liturgical Uses in Later Medieval BritainIntroductionIf the late medieval liturgy could be characterized by anything, it wa...

Theater and Performance, Iberian

Christopher Swift

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2012-02-06

Iberian Theater and PerformanceIntroductionMedieval Iberian theater and performance maintains a peculiar status within, and between, performance and m...

Thomas Aquinas

M.V. Dougherty

Subject: Medieval Studies »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

Thomas Aquinas Introduction Thomas Aquinas (b. 1224/5, d. 1274) is widely recognized as one of the greatest theologians of the medieval period...

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