Buddhism - Oxford Bibliographies

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Abe, Masao

James L. Fredericks

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2021-08-25

Masao AbeIntroductory MaterialMasao Abe (阿部 正雄, 1915–2006), was a prominent exponent of Japanese Zen Buddhism within academic circles in the West and ...

Abhidharma/Abhidhamma Literature

Rupert Gethin

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2018-02-22

Abhidharma/Abhidhamma LiteratureIntroductionThe Sanskrit term abhidharma (Pali abhidhamma) probably derives from the expression abhi dharme, “about or...

Abhijñā/Ṛddhi (Extraordinary Knowledge and Powers)

David Fiordalis

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-01-28

Abhijñā/Ṛddhi (Extraordinary Knowledge and Powers) Introduction Abhijñā (Pali: abhiññā) is a Buddhist technical term that refers most specific...

Abortion, Buddhism and

Damien Keown

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-04-28

Buddhism and AbortionIntroductionIn Buddhist countries, abortion is not the controversial issue it is in the West. There is comparatively little publi...

Āgamas, Chinese

Bhikkhu Anālayo

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2017-11-29

Chinese ĀgamasIntroductionThe expression “Chinese Āgamas” refers to collections of early Buddhist discourses, counterparts to the four Pāli Nikāyas, t...

Ajanta Caves

Akira Shimada

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

Ajanta Caves Introduction Ajaṇṭā is a Buddhist rock-cut cave site in Aurangabad District of Maharashtra State, western India. It was discovere...


William S. Waldron

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Ālaya-vijñāna Introduction Ālaya-vijñāna (storehouse consciousness) refers to a level of subliminal mental processes that occur uninterrupted...

Ambedkar Buddhism

Christopher S. Queen

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-01-30

Ambedkar Buddhism Introduction Ambedkar Buddhism, or Navayana (“new vehicle”) Buddhism, began on 14 October 1956 in Nagpur, India, when nearly...


Galen Amstutz

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Amitābha Introduction The three topics of Amitābha (in Japanese, Amida; in Chinese, Amituo), Pure Land Buddhism, and nembutsu are always lin...


K.T.S. Sarao

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2014-02-25

Anatman Introduction The term ātman (Pāli. attā/atta) is often translated into English as “self, soul, or ego.” As compared to this, anātman (...

Ancient Indian Society

Greg Bailey

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2016-09-28

Ancient Indian SocietyIntroductionThis article provides bibliographic information on ancient Indian society from 2500 bce until 300 ce, with most of t...


Ivette Vargas-O’Bryan

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-02-26

Anthropology Introduction Although the study of the anthropology of Buddhism falls within the anthropology of religion, it has evolved into it...

Archaeology of Early Buddhism

Robin Coningham

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2013-03-19

Archaeology of Early Buddhism Introduction The archaeology of Buddhism has been portrayed as the excavation of individual monuments and the ch...


George D. Bond

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2011-12-15

Arhat Introduction The term arhat (Sanskrit) or arahant (Pali) denotes for Buddhism a being who has reached a state of perfection and enlighten...

Art and Architecture In China, Buddhist

Karen S. Hwang

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2012-10-25

Buddhist Art and Architecture in China Introduction Buddhist art has played a crucial role in the dissemination and development of Buddhism in...

Art and Architecture in India, Buddhist

Jinah Kim

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2015-11-30

Buddhist Art and Architecture in India Introduction As Leoshko demonstrates in her Sacred Traces: British Explorations of Buddhism in South As...

Art and Architecture in Japan, Buddhist

Heather Blair

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Buddhist Art and Architecture in Japan Introduction When Buddhism entered Japan in the sixth century, its sculpture, painting, architecture, ...

Art and Architecture in Nepal, Buddhist

Erberto Lo Bue

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2011-09-30

Buddhist Art and Architecture in NepalIntroductionThe earliest evidence of the presence of Buddhism in the Nepal Valley belongs to the 5th century. Ac...

Art and Architecture in Tibet, Buddhist

David Gray

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2010-09-13

Buddhist Art and Architecture in Tibet Introduction Fifty years ago, Tibetan art and architecture were fields in an early stage of develo...

Art and Architecture on the "Silk Road," Buddhist

Michelle C. Wang

Subject: Buddhism »

Date Added: 2011-06-29

Buddhist Art and Architecture on the “Silk Road”IntroductionThe “Silk Roads,” a term first coined by the German geographer Baron Ferdinand von Richtho...

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