Buddhism - Z - Oxford Bibliographies

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Mañjuśrī

Laura Harrington

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-02-06

Mañjuśrī Introduction Mañjuśrī (Ch. Wenshu; Jpn. Monju; Tib. ‘Jam-dpal) is one of the oldest and most significant bodhisattvas of the Indian Ma...

Mantras and Dhāraṇīs

Paul Copp

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Mantras and Dhāraṇīs Introduction Mantras and dhāraṇīs are two of the most prominent genres of incantation in Buddhism. Mantras, which tend t...

Mārga (Path)

Pierre-Julien Harter

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2017-07-26

Mārga (Path)IntroductionThe concept of the path or the way (mārga) is without a doubt one of the most important Buddhist concepts, and beyond Buddhism...

Marpa

Andrew Quintman

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-04-24

Marpa Introduction Marpa Chokyi Lodro (Mar pa Chos kyi blo gros, b. c. 1012–d. 1097), a renowned lay Buddhist master and translator of Sanskrit...

Medicine

C. Pierce Salguero

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-04-28

MedicineIntroductionKnowledge about physical health and disease has held a central place within Buddhist thought, and healing has remained a persisten...

Meditation

David L. McMahan

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Meditation Introduction Buddhist meditation is made up of a wide array of techniques designed to produce heightened states of awareness and c...

Merit Transfer

James Egge

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2016-07-27

Merit TransferIntroductionMerit transfer is directing one’s own good deeds (or karma) to benefit another being. Practices of merit transfer are common...

Milarepa

Andrew Quintman

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-12-19

Milarépa Introduction Milarépa (Mi la ras pa, b. c. 1040–d. 1123) is one of the most famous figures in the history of Tibetan Buddhism. Althou...

Mindfulness

Erik Braun

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-02-06

Mindfulness Introduction Mindfulness, the common translation of the Pali word sati (cognate of the Sanskrit word smṛti), has taken on a wide ra...

Miracles, Buddhist

David Fiordalis

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Buddhist Miracles Introduction To many ears, the expression “Buddhist miracles” remains “strangely hybrid,” adopting a phrase that Matthew Kap...

Modern Japanese Buddhist Philosophy

Gereon Kopf

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2019-02-27

Modern Japanese Buddhist PhilosophyIntroductionRecent years have seen an increased presence of Japanese Buddhist philosophy in the world of Anglophone...

Modernism, Buddhist

David L. McMahan

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Buddhist Modernism Introduction Scholars have used a cluster of terms—“Protestant Buddhism,” “modern Buddhism,” and most commonly, “Buddhis...

Monasticism in East Asia

Lori Meeks

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2011-09-30

Monasticism in East Asia Introduction Early Buddhologists, who tended to focus on the texts and doctrines of particular schools of Buddhism, sh...

Mongolia, Buddhism in

Vesna Wallace

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Buddhism in Mongolia Introduction A large-scale conversion of Mongols to Buddhism began in the 16th century and lasted until the early 20th c...

Mongolia, Buddhist Art and Architecture in

Isabelle Charleux

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-10-28

Buddhist Art and Architecture in Mongolia Introduction Mongolian Buddhist art and architecture were largely unknown in Western academic litera...

Mūlamadhyamakakārikā

Paul Donnelly

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-02-06

MūlamadhyamakakārikāIntroductionThe Mūlamadhyamakakārikā is generally regarded as the masterwork of the 2nd- to 3rd-century Indian Buddhist master Nāg...

Music, and Buddhism

Beth Szczepanski

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-05-29

Buddhism and Music Introduction The relationship between Buddhism and music is complicated. Association of music with earthly desires led earl...

Myanmar, Buddhism in

Erik Braun

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Buddhism in Myanmar Introduction The nation-state of Myanmar is the westernmost and the largest in mainland Southeast Asia. (The country was f...

Nāgārjuna

Paul Donnelly

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

NāgārjunaIntroductionNāgārjuna is the most influential and revered author and religious figure in many of the Mahayana Buddhist traditions. Chinese an...

Nembutsu

Galen Amstutz

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Nembutsu Introduction The actual presence of the founding teacher was an essential element of Buddhism in its origins, and the desire of fol...