Philosophy - W - Oxford Bibliographies

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Time and Tense

Kristie Miller

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2012-08-29

Time and Tense Introduction The nature of the relationship between time and tense is a contested one. On the one hand, when philosophers ask a...

Time Travel

Alasdair Richmond

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2015-10-26

Time Travel Introduction Time travel is a philosophical growth industry, with many issues in metaphysics and elsewhere recently transformed by...


Emanuela Ceva

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-05-28

Toleration Introduction The idea of toleration (or tolerance—the terms are mostly used interchangeably) plays a paramount role in liberal theor...


Seumas Miller

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-07-26

TortureIntroductionMost sustained philosophical analyses of torture are relatively recent and have been given impetus by the so-called War on Terror. ...

Transcendental Arguments

Gabriele Gava

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-11-29

Transcendental ArgumentsIntroductionAs generally understood, transcendental arguments are deductive arguments that aim to establish a certain claim A ...


Anna-Sofia Maurin

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

TropesIntroductionTrope theory is the view that the world is (wholly or partly) constituted by so-called tropes, which are entities most often charact...


Judith Simon

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

TrustIntroductionImagine a world without trust. Without trust, even the simplest actions in our lifeworld would hardly ever happen: we would never ent...


Pascal Engel

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Truth Introduction The problem of the nature of truth is Janus-faced. On the one hand, it seems to be so metaphysically profound that it is for...

Truth and the Aim of Belief

Davide Fassio

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Truth and the Aim of BeliefIntroductionWith the claim that “belief aims at truth,” philosophers designate a specific feature of belief according to wh...


Aaron M. Griffith

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

TruthmakingIntroductionThe notions of “truthmaking” and “truthmakers” are central to many attempts in contemporary metaphysics to come to grips with t...

Turing Test

Graham Oppy

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2017-10-25

Turing TestIntroduction“The Turing Test” is named for the brilliant English logician, mathematician, cryptographer, computer programmer, and computer ...

Two-Dimensional Semantics

Cara J. Spencer

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Two-Dimensional Semantics Introduction Two-dimensional (2-D) modal logic provides a semantic framework for natural language expressions whose r...


Stephen Grimm, Michael Hannon

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

UnderstandingIntroductionUnderstanding is a kind of cognitive accomplishment, and the objects of understanding—from people, to languages, to scientifi...

Uniqueness and Permissiveness in Epistemology

Luis Rosa

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2018-10-25

Uniqueness and Permissiveness in EpistemologyIntroductionPermissivism is roughly the view that different doxastic attitudes toward a given proposition...


Carl Ehrett

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Vagueness Introduction Much, or perhaps all, of natural language is vague: the concepts expressed in natural language seem to have unclear boun...

Value of Knowledge

Erik J. Olsson

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-08-26

Value of Knowledge Introduction Everyone agrees that it is good to know. If you know that it will rain tomorrow, you can adapt your traveling ...

Vienna Circle

Thomas J. Oberdan

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

Vienna CircleIntroduction“The Vienna Circle” was the name adopted by a group of scientists and philosophers who met in Vienna in the 1920s and 1930s t...

Virtue Epistemology

John Turri, Ernest Sosa

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2010-05-10

Virtue Epistemology Introduction Virtue epistemologists deploy the resources of virtue theory to explain epistemological properties and concept...

Virtue Ethics

Julia Driver

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2013-07-24

Virtue Ethics ...

Virtues, Intellectual

Charlie Crerar, Teresa Allen, Heather Battaly

Subject: Philosophy »

Date Added: 2020-10-28

Intellectual VirtuesIntroductionIntellectual virtues are qualities that make us excellent thinkers. There are different analyses of exactly which qual...

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