About this Subject Expand or collapse the "about this subject" section

Forthcoming Articles Expand or collapse the "forthcoming articles" section

  • Digital Earth
  • Murray-Darling Basin Plan: Case Study in Market-Based Approach to Water Sharing
  • Payments for Environmental Services
  • Find more forthcoming articles...


Environmental Science - W - Oxford Bibliographies

You are looking at 67 - 86 of 135 items

Hydraulic Fracturing

George M. Hornberger, John C. Ayers, Moyosore Ajayi

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2014-09-29

Hydraulic FracturingIntroductionThe first modern oil wells were constructed in the middle of the 19th century. Over geological time oil and gas in con...

India and the Environment

Sunayana Ganguly

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2016-01-21

India and the EnvironmentIntroductionEnvironment as a concept is so overarching that each of the sub-topics could easily have its own bibliography. Th...

Industrial Contamination, Case Studies in

Devra L. Davis, Sarina T. Scott

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2017-07-26

Case Studies in Industrial ContaminationIntroductionEvaluating the public health impact of industrial contamination is one of the most challenging sub...


Ramiro Berardo, Jeffrey W. Hanlon

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2015-10-26

Institutions Introduction There is widespread consensus among environmental scientists that a holistic understanding of how natural resources ...

Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) for Climate Change

Zili Yang, Yi-Ming Wei, Zhifu Mi

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2016-04-28

Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) for Climate ChangeIntroductionIntegrated assessment models (IAMs) for climate change refers to a broad category of...

International Land Grabbing

Paolo D'Odorico, M. Cristina Rulli

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2014-11-25

International Land Grabbing Introduction In recent years, some food crises have threatened food security worldwide. These episodes were induce...

Karst Caves

Mario Parise

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2017-07-26

Karst CavesIntroductionKarst refers to the processes of chemical dissolution and mechanical erosion acting on soluble rocks (mainly carbonates and eva...

Key Figures: North American Environmental Scientist Activists

Ellen Wohl

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2016-11-28

Key Figures: North American Environmental Scientist ActivistsIntroductionEnvironmental scientist activist is not an established phrase. Here it design...

Lakes: A Guide to the Scientific Literature

Warwick F. Vincent

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2018-11-29

Lakes: A Guide to the Scientific LiteratureIntroductionLakes are aquatic ecosystems of wide-ranging cultural, economic, and scientific importance, and...

Land Use, Land Cover and Land Management Change

Wim Thiery, E.L. Davin, S.I. Seneviratne

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2018-09-25

Land Use, Land Cover and Land Management Change: Definitions, Scenarios, and Role in the Climate SystemIntroductionUsing land resources in fulfilment ...

Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning

Kristina Hill

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2018-08-28

Landscape Architecture and Environmental PlanningIntroductionThe design and planning of landscapes is an ancient human activity. The Epic of Gilgamesh...

Large Wood in Rivers

Ellen Wohl

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2017-07-26

Large Wood in RiversIntroductionLarge wood consists of downed, dead pieces of wood. Although different size definitions have been proposed, the most w...

Legacy Effects

L. Allan James

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2015-01-15

Legacy Effects Introduction Legacy effects are environmental changes resulting from antecedent human disturbances. The disturbance may be a re...

Lidar in Environmental Science, Use of

Adrian Harpold

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2015-10-26

Use of Lidar in Environmental Science Introduction Light detection and ranging (lidar) is a technology that allows construction of three-dimen...

Management, Australia's Environment

I.D. Rutherfurd

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2018-07-24

Australia’s Environment and Its ManagementIntroductionThe Southern Hemisphere island continent of Australia (7 million km2) is old, flat, stable, and ...


Daniel Friess

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2017-05-24

MangrovesIntroductionIntertidal mangrove forests are a wetland ecosystem composed of halophytic tree and shrub species and associated terrestrial and ...

Marine Mining

Andrew David Thaler

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2015-11-30

Marine Mining Introduction In his underwater epic 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1869), Jules Verne speculated that the seafloor would one day ...

Marine Protected Areas

Elizabeth De Santo

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2019-10-30

Marine Protected AreasIntroductionMarine Protected Areas (MPAs) are a key tool in ecosystem-based management, implementing a spatial approach to biodi...

Mediterranean Environments

Harriet D. Allen

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2017-07-26

Mediterranean EnvironmentsIntroductionMediterranean environments are found in the Mediterranean Basin itself, California (including Baja-California, M...

Mountain Environments

Ellen Wohl

Subject: Environmental Science »

Date Added: 2018-03-28

Mountain EnvironmentsIntroductionMountain ranges occur on every continent, at latitudes from the equator almost to both poles. A region is defined as ...

How to Subscribe

Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.