Classics - S - Oxford Bibliographies

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Fred Naiden, James Rives

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2016-02-25

SacrificeIntroductionFor the purpose of this article, ancient “sacrifice” was the act of making a destructible or perishable offering to a god, hero, ...


Abram Ring

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-04-14

Sallust Introduction Gaius Sallustius Crispus (86–35? bce) was born at Amiternum, about 93 kilometers northeast of Rome. He may have been the fi...


Rafael Scopacasa

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2021-10-27

SamnitesIntroductionAccording to most of our historical sources, namely the Greek and Roman writers, the Samnites were a tough and warlike people who ...


Dimitrios Yatromanolakis

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

SapphoIntroductionThis bibliographical article focuses on studies on Sappho in the 20th and 21st centuries. Sappho, on whom modern research has been v...


Lara Pagani

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2019-11-26

ScholiaIntroductionThe word σχόλιον (“scholion,” Lat. scholium), a diminutive of σχολή, means originally “short note” or “brief explanation.” Today “s...

Science, Greek and Roman

Paul T. Keyser

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2014-10-28

Greek and Roman ScienceIntroductionThe study of the science of the ancient Greco-Roman world falls between two academic stools: on the one hand, the h...

Sculpture, Etruscan

P. Gregory Warden

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Etruscan Sculpture Introduction The primary focus of Etruscan sculpture was the human body. In this sense, the main interest of Etruscan sculpt...

Sculpture, Greek

Carol C. Mattusch

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Greek Sculpture Introduction In his History of the Art of Antiquity (1764; Winckelmann 2006 in General Overviews), J. J. Winckelmann proposed a...

Sculpture, Roman

Diane Atnally Conlin

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2017-03-30

Roman SculptureIntroductionSculpture in the Roman world constitutes a broad category of diverse objects: from miniature votive statuettes deposited at...

Seneca the Elder

Stefan Feddern

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-05-29

Seneca the ElderIntroductionThough Seneca the Elder (c. 50 bce–c. 40 ce) is a person almost unknown to us, his extant work, the Oratorum et rhetorum s...

Seneca the Younger's Philosophical Works

Margaret Graver

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2016-04-28

Seneca the Younger’s Philosophical WorksIntroductionLucius Annaeus Seneca, a Roman adherent of Stoicism with a particular interest in ethics, died in ...

Seneca's Phaedra

Roland Mayer

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2017-04-27

Seneca’s PhaedraIntroductionSeneca’s tragedy Phaedra is a powerful depiction of the disintegration of the character of a woman driven by desire for he...

Seneca's Tragedies

Susanna Braund

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-05-25

Seneca’s Tragedies Introduction Lucius Annaeus Seneca (b. c. 4 bce–d. 65 ce), also known as Seneca the Younger to distinguish him from his fath...

Seneca’s Oedipus

Susanna Braund, Emma Hilliard

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2017-09-27

Seneca’s OedipusIntroductionSeneca’s Oedipus, like all his plays, has in the past fifty years moved from being marginalized and rejected to being stud...

Severans, The

Stéphane Benoist

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2014-10-28

The Severans Introduction The reigns of the Severi (193–235), from Septimius Severus (the founder of the dynasty) to the last emperor Severus ...


Allison Glazebrook

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2015-01-15

Sexuality Introduction While ancient sexuality has long been a topic of interest, it is only since the 1970s that it has become recognized as ...

Silius Italicus

Antony Augoustakis

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

Silius Italicus Introduction Tiberius Catius Asconius Silius Italicus, simply known as Silius Italicus, is the author of the longest extant po...

Slavery, Greek

Rachel Zelnick-Abramovitz

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2012-06-26

Greek SlaveryIntroductionThe earliest Greek texts known to us already attest to the existence of unfree labor. Despite being widespread and considered...

Slavery, Roman

Theresa Urbainczyk

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2011-03-02

Roman Slavery Introduction Romans could never escape their slaves. Slaves were always a physical presence: in the city, in the country, in the fo...


Dimitri El Murr

Subject: Classics »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

SocratesIntroductionSocrates of Athens (470/469–399 bce) is perhaps the most famous philosopher of all time. Yet there is a striking contrast between ...

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