Hinduism - T - Oxford Bibliographies

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Tamil Caṅkam Religion

Alexander M. Dubyanskiy

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2012-10-25

Tamil Caṅkam Religion Introduction The initial stage of Tamil cultural and literary tradition is connected with the so-called Caṅkam, a poetic...

Tamil Nadu

Archana Venkatesan

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2014-04-28

Tamil Nadu Introduction Tamil Nadu occupies the southeastern region of the Indian subcontinent, and its traditional boundariesare defined in e...


Glen Alexander Hayes

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2012-08-29

Tantra Introduction There has been a lively scholarly debate on the nature and origins of Hindu (and Buddhist) tantra since these diverse text...

The Upaniṣads

Laurie Patton

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2011-03-02

The Upaniṣads Introduction The Upanishads comprise some of the foundational texts of Indian history and philosophy and provide a touchstone for...

Tilak, Bal Gangadhar

Sukeshi Kamra

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2019-02-27

Bal Gangadhar TilakIntroductionBal Gangadhar Tilak (b. 1856–d. 1920) has been one of the Indian freedom movement’s more contentious leaders. Debates t...


Knut A. Jacobsen

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2015-10-26

Tīrtha Introduction In the Hindu traditions, a tīrtha is a place believed to possess auspiciousness and purifying, salvific power and is an ob...


Greg Bailey

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2011-01-27

Trimūrti Introduction The trimūrti is a theological grouping of three gods in Sanskrit literature bringing together Brahma, Vishnu, and Shi...

Trinidad, Diaspora in

Alexander Rocklin

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2017-02-28

Diaspora in TrinidadIntroductionBetween 1838, after the end of slavery, and 1920, over half a million Indians were transported by the British to the C...

Urban Hinduism

Joanne Punzo Waghorne

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2017-06-27

Urban HinduismIntroductionThe study of urban Hinduism was long hampered by a persistent trope: the “real” India, and by extension “real” Hinduism, exi...


Ute Hüsken

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2018-04-26

VaikhānasaIntroductionVaikhānasas are a Brahmin community in south India. Many male members of this group still serve as hereditary priests in both la...


ShashiPrabha Kumar

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2017-01-11

VaiśeṣikaIntroductionVaiśeṣika is one of the six major schools of Hindu philosophy. The system is unique in the sense that it is more focused on the i...

Vaiṣṇava Pāñcarātra

Marion Rastelli

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2019-05-29

Vaiṣṇava PāñcarātraIntroductionThe Pāñcarātra is a Hindu tradition that worships Viṣṇu as the supreme god. Its origins date back to the pre-Christian ...


Shandip Saha

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2015-11-30

Vallabha Introduction Vallabha or Vallabhācārya (b. 1479–d. 1531) was the founder of the theistic school of Vedānta known as Pure Non-Dualism ...


Aditya Malik, Chandan Bose, Tuhina Ganguly

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2017-05-24

VarkarisIntroductionVarkari can refer to an individual or group who undertakes a pilgrimage to the temple of Lord Vithoba or Vitthala in the town of P...


Vishwa Adluri

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2011-01-27

Vedānta Introduction Indian philosophy (darśana) is traditionally classified into two main groups: orthodox or āstika systems, which accept t...

Vedas, The

Michael Witzel

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2015-03-30

The Vedas Introduction The four Vedas are the earliest Indian texts composed orally in archaic Sanskrit during the late Bronze and early Iron ...

Vedic Agni

Herman Tull

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

Vedic Agni Introduction Agni is the Sanskrit word for “fire,” derived from an Indo-European root and related etymologically to the Latin ignis

Vedic Oral Tradition

Finnian M.M. Gerety

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2017-06-27

Vedic Oral TraditionIntroduction“Vedic oral tradition” is a broad rubric for traditions of recitation and ritual connected to India’s oldest Sanskrit ...


R. Blake Michael

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2015-05-29

Virashaivism Introduction As ardent devotees of Lord Shiva, the Virashaivas’ very name means “heroic” or “firm” worshippers of Shiva. They alw...


Sucharita Adluri

Subject: Hinduism »

Date Added: 2014-08-26

Vishnu Introduction Vishnu (Skt. Viṣṇu) is one of the great gods of the Hindu pantheon, whose earliest mention is in the Vedas. As an ally of ...

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