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Chinese Studies - T - Oxford Bibliographies

You are looking at 162 - 181 of 185 items

Taiping Civil War

Rudolf Wagner

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2016-10-27

Taiping Civil WarIntroductionThe Taiping Heavenly Kingdom (Taiping tianguo, 1851–1864) presented a religious, ethnic and military challenge to the rul...

Taiwanese Democracy

Jonathan Sullivan

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2015-10-26

Taiwanese Democracy Introduction In the second half of the 20th century, Taiwan evolved from a colonial backwater under one-party rule to beco...

Technology Transfer in China

Douglas B. Fuller

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2019-04-24

Technology Transfer in ChinaIntroductionThe issues surrounding China’s technology transfer as a social phenomenon have changed just as radically as Ch...

Television, Chinese

Xiaoling Zhang

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2014-03-27

Chinese Television Introduction Chinese TV broadcasting started in 1958, with three stations established during that year: Beijing Television,...

Terracotta Warriors, The

Xiuzhen (Janice) Li

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2014-06-30

The Terracotta Warriors Introduction The terracotta warriors, made in the Qin Dynasty (221–206 bce), were discovered by chance in 1974, and ha...

Tertiary Education in Contemporary China

Qiang Zha, Chuanyi Wang

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2019-01-15

Tertiary Education in Contemporary ChinaIntroductionTertiary education in contemporary China (1990–) marks an era of reforms and expansion. In this pe...

Texts in Pre-Modern East and South-East Asia, Chinese

Peter Kornicki

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2015-04-29

Chinese Texts in Premodern East and Southeast Asia Introduction Chinese texts travelled far and wide in antiquity, and they had a particularly...

The Economy, 1949–1978

Dwight H. Perkins

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

The Economy, 1949–1978IntroductionThe Chinese economy during the first three decades of rule by the Chinese Communist Party was organized in a fundame...

Township and Village Enterprises

Hong-yi Chen

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2016-02-25

Township and Village EnterprisesIntroductionChina’s rural industry, which stemmed from rural subsidiary production, has been an important part of Chin...

Traditional Historiography

Johannes L. Kurz

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2015-09-29

Traditional HistoriographyIntroductionThis article considers mainly the imperial traditional historiography that started with Sima Qian 司馬遷 (b. 145 bc...

Transnational Chinese Cinemas

Xuesong Shao, Sheldon Lu

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2020-11-24

Transnational Chinese CinemasIntroductionThe term “transnational Chinese cinemas” first appeared in 1997 in the anthology Transnational Chinese Cinema...

Tribute System, The

Yongjin Zhang

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

The Tribute System Introduction The tribute system (chaogong tizhi 朝贡体制) is a widely used term in the studies of traditional Chinese foreign...

Unequal Treaties and the Treaty Ports, The

Dong Wang

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2018-07-24

The Unequal Treaties and the Treaty PortsIntroductionThe “unequal treaties” and the treaty ports are two intricately linked elements of modern China’s...

United States-China Relations, 1949-present

Ralph W. Huenemann

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2016-11-28

United States-China Relations, 1949-presentIntroductionIn broad-brush terms, United States-China relations since 1949 have passed through four phases....

Urban Change and Modernity

Kristin Stapleton

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2013-04-22

Urban Change and Modernity Introduction China has a long and rich urban tradition. At many periods in human history, Chinese cities were the w...


David O'Brien

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2021-04-21

UyghursIntroductionThe Uyghur (alternatively spelled Uighur) are the largest and titular ethnic group living in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region,...

Vernacular Language Movement

Jeffrey Weng

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2020-10-28

Vernacular Language MovementIntroductionThe English term ‘vernacular language’ is more capacious than any of its Chinese equivalents. When discussing ...

Warlords, The

Edward A. McCord

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2018-07-24

The WarlordsIntroductionThe appearance of warlords, who wielded significant autonomous political power on the basis of their personal control of milit...

Water Management

James E. Nickum

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2019-04-24

Water ManagementIntroductionNature did China few favors in its allocation of water, either spatially or seasonally. The South has abundant water but l...


Winnie Sung

Subject: Chinese Studies »

Date Added: 2016-02-25

XunziIntroductionXunzi (ca. 310 bce–ca. 215 bce), also known by the personal name Xun Kuang 荀況 or the epithet Xun Qing 荀卿, is generally considered one...

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